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Four Level Interchange

Four Level Interchange
Bill Keene Memorial Interchange
Four Level Interchange of Arroyo Seco Parkway, Harbor Freeway, Santa Ana Freeway and Hollywood Freeway, looking northeast in January 1999
Location
Downtown Los Angeles, California
Coordinates:
Roads at
junction:
US 101
SR 110
Construction
Maintained by: Caltrans
Map

The Four Level Interchange (officially the Bill Keene Memorial Interchange) was the first stack interchange in the world.[1] Completed in 1949 and fully opened in 1953 at the northern edge of Downtown Los Angeles, California, United States, it connects U.S. Route 101 (Hollywood Freeway and Santa Ana Freeway) to State Route 110 (Harbor Freeway and Arroyo Seco Parkway).

Contents

  • Description 1
  • History 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Description

The highway is a stack interchange that connects U.S. Route 101, the Hollywood Freeway, to State Route 110, the Harbor Freeway. All movements are possible in this interchange between US 101, which crosses over SR 110, and the Harbor Freeway, but not necessarily with surrounding roads, like Sunset Boulevard, which crosses SR 110 just northeast of the interchange. The interchange is located at Exit 3 of US 101 and Exit 24A of SR 110.

History

While the highway oriented east–west at this intersection has consistently been numbered US 101, the numerical designation of road oriented north–south at this interchange has changed over the years. Originally designated U.S. Route 66 and U.S. Route 6 and later signed as State Route 11, all of these designations were eventually removed from the intersection and replaced with the current designation of Route 110.

In July 2006, the freeway interchange was officially named in honor of Bill Keene, former KNX and KNXT traffic and weather reporter, although the new name is rarely used. Keene referred to the interchange as "The Stacks" and the "4-H Interchange". During the 1960s, Dick Whittinghill on radio station KMPC sometimes called it the Four Letter Interchange.[2]

The interchange was constructed as a stack interchange because surrounding buildings and terrain made construction of a cloverleaf interchange impractical. The construction of the interchange displaced over 4000 people from their homes and cost $5.5 million - making it the most expensive half-mile of highway ever built at the time.[3] The mainline traffic of US 101 is at the top of the interchange, above the ramps, a rarity in stack interchanges. Its distinctive architecture has long made it a symbol of Los Angeles' post–World War II development, and it appears on numerous postcards from the 1950s and 1960s.[4]

References

  1. ^ Four Level interchange-Los Angeles-Orange County Frwys
  2. ^ Floodgap-Arroyo Seco Parkway
  3. ^ "The famous "four-level" opens in Los Angeles". History.com. History. Retrieved February 21, 2015. 
  4. ^ "California: District 11: 1954 Four Level Interchange". ca.gov. 

External links

  • L.A.'s Famous Four-Level Freeway Interchange, 'The Stack,' Turns 58 (kcet.org)
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