World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Federal Housing Finance Agency

Federal Housing Finance Agency
Agency overview
Formed July 30, 2008 (2008-07-30)[1]
Preceding agencies Federal Housing Finance Board
Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight
Agency executive Mel Watt, Director
Website .gov.fhfawww

The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) is an independent federal agency created as the successor regulatory agency resulting from the statutory merger of the Federal Housing Finance Board (FHFB), the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight (OFHEO), and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development government-sponsored enterprise mission team,[2] absorbing the powers and regulatory authority of both entities, with expanded legal and regulatory authority, including the ability to place government sponsored enterprises (GSEs) into receivership or conservatorship.[3][4][5]

In its role as regulator, it regulates Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the 12 Federal Home Loan Banks (FHLBanks, or FHLBank System). It is wholly separate from the Federal Housing Authority, which largely provides mortgage insurance.


  • History 1
    • Conservatorships 1.1
    • Suits against financial institutions 1.2
  • Leadership 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6


The law establishing the FHFA is the Federal Housing Finance Regulatory Reform Act of 2008, which is Division A of the larger

  • Official website
  • Federal Housing Finance Agency in the Federal Register
  • Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight in the Federal Register

External links

  • Oversight of the Federal Housing Finance Agency: Hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, November 15 and December 13, 2011
  • Oversight of the Federal Housing Finance Agency: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Financial Services, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, December 1, 2011

Further reading

  1. ^ Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (PDF)
  2. ^ FHFA. About FHFA.
  3. ^ Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008
  4. ^ "10-Q, August 6, 2008". Freddie Mac. 2008-08-06. The Regulatory Reform Act replaces the conservatorship provisions previously applicable to the enterprise with conservatorship and receivership provisions based generally on federal banking law. The Regulatory Reform Act expands the grounds for which an enterprise may be placed into conservatorship, establishes the grounds for which an enterprise may be placed into receivership, and provides for appointment of FHFA as conservator or receiver. 
  5. ^ "Fact Sheet: Questions and Answers on Conservatorship". Federal Housing Finance Agency. 2008-09-07. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  6. ^ HR 3221, signed into law as Public Law 110-289: A bill to provide needed housing reform and for other purposes.
    Access to Legislative History: Library of Congress: A bill to provide needed housing reform and for other purposes.
    White House pre-signing statement: Statement of Administration Policy: H.R. 3221 – Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (July 23, 2008). Executive office of the President, Office of Management and Budget, Washington DC.
  7. ^ Lockhart, James B. (2008-07-30). "Statement of Director James B. Lockhart on the Creation of FHFA". (Press Release) (Federal Housing Finance Agency). Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  8. ^ FHFA “Notice of establishment sent to the Fdderal Register. (Press Release) (September 4. 2008) Federal Housing Finance Agency. (Summarizing the Federal Register transmittal.)
  9. ^ Establishment of a new independent agency Federal Housing Finance Agency. (August 30, 2008). (Signed by James B. Lockhart III, Director, FHFA) -- The notice as transmitted to the Federal Register.
  10. ^ "FHFA Press Release". Retrieved 2014-11-18. 
  11. ^ Goldfarb, Zachary A.; David Cho and Binyamin Appelbaum (2008-09-07). "Treasury to Rescue Fannie and Freddie: Regulators Seek to Keep Firms' Troubles From Setting Off Wave of Bank Failures".  
  12. ^ Paulson, Henry M., Jr.; (Press release statement) (2008-09-07). "Statement by Secretary Henry M. Paulson, Jr. on Treasury and Federal Housing Finance Agency Action to Protect Financial Markets and Taxpayers". United States Department of the Treasury. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  13. ^ "FHFA Sues UBS to Recover Losses to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac" (Press release). FHFA. Jul 27, 2011. Retrieved Sep 6, 2011. 
  14. ^ "FHFA Sues 17 Firms to Recover Losses to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac" (Press release). FHFA. Sep 2, 2011. Retrieved Sep 6, 2011. 
  15. ^ a b c Schwartz, Nelson D.; Roose, Kevin (Sep 3, 2011). "Federal Regulators Sue Big Banks Over Mortgages". New York Times. Retrieved Sep 6, 2011. 
  16. ^ Salmon, Felix (Sep 2, 2011). "The FHFA lawsuit league table". Felix Salmon Blog. Retrieved Sep 6, 2011. 
  17. ^ Leonard, Andrew (Sep 6, 2011). "The bungled politics of bank bashing". Salon. Retrieved Sep 6, 2011. 
  18. ^ "FHFA's DeMarco to be Replaced Early Next Year: WSJ". Mortgage Mews Daily. December 10, 2012. 
  19. ^ Hopkins, Cheyenne; Benson, Clea (May 1, 2013). "Obama Said to Choose Watt to Lead Fannie Mae Regulator". Bloomberg. 
  20. ^ Puzzanghera, Jim (May 1, 2013). "Obama to nominate Democratic Rep. Mel Watt to head housing agency". Los Angeles Times. 
  21. ^ "Senate confirms Rep. Mel Watt as Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac regulator". Los Angeles Times. December 10, 2013. 


See also

On May 1, 2013, President Barack Obama nominated Mel Watt as the next FHFA head.[19][20] After Democrats eliminated rules allowing filibusters on executive branch nominations, the U.S. Senate confirmed Watt on December 10, 2013.[21]

Upon Lockhart's departure, Edward J. DeMarco was appointed Acting Director of FHFA on August 25, 2009.[18]


The FHFA in 2011 filed suit first against UBS[13] then against 17 other financial institutions[14][15] accusing them of misrepresenting about $200 billion in mortgage-backed securities sold to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The suits, some of which name individual defendants,[16] allege a variety of violations of federal securities law and common law[15][17] and paint "a damning portrait of the excesses of the housing bubble."[15] The suits seek a variety of damages and civil penalties.

Suits against financial institutions

  1. On September 8, 2008, the first day of the conservatorship, business will be conducted normally, with stronger backing for the holders of Mortgage Backed Securities (MBS), senior debt and subordinated debt.
  2. The Enterprises will be allowed to grow their guarantee MBS books without limits and continue to purchase replacement securities for their portfolios, about $20 billion per month, without capital constraints.
  3. As the conservator, the FHFA will assume the power of the Board and management.
  4. The present CEOs have been dismissed, but will stay on to help with the transition.
  5. Appointed as CEOs are Herb Allison, for Fannie Mae and David M. Moffett for Freddie Mac. Allison is former Vice Chairman of Merrill Lynch and for the last eight years chairman of TIAA-CREF. Moffett is the former Vice Chairman and CFO of US Bancorp. Their compensation will be significantly lower than the outgoing CEOs. They will be joined by equally strong non-executive chairmen.
  6. Other management action will be very limited. The new CEOs agreed it is important to work with the current management teams and employees to encourage them to stay and to continue to make important improvements to the Enterprises.
  7. To conserve over $2 billion annually in capital the common stock and preferred stock dividends will be eliminated, but the common and all preferred stocks will continue to remain outstanding. Subordinated debt interest and principal payments will continue to be made.
  8. All political activities, including all lobbying, will be halted immediately. Charitable activities will be reviewed.
  9. There will be financing and investing relationship with the U.S. Treasury via three different financing facilities, to provide critically needed support to Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae and the liquidity of the mortgage market. One of the three facilities is a secured liquidity facility which will be not only for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, and also for the 12 Federal Home Loan Banks that FHFA also regulates.

In the announcement, Lockhart indicated the following items in the plan of action for the conservatorship:

On September 7, 2008, FHFA director Lockhart announced he had put Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac under the conservatorship of the FHFA.[10] The action is "one of the most sweeping government interventions in private financial markets in decades".[11] U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry M. Paulson, appearing at the same press conference, stated that placing the two GSEs into conservatorship was a decision he fully supported, and said that he advised "that conservatorship was the only form in which I would commit taxpayer money to the GSEs." He further said that "I attribute the need for today's action primarily to the inherent conflict and flawed business model embedded in the GSE structure, and to the ongoing housing correction."[12]


FHFA director Lockhart transmitted a "notice of establishment," for publication in the Federal Register on September 4, 2008. The notice formally announced the agency's existence and authority to act.[8][9]

"For more than two years as Director of OFHEO I have worked to help create FHFA so that this new GSE regulator has far greater authorities than its predecessors. As Director of FHFA, I commit that we will use these authorities to ensure that the housing GSEs provide stability and liquidity to the mortgage market, support affordable housing and operate safely and soundly.

On the day of the law's signing, former Director James Lockhart stated:[7]


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.