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Flag of Croatia

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Title: Flag of Croatia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: President of Croatia, Flags of Europe, Culture of Croatia, Coat of arms of Croatia, History of Croatia
Collection: National Flags, National Symbols of Croatia
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Flag of Croatia

Croatia
Name Trobojnica (The Tricolor)
Use National flag
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 21 December 1990
Design A horizontal tricolor of red, white, and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the center.
Designed by Miroslav Šutej[1]
Variant flag of Croatia
Use Civil and state ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 1992
Design Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms.
Variant flag of Croatia
Use Naval ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 1992
Design Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue superimposed by the emblem of the Croatian Navy.

The flag of Croatia is one of the state symbols of Croatia. It consists of three equal size, horizontal stripes in colours red, white and blue. In the middle is the coat of arms of Croatia.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Shield 2
  • Colors 3
  • Historical flags 4
  • Other official flags in Croatia 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The flag combines the colors of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (white and blue) and the Kingdom of Dalmatia (red and blue). Those three kingdoms are the historic constituent states of the Croatian Kingdom.

The red-white-blue tricolor has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and the pan-Slavic colors are widely associated with romantic nationalism. While the Banovina of Croatia existed within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it had a similar flag without the modern crown above the chequy. During the Independent State of Croatia, flag was like the modern, but without crown and there was letter "U" at the top left of the flag. Also, first field of Croatian chequy was white. While Croatia was part of SFR Yugoslavia its tricolor was the same, but it had a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms. The star was replaced by the coat in May 1990, shortly after the first multiparty elections. The current flag and the coat of arms were officially adopted on 21 December 1990, about ten months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.

Shield

The shield is in the red and white checks of Croatia. Above is a crown made of shields of its various regions. From left to right they are the ancient arms of Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia.

Colors

Croatian soldiers raising the Croatian flag in the Knin Fortress during the Operation Storm Commemoration, 5 August 2011
The largest flying flag in Croatia, atop the Srđ mountain over the city of Dubrovnik

The following colors are specified for use in the flag:[2]

Scheme Red White Cyan Blue Yellow Black
Pantone 186 C transparent white Process Cyan C Reflex Blue C 108 C Process Black C
CMYK 0-100-100-0 0-0-0-0 100-0-0-0 100-82-0-2 0-6-95-0 0-0-0-100
RGB 255-0-0 255-255-255 0-147-221 23-23-150 247-219-23 0-0-0

Historical flags

Other official flags in Croatia

See also

References

  1. ^ "Flag of the Republic of Croatia".  
  2. ^ http://www.sabor.hr/Default.aspx?sec=4317

External links

  • Croatia at Flags of the World
  • Everything about the Croatian flags
  • History of the Croatian Flag in brief
  • Historical Flags (1848-1918)
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