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Foreign relations of the Federated States of Micronesia

The government of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) conducts its own foreign relations. Since independence in 1986, the FSM has established diplomatic relations with a number of nations, including most of its Pacific neighbors.

Contents

  • Regional relations 1
  • Bilateral relations 2
    • Australia 2.1
    • Bangladesh 2.2
    • China 2.3
    • Cuba 2.4
    • India 2.5
    • Israel 2.6
    • Kosovo 2.7
    • Palau 2.8
    • United States 2.9
  • Membership in international organizations 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Regional relations

Regional cooperation through various multilateral organizations is a key element in FSM's foreign policy. FSM is a full member of the Pacific Islands Forum, the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission, the Pacific Regional Environment Programme and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community. The country also is one of the eight signatories of the Nauru Agreement Concerning Cooperation In The Management Of Fisheries Of Common Interest which collectively controls 25-30% of the world's tuna supply and approximately 60% of the western and central Pacific tuna supply [1].

Bilateral relations

Foreign relations of Micronesia

FSM has established diplomatic relations with 65 states,[1] the Holy See,[1] the Sovereign Military Order of Malta[1] and the European Union.[2]

The FSM maintains permanent embassies in four nations: China, Fiji, Japan and the United States. The FSM also maintains a resident consulate in Hawaii and Guam. The FSM maintains non-resident embassies for four nations: Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore (all in Japan) and Israel in Fiji. Four nations maintain permanent embassies in the FSM: Australia, China, Japan and the United States Additionally, 15 nations maintain non-resident embassies with the FSM. France and the United Kingdom have non-resident embassies for the FSM in Fiji. Canada, Italy and South Africa have non-resident embassies for the FSM in Australia. Indonesia has a non-resident embassy for the FSM in Japan. Chile has its non-resident embassies for the FSM in the United States. Croatia has its non-resident embassy for the FSM in Indonesia. Czech Republic, Finland, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and Switzerland have non-resident embassies in the Philippines. New Zealand has its non-resident embassy for the FSM in Kiribati.

Australia

Bangladesh

China

The People's Republic of China has close relations with the FSM both in terms of trade and foreign aid. Chinese aid projects have included among others the Giant Clam Farm Project in Kosrae, the Pilot Farm Project in Madolenihmw, the construction of a gymnasium on Pohnpei (officially named the FSM-China Friendship Sports Center), donation of police vehicles for the Yap state police, a facility to house the FSM's Tuna Commission, an expansion of the Chuuk State Airport Terminal, a biogas project on Chuuk, the construction of the Pohnpei Administration Building, and the construction of Kosrae High School Project. [3]

China is the FSM's third largest trade partner (after the United States and Japan), a fact marked by the rapid increase in trade between the two nations. As the Chinese Ambassador to the FSM Zhang Weidong observed on the 20th anniversary of relations between the two countries, trade between China and the FSM had gone from "almost zero to $9.5 million in 2007."[4]

Cuba

Micronesia was one of ten Pacific countries to send a government member to the first Cuba-Pacific Islands ministerial meeting, held in Havana in September 2008.[5][6] The aim of the meeting was to "strengthen cooperation" between Micronesia and Cuba, notably on addressing the impact of climate change.[7]

India

  1. ^ a b c FSM dates of establishment of diplomatic relations, missions and accreditations
  2. ^ External Service Directory - accreditations and responsibilities
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ "Cuban Foreign Minister Opens Cuba-Pacific Islands Meeting", Cuban News Agency, September 16, 2008
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ http://meaindia.nic.in/mystart.php?id=500415682
  9. ^
  10. ^ Micronesia recognises independence of Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2008-12-05
  11. ^ FSM Recognises Kosovo Act of Self-Determination, Government of the Federated States of Micronesia, 2008-12-05
  12. ^ The Republic of Kosovo establishes diplomatic relations with the Federated States of Micronesia, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2013-09-19
  13. ^ http://www.jihadwatch.org/2004/07/us-israel-australia-marshall-islands-micronesia-palau-the-great-anti-terror-powers.html
  14. ^ [4]

References

See also

The FSM is notably one of four UN-recognized nations with a sea border that is not a member of the International Hydrographic Organization.

The Federated States of Micronesia was admitted to the World Meteorological Organization.

Membership in international organizations

The Governments of the FSM and the U.S. signed the final version of the Compact of Free Association on October 1, 1982. The Compact went into effect on November 3, 1986, and the FSM became a sovereign nation in free association with the United States. Under the Compact, the U.S. has full authority and responsibility for the defense of the FSM. This security relationship can be changed or terminated by mutual agreement. The Compact provides U.S. grant funds and federal program assistance to the FSM. The basic relationship of free association continues indefinitely, but certain economic and defense provisions of the Compact expire in 2001, subject to renegotiation. Negotiations on extending the Compact began in November 1999. The United States is the FSM's largest trading partner. The relationship is heavily imbalanced. Of the FSM-US total balance of trade in goods in 2010 of US $38.3, the FSM imported $42.5 million in goods from the United States while exporting only US $4.2 million to the United States.[14] (see Economy of the Federated States of Micronesia).

United States

The Federated States of Micronesia and Palau share very good relations, as they are both bound by Compacts of Free Association with the United States.[13]

Palau

The Federated States of Micronesia officially recognised the independence of the Republic of Kosovo on 5 December 2008.[10][11] Kosovo and Micronesia established diplomatic relations on 19 September 2013.[12]

Kosovo

Israel has assisted the FSM in its early development. As one Micronesian diplomat said, "We need Israeli expertise, so I don't see a change in our policy anytime soon."

The foreign policy goals of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) are primarily linked to achieving economic development and protecting their vast marine environment. Israel was one of the first to welcome the FSM into the family of nations, even before the FSM became a member of the U.N. According to the FSM U.N. deputy ambassador, Micronesia has since sought close bilateral relations with Israel in areas such as agriculture, technical training and health care training.

The FSM is one of the most consistent supporters of Israel (along with the United States) in international affairs. Throughout the history of the United Nations General Assembly, it is claimed by some there has always been an "automatic majority" against Israel.[9] The United States has consistently opposed what it perceives as "unbalanced" "anti-Israel" resolutions and, in recent years, one other nation has joined Israel's defense — Micronesia.

Israel

[8]

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