World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Franz Roubaud

Franz Roubaud
Born Franz Alekseyevich Roubaud
(1856-06-15)15 June 1856
Odessa, Russian Empire
Died 13 March 1928(1928-03-13) (aged 71)
Munich, Germany
Nationality Russian
Notable work panoramic painting

Franz Alekseyevich Roubaud (Франц Алексеевич Рубо) was a Russian painter who created some of the largest and best known panoramic paintings. He created circular paintings, exposed on a cylindrical surface and viewed from the inside. In this way, the viewers were given an outlook point from a high place, the painting was reproducing the original scene with high fidelity.


  • Biography 1
  • Works 2
    • List of works 2.1
    • Sevastopol Panorama 2.2
    • Battle of Borodino Panorama 2.3
    • Other works 2.4
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Viewing the panorama painting

Franz Roubaud was born on 3/15 June 1856 in Odessa to Honoré Fortuné Alexis Roubaud and his wife Madelaine née Sénèque. Franz was the fourth of five children in a Catholic family; his father was a bookseller and stationer, originally from Marseille.[1] He studied at the Odessa Drawing School. In 1877 Roubaud went to Munich and studied at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts.[2]

He then settled in Saint Petersburg, working in the Imperial Academy of Arts and painting huge panoramas of historical battles. In 1904-12 Roubaud taught at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts as a professor. During this time he painted the Siege of Sevastopol, a panorama painting. In the mid-19th century, the various panoramic paintings became a fashionable way to depict landscapes and historical events. The panorama was a 360-degree visual medium patented by the artist Robert Barker in 1787. This was a new thing for the time and for the audiences in Europe of this period theses paintings were a sensation. The paintings created a new illusion, transporting the viewer into a virtual reality, creating the perception of being physically present in the middle of the events. When standing in the middle of the 360 degree panorama this created the impression of standing in a new environment.[3]

He became renowned thanks to the giant panorama paintings he executed during his lifetime. Roubaud's works were so large that they required specially built pavilions to exhibit them. These paintings are one of the few panoramas still extant of a popular 19th century genre. The viewer stands in the centre of the circular panorama, and observes the various scenes whilst walking around and observing the panorama from different viewing angles.

In 1913 Roubaud left Russia for Germany, settling in Munich, where he lived for the rest of his life. He died on 13 March 1928.[4][5]


List of works

Circassian Horsemen at a River

Sevastopol Panorama

The Sevastopol Panorama is a giant painting depicting the siege of Sevastopol. The painting was exhibited in a rotunda, a specially built house in a circular form. The size of the painting is enormous, but it was a necessity for the realistic depiction of military scenes because of the huge amount of participants and the wide sweep of the scenery. Franz Roubaud worked on this painting for almost three years, starting in 1901. He researched the historical events by traveling to Sevastopol, reading about the battle and the historical documents that described the different scenes and incidents during the war. He also talked to surviving participants. Roubaud made his first sketches in Saint Petersburg. He kept working on the painting later at the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts where he decided to use a canvas of the size 14 m by 115 m. When he finished the painting it was displayed in Sevastopol in the summer of 1904, at the fiftieth anniversary of the defence of the city.[8]

Franz Roubaud Panorama «Siege of Sevastopol (1854–1855)»

Battle of Borodino Panorama

Franz Roubaud Panorama «Battle of Borodino»

Other works


  1. ^ Sugrobova-Roth, Olga. "Biography of Franz Roubaud". Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "Franz Roubaud A. Biographical index (Russian)". Retrieved October 2014. 
  3. ^ [Mieszkowski, Jan, Watching war, 2012, Stanford, California Stanford University Press,ISBN 978-0-8047-8240-1, p.91]
  4. ^ "Russian artists, Franz Roubaud (Russian)". Retrieved October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Borodino panorama". Retrieved October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Live Bridge - A Scene from the Russo-Persian War". Museum Syndicate. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  7. ^ Information by Jamila A. Dagirova, curator at the Dagestan museum of fine arts, 09 March 2015
  8. ^ Sevastopol Panorama

External links

  • Genealogy Franz Roubaud
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.