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Four big families of Hong Kong

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Four big families of Hong Kong

The Four big families of Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港四大家族)[1] are an initial group of Chinese families. Today, the Big Four families and their descendents are Fortune Global 500 companies with multinational corporations and listings from the London Stock Exchange to the New York Stock Exchange. Along with their European mostly British rivals in colonial Hong Kong, they were responsible for much of the foundations of the territory including its economy, finance, and trade, whilst the British government provided the first codified legal system which until then and in most of China today, was lacking. The four big families begin with the Chinese surname Li, Ho, Hui and Lo. Respectively the head of four families are Li Sek-peng (李石朋), Robert Ho (何東), Hui Oi-chow (許愛周) and Lo Man Kam (羅文錦).[1] Today the two families most recognizable by regular HK citizens are the Li and Ho group descendents.[1]

Families

The following families and their descendents are listed below. Each indentation is at least one generation down, but not necessarily the next generation. Not all the descendents are shown. Most members of these families have reached tycoon status.

Li family notables

Ho family notables

Hui family notables

Lo family notables

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Sing Tao Daily. Section C-4 HR news. 7/31/2007.
  2. ^ Chinese university of HK. "cuhk.edu." Opening Ceremony of Li Koon Chun Hall. The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Retrieved on 2008-11-23.
  3. ^ Chinese university of HK. "cuhk.edu." Mrs Daisy Li Woo Tze-ha. Retrieved on 2008-11-23.
  4. ^ Wenweipo. "Wenweipo.com." 港府救市事件簿. Retrieved on 2008-11-23.
  5. ^ Hong Kong university. "HKU.hk." Jessie Ho Professorship in Neuroscience 何馮月燕基金教授席(神經科學). Retrieved on 2008-11-23.
  6. ^ WhartonHK. "Whartonhongkong.com." Biography of Lawrence Ho. Retrieved on 2008-11-23.
  7. ^ The Standard HK. "The Standard.com." Chief condemns stadium violence. Retrieved on 2008-11-23.
  8. ^ SFOC. "SFOC." Elected officer. Retrieved on 2008-11-23.
  9. ^ Lo and Lo. "Lo and Lo.." About us. Retrieved on 2008-11-23.
  10. ^ News.gov.hk. "News.gov.hk." CE mourns Lo Tak-shing's death . Retrieved on 2008-11-23.

External links

  • Li Family in details at Zh.WorldHeritage
  • Ho Family in details in Zh.WorldHeritage
  • Lo Family in details in Zh.WorldHeritage
  • Hui Family in details in Zh.WorldHeritage
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