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Foreign relations of Paraguay

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Title: Foreign relations of Paraguay  
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Foreign relations of Paraguay

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Paraguay

Latin American Integration Association (ALADI), the Rio Group, INTERPOL, MERCOSUR (the Southern Cone Common Market) and UNASUR

At the political level, diplomatic affairs and international relations of Paraguay are officially handled by the Ministry of Foreign Relations, which answers to the executive branch of the government. The current Minister of Foreign Relations as of 2013 is José Félix Fernández Estigarribia [1]

Unlike any other country in South America, Paraguay recognizes the Republic of China instead of the People's Republic of China. Although not a particularly large country in absolute terms, Paraguay presently is the largest country maintaining official diplomatic relations with the Republic of China.

Latin America

 Argentina

 Bolivia

In 2009 Bolivian President Evo Morales and Paraguayan President Fernando Lugo signed an agreement settling a border dispute, which had led to the Chaco War in the 1930s. President Lugo expressed the hope that natural resources could now "be developed and used by both countries" [3] Relations, as with many countries in the area, have had increased tension since the Paraguay Coup of 2012.

 Brazil

Border of Brazil and Paraguay

See Paraguay–Brazil relations Paraguay–Brazil relations have improved greatly after Brazilian President Lula's decision in 2009 to triple its payments to Paraguay for energy from a massive hydro-electric dam on their border, ending a long-running dispute. Under the accord, Brazil will pay Paraguay $360m a year for energy from the jointly-operated Itaipu plant. Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva called it a "historic agreement" and the deal slated as a political victory for former Paraguayan President Fernando Lugo.[4]

 Chile

See Foreign relations of Chile

 Colombia

See Foreign relations of Colombia

 Mexico

Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 18, 1881.

  • Mexico has an embassy in Asuncion.[5]
  • Paraguay has an embassy in Mexico City.[6]
  • Both countries are full members of the Rio Group.

 Peru

  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 2, 1858.
  • Paraguay has an embassy in Lima.[7]
  • Peru has an embassy in Asuncion.[8]
  • Both countries are full members of the Union of South American Nations.
  • Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Relations about the relation with Paraguay (in Spanish only)

 Uruguay

 Venezuela

Relations between Paraguay and Venezuela have improved since Paraguay's new leftist President Fernando Lugo was inaugurated, a change from 61 unbroken years of Colorado party rule. President Lugo has supported Venezuela's entry into Mercosur however the Colorado Party's influence in Paraguay's Congress and Senate retards this expansion.

Paraguay and Venezuela have restarted negotiations on an unpaid debt of $250 million owed by Paraguayan oil company Petropar to its counterpart Petróleos de Venezuela after the Presidents of Paraguay and Venezuela met to deal with the financing.[11]

Europe

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Bulgaria 1992-12-02 See Bulgaria–Paraguay relations
  • Bulgaria is represented in Paraguay through its embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Paraguay is represented in Bulgaria through its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • Paraguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations
 Denmark
 France 1853
  • Both countries has diplomatic relations since the Treaty of Friendship, Trade and Navigation signed in 1853.
  • France has an embassy in Asuncion.[14]
  • Paraguay has an embassy in Paris.
  • French Ministry of Foreign Relations about relations with Paraguay
  • Paraguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations about relations with France
 Germany See Foreign relations of Germany
 Italy See Foreign relations of Italy
 Russia See Paraguay–Russia relations
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 14, 1992.
  • Paraguay has an embassy in Moscow.[15]
  • Russia is represented in Paraguay through its embassy in Buenos Aires (Argentina) and an honorary consulate in Asunción.[16]
  • On September 13, 2007, Russia's acting foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, declared to soon open a resident embassy in Paraguay's capital.
  • Paraguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations
 Spain See Paraguay–Spain relations
 Ukraine 1993-02-26
  • Paraguay is represented in Ukraine through its embassy in Moscow (Russia).
  • Ukraine is represented in Paraguay through its embassy in Buenos Aires (Argentina) and an honorary consulate in Asuncion.
  • There is an important community of people of Ukrainian origins in Paraguay (between 10,000 and 15,000 people), most of whom arrived at the beginning of the 20th century. (See Ukrainians in Paraguay)
  • Paraguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations
 United Kingdom 1853-03-04 See Paraguay – United Kingdom relations
  • The United Kingdom is represented in Paraguay through its embassy in Buenos Aires (Argentina) and an honorary consulate in Asuncion.
  • Paraguay has an embassy in London.[19]
  • British Foreign and Commonwealth Office about relations with Paraguay
  • Paraguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations about relations with the United Kingdom

Rest of world

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia See Australia–Paraguay relations Australia's positive relations with Paraguay are growing. In 2011, Paraguay opened an embassy in Canberra, Australia opened a consulate in Asunción. As agricultural producers and exporters, they work together to achieve fairer international trade in agricultural products through membership of the Cairns Group and cooperation in other multilateral fora. Australia is also increasing its engagement with Paraguay through development cooperation and people-to-people exchanges. An increasing number of Paraguayan students are pursuing their education at Australian institutions.[20]
 Canada See Foreign relations of Canada
 India 1961-09-13
 Egypt
 Japan See Foreign relations of Japan
 Republic of China See Republic of China – Paraguay relations

Paraguay recognizes the Republic of China (commonly known by its largest island as Taiwan) instead of the People's Republic of China.

 SADR 2000-02-09

Paraguay recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.

 South Africa
  • Paraguay has an Embassy in Pretoria.
  • The South African Embassy at Asuncion was closed in December 1996 and the Resident Ambassador to Argentina was subsequently appointed non-Resident Ambassador to Paraguay. South African also has an honorary consulate in Asuncion.
  • Both countries are full members of the Cairns Group and G20.
  • In April 1974, the then president of Paraguay, Alfredo Stroessner made a five-day state visit to South Africa. Paraguay was given a $20 million loan for agricultural development and agreements were signed on economic cooperation.[24][25] Gen. Stroessner became known as an ally of apartheid South Africa.[26]
  • Paraguayan Ministry of Foreign Relations about relations with South Africa
  • South African Department of Foreign Affairs about relations with Paraguay
 South Korea 1962-06-15
 United States See Paraguay – United States relations

A military training agreement with Asunción, giving immunity to US soldiers, caused some concern after media reports initially reported that a base housing 20,000 US soldiers was being built at Mariscal Estigarribia within 200 km of Argentina and Bolivia, and 300 km of Brazil, near an airport which could receive large planes (B-52, C-130 Hercules, etc.) which the Paraguan Air Forces do not have.[30][31]

In September 2009 Paraguay's President Fernando Lugo revoked plans for US troops to hold joint military exercises and development projects after stating that he no longer thinks that hosting troops taking part in the US department of defence’s "New Horizons" programme was worthwhile. President Lugo referenced strong regional opposition from countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela, Bolivia and Ecuador to the expansion of US military bases in Colombia in his decision.[32]

International organizations

Paraguay is a member of the following international organizations:[33]

WTO

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Spanish only)". Mre.gov.py. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  2. ^ "Argentine embassy in Asuncion (in Spanish only)". Embajada-argentina.org.py. 1999-02-22. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  3. ^ "Bolivia and Paraguay agree border". BBC News. April 28, 2009. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Brazil and Paraguay in power deal". BBC News. July 25, 2009. Retrieved May 2, 2010. 
  5. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Asuncion (in Spanish)
  6. ^ Embassy of Paraguay in Mexico City (in Spanish)
  7. ^ "Paraguayan embassy in Lima (in Spanish only)". Mre.gov.py. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  8. ^ "Peruvian embassy in Asuncion (in Spanish only)". Embperu.com.py. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  9. ^ "Paraguayan embassy in Montevideo (in Spanish only)". Geocities.com. 2009-10-27. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  10. ^ Uruguayan embassy in Asuncion (in Spanish only)
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ "Embassy of Paraguay in Denmark". Paraguay.visahq.com. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ French embassy in Asuncion (in French and Spanish only)
  15. ^ "Paraguayan embassy in Moscow". Embapar.ru. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  16. ^ "Russia declares its intention to open a resident embassy in Asuncion". En.rian.ru. 2007-09-13. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  17. ^ Embassy of Paraguay in Madrid (in Spanish)
  18. ^ Embassy of Spain in Asuncion (in Spanish)
  19. ^ "Paraguayan embassy in London". Paraguayembassy.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  20. ^ http://dfat.gov.au/geo/paraguay/paraguay_brief.html
  21. ^ a b "Embajadas". Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  22. ^ "Embajada India". Mre.gov.py. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  23. ^ "Embapar Egipto". Mre.gov.py. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  24. ^ "General South African History Timeline". Sahistory.org.za. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  25. ^ "South Africa security cloaks Paraguay leader's state visit (Christian Science Monitor)". Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. 1974-04-10. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  26. ^ "Ex-Paraguay ruler buried in exile (BBC)". BBC News. 2006-08-18. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  27. ^ "Paraguayan embassy in Seoul". Embaparcorea.org. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  28. ^ "Korean embassy in Asuncion (in Korean and Spanish only)". Pry.mofat.go.kr. 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  29. ^ 《재외동포현황》 [Current Status of Overseas Compatriots], South Korea: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2009, retrieved 2009-05-21 
  30. ^ "U.S. Military Moves in Paraguay Rattle Regional Relations".  
  31. ^ US Marines put a foot in Paraguay, El Clarín, September 9, 2005 (Spanish)
  32. ^ "Paraguay cancels US troops deal - Americas". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  33. ^ "CIA World Factbook - Paraguay". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 

External links

  • Foreign Ministry of Paraguay (Spanish)
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