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Football at the 1952 Summer Olympics

Football at the 1952 Summer Olympics
Tournament details
Host country Finland
Dates July 15-August 2
Teams 25 (from 5 (plus Great Britain) confederations)
Venue(s) 6 (in 5 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Hungary
Runners-up  Yugoslavia
Third place  Sweden
Tournament statistics
Matches played 26
Goals scored 135 (5.19 per match)

The 1952 Olympic football tournament signalled the arrival (to Western Europeans at least) of the Hungarian national football team - the "Magical Magyars". Ferenc Puskás later said of the 1952 competition: "It was during the Olympics that our football first started to flow with real power."[1] It was during the Games that Stanley Rous of English Football Association invited the Hungarians to play a friendly at Wembley the following year.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Squads 2
  • The tournament 3
    • Preliminary round highlights 3.1
    • First round highlights 3.2
    • Quarter finals 3.3
    • Semi finals 3.4
    • Bronze Medal 3.5
    • Gold and Silver Medals 3.6
  • Results 4
    • Preliminary round results 4.1
    • First round results 4.2
    • Quarter-finals results 4.3
    • Semi-finals results 4.4
    • Bronze Medal match result 4.5
    • Gold Medal match result 4.6
  • Bracket 5
  • Medalists 6
  • Goalscorers 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Background

By the time of the competition the Hungarians had been undefeated since May 14, 1950, but had been largely confined to the Eastern European Communist satellite states. The competition also saw the first mass entry from Eastern Europe; six nations from beyond the Iron Curtain were competing - the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Yugoslavia and Hungary. The Scandinavian countries - Finland, Sweden and Norway - were exempted in the Preliminary round.

Squads

The tournament

Preliminary round highlights

The preliminary round saw Hungary record a narrow victory against Romania, whilst there was an 8-0 victory for Italy against the United States, and a 5-1 victory for Brazil against The Netherlands. Great Britain succumbed to Luxembourg 5-3, whilst Egypt defeated Chile 5-4. Yugoslavia were drawn against the Indians, who decided to play without boots; Yugoslavia won 10-1.

First round highlights

The First round saw Scandinavian countries join the competition; the hosts Finland were beaten 3-4 by Austria, whilst Sweden defeated neighbours Norway 4-1. The game of the round was between Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union; Yugoslavia had been 5-1 ahead with 30 minutes of the match to go, only for the Soviet captain Bobrov to score a hat-trick and inspire his team to an eventual 5-5 draw. A replay resulted in a 3-1 victory for Yugoslavia; the Soviet side had been expected by Moscow to win the 1952 Games, and their defeat by Yugoslavia was not mentioned in the Soviet press until after Stalin's death the following year.

Quarter finals

Sweden defeated Austria to ensure a Scandinavian presence in the semi-finals. Germany surprisingly beat Brazil 4-2 after extra time, whilst Yugoslavia won comfortably in a 5-3 defeat of Denmark. Hungary demolished Turkey 7-1 to complete the four semi-finalists.

Semi finals

In the first semi final, Hungary saw off Sweden with a comprehensive 6-0 victory, whilst Yugoslavia beat Germany 3-1 to set up a Hungary-Yugoslavia final.

Bronze Medal

There was some consolation for the Scandinavian countries as Sweden defeated Germany 2-0 in the third place play-off to secure the bronze medal.

Gold and Silver Medals

Two goals from Puskás and Zoltán Czibor saw Hungary beat Yugoslavia and take the gold medal.

Results

Preliminary round results

July 15, 1952
19:00
Poland  2–1  France
Trampisz  31'
Krasówka  49'
Report Leblond  30'
Lahden kisapuisto, Lahti

Referee: Karel van der Meer (NED)

Attendance: 3.752

July 15, 1952
19:00
Hungary  2–1  Romania
Czibor  21'
Kocsis  73'
Report Suru  86'
Kupittaa, Turku

Referee: Nikolay Latyshev (URS)

Attendance: 10.588

July 15, 1952
19:00
Yugoslavia  10–1  India
Vukas  2'  62'
Mitić  14'  43'
Zebec  17'  23'  60'  87'
Ognjanov  52'  67'
Report Ahmed Khan  89'
Töölön Pallokenttä, Helsinki

Referee: John Best (USA)

Attendance: 10.000

July 15, 1952
19:00
Denmark  2–1  Greece
P.E. Petersen  36'  37' Report Emmanouilides  85'
Ratina Stadion, Tampere

Referee: Waldemar Karni (FIN)

Attendance: 4.372

July 15, 1952
19:00
Soviet Union  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Bulgaria
Bobrov  100'
Trofimov  104'
Report Kolev  95'
Kotkan Urheilukeskus, Kotka

Referee: Istvan Zsolt (HUN)

Attendance: 10.637

July 16, 1952
19:00
Italy  8–0  United States
Gimona  3'  51'  75'
Pandolfini  16'  62'
Venturi  27'
Fontanesi  52'
Mariani  87'
Report
Ratina Stadion, Tampere

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)

Attendance: 15.342

July 16, 1952
19:00
Brazil  5–1  Netherlands
Humberto  25'
Larry  33' (p.k.)  36'
Jansen  81'
Vavá  86'
Report Van Roessel  15'
Kupittaa, Turku

Referee: Giorgio Bernardi (ITA)

Attendance: 9.685

July 16, 1952
12:00
Luxembourg  5–3 (a.e.t.)  Great Britain
Roller  60'  95'  97'
Letsch  91'
Gales  102'
Report Robb  12'
Slater  101'
Lewis  118'
Lahden kisapuisto, Lahti

Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (ITA)

Attendance: 3.656

July 16, 1952
19:00
Egypt  5–4  Chile
Elfar  27'
Mechaury  43'
Eldizwi  66'  75'  80'
Report Jara  7'  78'
Vial  14'  88'
Kotkan Urheilukeskus, Kotka

Referee: John Nilsson (SWE)

Attendance: 5.354

First round results

July 19, 1952
19:00
Finland  3–4  Austria
Stolpe  11'  34'
Rytkönen  36'
Report Gollnhuber  8' (p.k.)  30'
Stumpf  59'
Grohs  79'
Olympic Stadium, Helsinki

Referee: William Ling (GBR)

Attendance: 33.053

July 20, 1952
19:00
Brazil  2–1  Luxembourg
Larry  42'
Humberto  49'
Report Gales  86'
Kotkan Urheilukeskus, Kotka

Referee: Marijan Macancic (YUG)

Attendance: 6.776

July 20, 1952
19:00
Yugoslavia  5–5 (a.e.t.)  Soviet Union
Mitić  29'
Ognjanov  33'
Zebec  44'  59'
Bobek  46'
Report Bobrov  53'  77'  87'
Trofimov  75'
Petrov  89'
Ratina Stadion, Tampere

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)

Attendance: 17.000
July 22, 1952
19:00
Yugoslavia  3–1  Soviet Union
Mitić  19'
Bobek  29' (p.k.)
Čajkovski  54'
Report Bobrov  6'
Ratina Stadion, Tampere

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)

Attendance: 16.916

July 20, 1952
12:00
Germany  3–1  Egypt
Klug  33'
Schröder  38'  61'
Report El-Dizwi  64'
Kupittaa, Turku

Referee: Giorgio Bernardi (ITA)

Attendance: 6.813

July 21, 1952
19:00
Denmark  2–0  Poland
Seebach  17'
S. Nielsen  69'
Report
Kupittaa, Turku

Referee: Folke Bålstad (NOR)

Attendance: 6.024

July 21, 1952
19:00
Sweden  4–1  Norway
Brodd  23'  35'
Rydell  81'
Bengtsson  89'
Report Sørensen  83'
Ratina Stadion, Tampere

Referee: Johan Aksel Alho (FIN)

Attendance: 4.072

July 21, 1952
19:00
Hungary  3–0  Italy
Palotás  11'  20'
Kocsis  83'
Report
Töölön Pallokenttä, Helsinki

Referee: Karel van der Meer (NED)

Attendance: 13.870

July 21, 1952
19:00
Turkey  2–1 Netherlands Antilles
Tokaç  9'
Bilge  76' (p.k.)
Report Briezen  79'
Lahden kisapuisto, Lahti

Referee: Carl Jorgensen (DEN)

Attendance: 3.696

Quarter-finals results

July 23, 1952
19:00
Sweden  3–1  Austria
Sandberg  80'
Brodd  85'
Rydell  87'
Report Grohs  40'
Töölön Pallokenttä, Helsinki

Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (ITA)

Attendance: 12.564

July 24, 1952
12:00
Germany  4–2 (a.e.t.)  Brazil
Schröder  75'  96'
Klug  89'
Zeitler  120'
Report Larry  12'
Zózimo  74'
Töölön Pallokenttä, Helsinki

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)

Attendance: 11.451

July 24, 1952
19:00
Hungary  7–1  Turkey
Palotás  18'
Kocsis  32'  90'
Lantos  48'
Puskás  54'  72'
Bozsik  70'
Report Guder  57'
Kotkan Urheilukeskus, Kotka

Referee: Waldemar Karni (FIN)

Attendance: 4.743

July 25, 1952
19:00
Yugoslavia  5–3  Denmark
Čajkovski  19'
Ognjanov  35'
Vukas  41'
Bobek  78'
Zebec  81'
Report Lundberg  63'
Seebach  85'
Hansen  87'
Töölön Pallokenttä, Helsinki

Referee: Waldemar Karni (FIN)

Attendance: 11.456

Semi-finals results

July 28, 1952
19:00
Hungary  6–0  Sweden
Puskás  1'
Palotás  16'
Lindh  36' (o.g.)
Kocsis  65'  69'
Hidegkuti  67'
Report
Olympic Stadium, Helsinki

Referee: William Ling (GBR)

Attendance: 30.471

July 29, 1952
19:00
Yugoslavia  3–1  Germany
Mitić  3'  24'
Čajkovski  30'
Report Stollenwerk  12'
Olympic Stadium, Helsinki

Referee: Wolf Waldemar Karni (FIN)

Attendance: 25.821

Bronze Medal match result

August 1, 1952
19:00
Sweden  2–0  Germany
Rydell  11'
Löfgren  86'
Report
Olympic Stadium, Helsinki

Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (ITA)

Attendance: 28.470

Gold Medal match result

August 2, 1952
19:00
Hungary  2–0  Yugoslavia
Puskás  70'
Czibor  88'
Report
Olympic Stadium, Helsinki

Referee: Arthur Ellis (GBR)

Attendance: 58.553

Bracket

  Preliminary Round First Round Quarterfinals Semifinals Finals
                                               
  Hungary 2  
  Romania 1  
    Hungary 3  
      Italy 1  
  Italy 8
  United States 0  
    Hungary 7  
    Turkey 1  
   
   
    Turkey 2
      Netherlands Antilles 1  
 
   
    Hungary 6  
    Sweden 0  
   
   
    Sweden 4
      Norway 1  
 
   
    Sweden 3
    Austria 1  
   
   
    Finland 3
      Austria 4  
 
   
  Hungary 2
  Yugoslavia 0
  Denmark 2  
  Greece 1  
    Denmark 2  
      Poland 0  
  Poland 2
  France 1  
    Denmark 3  
    Yugoslavia 5  
  Yugoslavia 10  
  India 1  
    Yugoslavia 5-3
      Soviet Union 5-1  
  Soviet Union 2 (AET)
  Bulgaria 1  
    Yugoslavia 3
    Germany 1  
  Luxembourg 5 (AET)  
  Great Britain 3  
    Luxembourg 1
      Brazil 2  
  Brazil 5
  Netherlands 1  
    Brazil 2       
    Germany 4 (AET)         
   
   
    Germany 3
      Egypt 1  
  Egypt 5
  Chile 4  

Medalists

Gold: Silver: Bronze:
 Hungary
Gyula Grosics
Jenő Dalnoki
Imre Kovács
László Budai
Ferenc Puskás
Zoltán Czibor
Lajos Csordás
Jenő Buzánszky
Gyula Lóránt
Mihály Lantos
József Bozsik
József Zakariás
Nándor Hidegkuti
Sándor Kocsis
Péter Palotás
 Yugoslavia
Vladimir Beara
Branko Stanković
Tomislav Crnković
Zlatko Čajkovski
Ivan Horvat
Vujadin Boškov
Tihomir Ognjanov
Rajko Mitić
Bernard Vukas
Stjepan Bobek
Branko Zebec
Dušan Cvetković
Milorad Diskić
Ratko Čolić
Slavko Luštica
Zdravko Rajkov
Vladimir Čonč
Vladimir Firm
 Sweden
Karl Svensson
Lennart Samuelsson
Erik Nilsson
Holger Hansson
Bengt Gustavsson
Gösta Lindh
Sylve Bengtsson
Gösta Löfgren
Ingvar Rydell
Yngve Brodd
Gösta Sandberg
Olof Åhlund

Goalscorers

7 goals
6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goal

References

  1. ^ "Puskas on life and football".  

External links

  • Olympic Football Tournament Helsinki 1952, FIFA.com
  • RSSSF Archive
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