World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Fredrikstad

Municipality
Fredrikstad within Østfold
Fredrikstad within Østfold
Coordinates:
Country Norway
County Østfold
District Eastern Norway
Administrative centre Fredrikstad
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Jon Ivar Nygård (Ap)
Area
 • Total 285.9 km2 (110.4 sq mi)
 • Land 283 km2 (109 sq mi)
Area rank 283 in Norway
Population (2012)
 • Total 75,583
 • Rank 6 in Norway
 • Density 249/km2 (640/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 7.7 %
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-0106
Official language form Bokmål
Website .no.kommune.fredrikstadwww
Data from Statistics Norway
Ferrari 355 F1 Berlinetta on the Fredrikstad Bridge

Fredrikstad (   ; previously Frederiksstad; literally Fredrik's Town) is a city and municipality in Østfold county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Fredrikstad.

The city of Fredrikstad was founded in 1567 by Onsøy, Kråkerøy, and Rolvsøy were merged with Fredrikstad on 1 January 1994.

The city straddles the river Statistics Norway, these two municipalities have a total population of 128,916 with 75,583 in Fredrikstad and 53,333 in Sarpsborg.

Fredrikstad was built at the mouth of Glomma as a replacement after Sarpsborg (15 kilometres (9 miles) upstream) was burned down by the Swedes. Almost half the population of Sarpsborg stayed behind, and rebuilt their old town at its original site.

The city centre is on the west bank of the Glomma, while the old town on the east bank is Northern Europe's best preserved fortified town.

Fredrikstad used to have a large sawmill industry and was an important harbour for timber export, then later on shipbuilding, until the main yard was closed in the 1980s. The main industries are currently various chemical plants and other light industry.

In 2005, Fredrikstad was the final host port for the Tall Ships' Race, attracting thousands to the city.

Contents

  • General information 1
    • Name 1.1
    • Coat-of-arms 1.2
  • History 2
  • Fredrikstad Museum 3
  • Sport 4
  • Notable residents 5
  • International relations 6
    • Twin towns – sister cities 6.1
  • References 7
    • Footnotes 7.1
    • Literature 7.2
  • External links 8

General information

Name

The city was named after the Danish king Frederick II in 1569. The last element stad means "city".

Prior to 1877, the name was spelled Frederiksstad, then from 1877–1888 it was written as Fredriksstad, and finally since 1889 it has been spelled in its current form: Fredrikstad.

Coat-of-arms

The

  • Fredrikstad travel guide from Wikivoyage

External links

  • Aschehougs Konversasjonsleksikon, Bind 7. H. Aschehoug & Co, Oslo, 1969.

Literature

  1. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-13. 
  2. ^ (Østfoldmuseene Org)Fredrikstad museum
  3. ^ "Våre vennskapsbyer". Fredrikstad kommune. Retrieved 2008-12-16.  (Norwegian)
  4. ^ "Aalborg Twin Towns". Europeprize.net. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Hassinen, Raino. "Kotka - International co-operation: Twin Cities". City of Kotka. Retrieved 2013-10-22. 

Footnotes

References

City Region Country
[4] North Denmark Region  Denmark
Húsavík Suður-Þingeyjarsýsla  Iceland
Kotka[5] Kymenlaakso  Finland
Karlskoga Örebro  Sweden
Patzún Chimaltenango  Guatemala
San Martín Jilotepeque Chimaltenango  Guatemala
Zhuzhou Hunan  China
[3] with Fredrikstad:twinnedThe following cities are

Twin towns – sister cities

International relations

Notable residents

Fredrikstad is home to nine time Norwegian football champions Fredrikstad FK who play at the Fredrikstad Stadion.

Sport

Fredrikstad Museum is located in Old Fredrikstad. The museum shows the history of the city and the surrounding region. The museum also manages Elingaard Manor in Onsøy and Torgauten Fort. Fredrikstad Museum was founded in 1903. Since 2003, the museum's management has been located in Tøihuset in Old Town.[2]

Fredrikstad Museum

In the 1840s, timber exporting from Fredrikstad started to gain momentum. In the 1860s, several steam powered saws were built along the river, and in 1879 the railway reached Fredrikstad, leading to further growth. With the decline of the timber exports as a result of the modernization of wood-processing industries in the early 1900s, Fredrikstad's production changed to other types of products. It later became one of Norway's most important industrial centres, famous for its large shipyard, Fredrikstad Mekaniske Verksted.

The work on the fortifications was first led by William de Coucheron and later Johan Caspar von Cicignon. During the next 60 years, several fortifications at the Fredrikstad Fortress were built, including Isegran, Kongsten, and Cicignon. In 1735, a suburb on the western side of Glomma, Vestsiden, was founded. This part later grew faster than the old city, and became the dominant city centre. Most of the buildings in the old city burned down during a fire in 1764.

After Northern Seven Years' War, the ruling king, Frederik II of Denmark, decided by royal decree to rebuild the city 15 kilometres (9 mi) south of the original location. This new site's proximity to the sea and the accessible open land surrounding it made it a better location than the old one. The name Fredrikstad was first used in a letter from the King dated 6 February 1569. The temporary fortification built during the Hannibal War (1644–1645) between Sweden and Denmark-Norway, became permanent in the 1660s.

History

[1]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.