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Ferozepore

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Ferozepore

This article is about the municipality in Punjab, India. For its namesake district, see Firozpur district.
Firozpur
city
Firozpur
Firozpur
Location in Punjab, India

Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6

Country  India
State Punjab
District Firozpur
Founded by Feroze Shah Tuglaq
Elevation 182 m (597 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 95,451
Demonym Firozpuriye ,firozporeans
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area code(s) 91-1632
Vehicle registration PB 05
Website http://ferozepur.nic.in/

Firozpur (abbreviated: FZR) (alternatively Ferozepur and Ferozepore (during British Raj)) is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District, Punjab, India, founded by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq (1309–88), a Muslim ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388. The Manj Rajputs say the town was named after their chief, a Rajput of the Bhatti clan called Feroze Khan, in the middle of the 16th century.[1] Firozpur is called ‘Shaheedon ki dharti’ (the land of martyrs).[2]

Ferozpur today is a transportation and administration center and an ancient city. It is a border town on the Indo-Pakistan border with memorials of India's freedom fighters.[3]

Firozpur also holds a historic place in Indian history as it was there that British Raj established control over much of North-West India as well as what is now Pakistan through the Anglo-Sikh Wars that were fought in this region. Today it is the headquarters of a brigade of the Northern Corps of the Indian Army. Shaheed Bhagat Singh College of Engineering and Technology is located at Moga road in Firozpur. It is a government Engg. College and has an excellent reputation.[4] Firozpur Cantonment is adjacent to and south of the city; during British times it was one of the largest cantonments in the country.

Firozpur has easy access by road and rail to other places such as Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Delhi, and Chandigarh; the city is a center of numerous holy shrines and historic places. At the nearby city of Zira, a Jain Swetambar Temple with ancient brass icons and wall murals is located.

In addition to cotton and grain cultivation and agriculture-related services, Firozpur has some light manufacturing. Commercial progress has been restricted by its vicinity to the border with Pakistan. Normalizing relations between the two nuclear nations promises to raise the city's profile as a potential trade hub. Firozpur is the oldest British district of the Punjab, established in 1833 as district headquarters even well before Ludhiana and Amritsar became districts. Firozpur district even after partition included many areas which were later reorganised to be a part of the Faridkot, Moga, Muktsar and Bathinda Fazilka Districts. The per hectare wheat yields of this district are comparable to the best in the world and they matched wheat yields per hectare of Ontario Province in Canada.

Location

Firozpur city is to the South-West of Amritsar city and located some 109 km from Amritsar. Another nearby city to the North of Firozpur is Tarn Taran. To the East is Ludhiana about 120 km away. In the West it has Kasur and Lahore in Pakistan across the International Border at Husainiwala/Ganda Singh Wala. Other nearby cities include Fazilka, Abohar, (located to the South-West of Firozpur) to the North-East of Firozpur are Nakodar, Kapurthala and Jalandhar, (located North-East of Firozpur). Jalandhar is 120 km away from Firozpur. The cities of Muktsar and Faridkot are South of Ferozpur.

Important distances from the city of Firozpur

Climate

The climate of the Firozpur District is, on the whole dry and is characterized by a very hot summer, a short rainy season and a bracing winter. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from November to March. This is followed by the summer season which lasts up to about the end of June. The period from July to the middle of September constitutes the south-westerly monsoon season. The latter half of September and October may be termed the post-monsoon or the transition period.

Climate data for Firozpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(66)
21
(69)
26
(78)
34
(94)
38
(101)
39
(103)
34
(94)
33
(91)
33
(92)
32
(89)
26
(79)
21
(69)
29.7
(85.4)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(44)
8
(47)
13
(55)
18
(65)
23
(73)
26
(79)
26
(79)
24
(76)
23
(74)
17
(63)
11
(52)
7
(45)
16.9
(62.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 20.3
(0.80)
38.1
(1.50)
30.5
(1.20)
20.3
(0.80)
20.3
(0.80)
61
(2.40)
228.6
(9.00)
188
(7.40)
86.4
(3.40)
5.1
(0.20)
12.7
(0.50)
20.3
(0.80)
731.6
(28.8)
Source: [5]

Demographics

As per provisional data of 2011 census Firozpur had a population of 110,091, out of which males were 58,401 and females were 51,690. The literacy rate was 79.75 per cent.[6]

According to the 2001 Indian census,[7] Ferozpur had a population of 95,451, which increased from 78,738 in 1991. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Ferozpur has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 68%. In Ferozpur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Notes

References

  • Template:1911

External links

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