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Gadjah Mada University

Gadjah Mada University
Universitas Gadjah Mada
University symbol[1]
Established 1949
Type Public university
Rector Prof. Ir. Dwikorita Karnawati, M.Sc., Ph.D.[2]
Undergraduates 30,638 (as of 2011)
Postgraduates 7,600 (as of 2011)
Location Yogyakarta (main campus) and Jakarta, Indonesia
Campus Urban, 882 acres (357 ha)
Students 82,394 (2011 data, from Diploma to Postdoctoral)
Colors Light khaki     

Gadjah Mada University (Indonesian: Universitas Gadjah Mada; abbreviated as UGM) is a public research university located in Yogyakarta, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Officially founded on 19 December 1949,[4] three years after its first lecture was given on 13 March 1946, it is the oldest and largest institution of higher education in Indonesia, and considered one of the most prestigious.[5][6][7]

Comprising 18 faculties[8] and 27 research centers,[9] UGM offers 68 undergraduate, 23 diploma, 104 master and specialist, and 43 doctorate study programs, ranging from the Social Sciences to Engineering. The university has enrolled approximately 55,000 students, 1,187 foreign students, and has 2,500 faculty members. UGM maintains a campus of 360 acres (150 ha),[10] with facilities that include a stadium and a fitness center.[11]

UGM is implementing an "educopolis" campus atmosphere by creating a conducive learning environment—especially by developing multidisciplinary collaborations and by responding to ecological issues—in order to achieve the vision of the university. Some of the steps taken include construction of new dormitories on campus, development of pedestrian areas, reduction in pollution and vehicle exhaust emissions, restrictions on vehicles entering campus, development of parking pockets, and planting trees.[10]


  • History 1
  • Main buildings 2
  • Faculties and schools 3
    • Business school 3.1
    • Faculty of Medicine 3.2
    • International programs 3.3
      • International Medicine Programme 3.3.1
    • Computer Science International Undergraduate Programme 3.4
  • Research centers 4
  • Achievements 5
    • Rankings 5.1
    • Student achievement 5.2
  • Student life 6
    • Community service 6.1
    • Other activities 6.2
    • Other facilities 6.3
  • Notable alumni 7
    • University Rectors 7.1
    • Education 7.2
    • Economics 7.3
    • Health 7.4
    • Politics 7.5
    • Art and culture 7.6
    • Science and technology 7.7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


Dies Natalis celebrations in 1950
Entrance of former campus of the UGM's Faculty of Law near the Sultan's palace

UGM was the first state university in Indonesia, originally established as Universiteit Negeri Gadjah Mada (UNGM) when the Republic of Indonesia was just 3 years old and facing threats from the Netherlands, which wanted to regain control of the Republic. At that time, the capital of the Republic of Indonesia had moved from Jakarta to Jogjakarta.[12]

UGM was established through Government Regulation (PP) No. 23 of 1949, regarding the merger of colleges to form a university. Although these regulations were dated 16 December 1949, the UGM's inauguration took place on 19 December 1949. 19 December was intentionally chosen to alleviate the grief caused by the invasion of the city of Yogyakarta the year before. Additionally, it was meant to show the world that exactly a year after the Netherlands had returned to Indonesia (19 December 1948), the Government of Indonesia would be able to establish a nationwide university.[12]

When founded, UGM had six faculties: Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmacy; Law, Social and Political Sciences; Engineering; Letters, Pedagogy and Philosophy; Agriculture; and Veterinary Medicine.

From 1952 until 1972, the Faculty of Law, Social and Political Sciences was split into two faculties: the Surabaya branch of the Faculty of Law, Social, and Political Sciences; and the Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, which was integrated into IKIP Yogyakarta (now Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta [UNY]).

During its initial years the university used the buildings and other facilities belonging to the Kraton of Yogyakarta (Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX's palace). UGM gradually established a campus of its own in Bulaksumur on the northern side of Yogyakarta. The university now occupies an area of three square kilometres.

Main buildings

Balairung, the university's central administration offices

The UGM main building is the Balairung (rectorate building), in Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta, 55281. Nearby is the Graha Sabha Pramana – a large building utilized for graduation ceremonies - with an adjoining square used for sport and recreation.[13] There are also a university library and a sports center consisting of a stadium, tennis court, and basketball field.

Faculties and schools

The UGM administration is divided into 18 faculties, offering study programs from the undergraduate to the doctoral level.[8] There is an integrated graduate school that manages study programs outside those offered by the 18 faculties,[14] and one vocational school offering other vocational study programmes.[15]

Business school

In 1988, UGM opened a master's programme in management (MM-UGM), especially designed to train students in business practices. The business school is a collaboration with the University of Kentucky and Temple University.

Faculty of Medicine

Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada is one of the oldest medical schools in Indonesia, having been established on 5 March 1946. It is ranked number 72 by the Times Higher Education Supplement 2006 for biomedicine.[16]

International programs

  • Faculty of Medicine[17]
  • Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
  • Faculty of Cultural Sciences
  • Faculty of Social and Political Sciences
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Economics and Business

International Medicine Programme

Starting in 2002, UGM began offering an English-language-based medicine programme for overseas and Indonesian students to study medicine with an international standard curriculum.[18] The International Medicine Programme is over a period of five years, with the first three and a half years being study and a further one and a half years of clinical rotations. The programme is designed around a problem based learning approach, making use of small study groups.

Computer Science International Undergraduate Programme

The CSIUP began in the 2012 academic year. It offers undergraduate computer science classes in English. Its strength lies in algorithm and software design, intelligent systems, programmable logic and embedded systems, and mobile computing. The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences has been teaching Computer Science courses since 1987 (BSc), 2000 (MSc), and 2003 (PhD), organized jointly by the Department of Mathematics and the Department of Physics, which has also offered courses in Electronics and Instrumentation since 1987 (BSc). In 2010, the Department of Computer Science and Electronics (DCSE) was formed by merging Computer Science resources within the Department of Mathematics with the Electronics and Instrumentation group within the Department of Physics. Students of DCSE have consistently won gold medals in robotics competitions both nationally and internationally (in Korea in 2012 with a humanoid robot, and in the USA in 2013 with a legged robot).

Research centers

UGM has 27 university-level research centers in various fields:[9]

  1. Center for Agro Ecology Studies
  2. Center for Asia and Pacific Studies
  3. Center for Biological Control Studies
  4. Center for Biotechnology Studies
  5. Center for Clinical Pharmacology and Medicine Policy Studies
  6. Center for Cultural Studies
  7. Center for Economic and Democracy Studies
  8. Center for Economic and Public Policy Studies
  9. Center for Energy Studies
  10. Center for Environmental Studies
  11. Center for Food and Nutrition Studies
  12. Center for German Studies
  13. Center for Japanese Studies
  14. Center for Land and Resources Studies
  15. Center for Marine Resource and Technology Studies
  16. Center for Natural Disasters Studies
  17. Center for Pancasila (State Ideology) Studies
  18. Center for Population and Policy Studies
  19. Center for Regional Planning and Development Studies
  20. Center for Rural and Regions Studies
  21. Center for Security Studies and Peace
  22. Center for Southeast Asian Social Studies
  23. Center for Tourism Studies
  24. Center for Transportation and Logistics Studies
  25. Center for Women Studies
  26. Center for World Trade Studies
  27. Research Center for Engineering Science

UGM also maintains the Integrated Research and Testing Laboratory (LPPT), which is the university’s central laboratory.[19]


In 2013, the chemistry undergraduate program of UGM has received accreditation from the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) in the United Kingdom. RSC is the biggest international organization in Europe committed to the development of chemical science. The announcement was conveyed to the university through an email. The accreditation is effective from 5 March 2013, until March 2018. It was the first international accreditation ever received by the university.[20]


Ranking system World Asia Southeast Asia Indonesia
QS World University Rankings 2011[21] 342 118 1
Webometrics 2012[22] 381 50 9 1
4ICU 2012[23] 401 1
4ICU 2013[24] 26 1
eSemar Xperimental

Student achievement

  • 1st winner of Fire Fighting category, 1st winner of Stand Balancing, and 2nd winner of Walker Challenge, Robogames competition, USA 2012[25]
  • 3rd Best Memorial Award Asia Cup 2012. International Law Moot Court Competition Asia Cup 2012, Japan[26]
  • The Best Technical Innovation Award for eSemar Xperimental, Shell Eco-Marathon (SEM) 2011, Malaysia[27]
  • Winner of Outstanding Achievement in 62nd Intel International Science and Engineering Fair – China Association for Science and Technology 2011, USA[28]
  • 1st winner of Creative Robot, The 13th International Robot Olympiad 2011, Indonesia
  • The Standard CM Category Award, 7th GATSBY Student CM Award[29]

Student life

Community service

As a contribution to society, UGM organizes a community service called KKN-PPM. It is a must for undergraduate students to attend KKN, since it is one of the requirements to graduate with a bachelor's degree. KKN-PPM is a research-based community service offered three times each academic year, in the middle of both the odd semester and even semester and between these two semesters. Not only local students joining the KKN, but also international academicians, including lecturers and students, are regularly involved in KKN-PPM UGM. In 2011, 150 international students participated in KKN-PPM, coming from many countries, such as South Korea, Australia, France, the USA and Norway.

Other activities

The Sports Activities Unit is coordinated by the Secretariat of Joint Sports, and the Arts Unit is coordinated by the Joint Secretariat of Arts.[30]

Sports Unit activities include Swimming, Diving, Inkai Karate, Kempo, Black Scorpion Karate, Pencak Silat Merpati Putih, Self Periasi Pencak Silat, Pencak Silat Pro Patria, Pencak Silat Setia Heart of the Lotus, Tae Kwon Do, Judo, Hockey, Soccer, Softball, Volleyball, Basketball, Athletics, Equestrian, Bridge, Badminton, Chess, and Tennis.

Arts Unit activities include Arts Gaya Yogyakarta (Swagayugama), Art Style Surakarta, Balinese dance, New Creative dance, Photography, Gamma Band, Marching band, Keroncong, Student Choir, Theatre, and Arts.

Specific Activities Unit activities include Publisher Student Press Agency, Mapagama, Student Health Unit, Scout, Satmenwa, Cooperative Students "Kopma UGM", and AIESEC.

Spirituality Units include the Unit of Islamic Spirituality (Jama Saladin), Unit of Catholic Spirituality, Christian Spirituality Unit, Hindu Spirituality Unit, Buddhism and Spiritual Unit.

Reasoning Unit activities include the Interdisciplinary Unit of Scientific Reasoning, Gama Scholar Reasoning Unit, and English Debating Society.

Other facilities

Madya Stadium, the softball/baseball field, and the tennis courts are located in the valley of UGM. The stadium can be used for football, athletics, hockey, and several other activities. These facilities are not only available to UGM students and staff but may also be utilized by the general public after obtaining permission.[31] [32]

The Student Center Hall is not only used for sports activities such as basketball, volleyball, badminton, and martial arts, but also for exhibitions and artistic performances.

The open field in the valley of UGM can be used for musical performances or other student activities that require a wide open space.

Notable alumni

University Rectors


  • Anies Baswedan – Minister of Culture and Primary & Secondary Education


  • Boediono – former member of the Government Cabinet as Coordinative Minister of Economics, former Governor of Central Bank Indonesia, and Vice President of Indonesia 2009-2014



Art and culture

Science and technology

  • Teuku Jacob – Rector, physician, anatomist, palaeoanthropologist
  • Herman Johannes – Rector, former Minister of Public Works 1950–1951

See also


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External links

  • Official website

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