World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Field strength meter

Article Id: WHEBN0031474404
Reproduction Date:

Title: Field strength meter  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: PAL-S, Distortionmeter, Outline of television broadcasting, Television lines, White clipper
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Field strength meter

In telecommunications, field strength meter is a measuring device which measures the electric field caused by a transmitter.

The relation between the electric field and the transmitted power

In ideal free space, the electric field strength produced by a transmitter with isotropic radiator is readily calculated.[1]

\mbox{E} = \frac{ \sqrt{30 \cdot P}}{d}


E is the electric field strength in volts per meter
P is the transmitter power output in watts
d is the distance from the radiator in meters

It is clear that field strength is inversely proportional to the distance between the transmitter and the receiver. However, this relation is impractical for calculating the field strength produced by terrestrial transmitters, where reflections and attenuation caused by objects around the transmitter or receiver may affect the electrical field strength considerably.

Field strength meter

Field strength meter is actually a simple receiver. After a tuner circuit, the signal is detected and fed to a microammeter, which is scaled in dBų. The frequency range of the tuner is usually within the terrestrial broadcasting bands. Some FS meters can also receive satellite (TVRO and RRO) frequencies. Most modern FS meters have AF and VF circuits and can be used as standard receivers. Some FS meters are also equipped with printers to record received field strength.


When measuring with a field strength meter it is important to use a calibrated antenna such as the standard antenna supplied with the meter. For precision measurements the antenna must be at a standard height. A value of standard height frequently employed for VHF and UHF measurements is 10 metres (33 ft). Gain correction tables may be provided with the meter, that take into account the change of antenna gain with frequency.

Minimum field strength criteria

The CCIR defines the minimum field strength for satisfactory reception. These are shown in the table below.[2] (Band II is reserved for FM radio broadcasting and the other bands are reserved for TV broadcasting.)
Frequency band Minimum field strength in dBµV/m Notes
Band I 48
Band III 55
Band IV 65
Band V 70
Band II 48 Rural area
Band II 60 Urban area
Band II 70 Large towns


  1. ^ Reference Data for Radio Engineers, Howard W.Sams Co.Inc.,ISBN 0-672-21218-8, p 27-7
  2. ^ K.H.Kaltbeitzer: Technical Monograph 3104, EBU Technical Centre, 1965, p.24
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.