World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fifth Estate

Article Id: WHEBN0014566545
Reproduction Date:

Title: Fifth Estate  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Collaborative journalism, Citizen journalism, Opinion journalism, Technology journalism, Trade journalism
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Fifth Estate

The Fifth Estate is a modern extension of the three classical Estates of the Realm. The Fifth Estate is most strongly associated with bloggers, journalists, and media outlets that operate outside of the mainstream media (and often in opposition to the mainstream media). It may also include political groups and other groups outside of the mainstream in their views and functions in society (the term "Fourth Estate" emerged in reference to forces outside the established power structure, and is now most commonly used in reference to the independent press or media).

Blogs and social media as a Fifth Estate

Nimmo and Combs assert that political pundits constitute a Fifth Estate.[1] Media researcher Stephen D. Cooper argues that bloggers are the Fifth Estate.[2] William Dutton has argued that the Fifth Estate is not simply the blogging community, nor an extension of the media, but 'networked individuals' enabled by the Internet in ways that can hold the other estates accountable.[3]

Making reference to the medieval concept of "three estates of the realm" (Clergy, Nobility and Commons) and to a more recently developed model of "four estates", which encompasses the media, Nayef Al-Rodhan introduces the weblogs (blogs) as a "fifth estate of the realm". Blogs have potential and real influence on contemporary policymaking, especially in the context of elections, reporting from conflict zones, and raising dissent over corporate or congressional policies. Based on these observations, Al-Rodhan suggests moving beyond traditional thinking that limits the “estates of the realm” to governmental action and proposes a broader perspective in which civilians or anyone with access to a computer and the Internet can contribute to the global political change and security.[4]

Of all the blogs on the Internet, continues Al-Rodhan, only a few have a real power to influence the Codepink movement argue that this is an unfair characterisation, since the Executive Branch wages actually-existing war at a significant human and material cost routinely without being charged with the same accusation. Despite of evidence of multiple war fronts appearing to support this claim in the early 21st century, Al-Rodhan concludes, governments must increase surveillance of blogs and develop legal, administrative, and technological tools to dissuade bloggers from posting potentially harmful information, such as calls to incite terrorism. On a more positive note, blogs have also the potential to prevent governments from adopting hasty and misjudged decisions.[5]

References

  1. ^ Dan D. Nimmo and James E. Combs (1992). The Political Pundits. Praeger/Greenwood. p. 20.  
  2. ^ Stephen D Cooper (2006). Watching the Watchdog: Bloggers as the Fifth Estate. Marquette Books.  
  3. ^ Dutton, W. H. (2009), ‘The Fifth Estate Emerging through the Network of Networks’, Prometheus, Vol. 27, No. 1, March: pp. 1-15.
  4. ^ "Geneva Centre for Security Policy - GCSP / Emerging Security Challenges / Globalisation / Publications / Books / Faculty Publications / Books and Edited Volumes / The Emergence of Blogs as a Fifth Estate and Their Security Implications". Gcsp.ch. Retrieved 2012-11-17. 
  5. ^ Al-Rodhan, Nayef R.F., The Emergence of Blogs as a Fifth Estate and Their Security Implications, Geneva, Slatkine, 2007.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.