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Gaillardia pulchella

Firewheel redirects here, for the Garland, Texas, shopping center see Firewheel Town Center
Gaillardia pulchella
Indian blanket
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Gaillardia
Species: G. pulchella
Binomial name
Gaillardia pulchella
Foug., 1788
Synonyms[1]
Firewheel or Indian Blanket

Gaillardia pulchella (firewheel, Indian blanket, Indian blanketflower, Indian paintbrush, or sundance), is a North American species of short-lived perennial or annual flowering plants in the sunflower family. It is native to northern Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Sonora, Tamaulipas) and the southern and central United States from Arizona east to Florida and the Carolinas and north as far as Nebraska. It is also naturalized in scattered locations in other parts of the United States as well as in Québec, Ontario, China, South Africa, and parts of South and Central America.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

Contents

  • Growth 1
  • Characteristics 2
  • Cultivars 3
  • Distribution 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Growth

The branching stem of Gaillardia pulchella is hairy and upright, growing to 60 cm (2 ft) tall. The leaves are alternate, mostly basal, 4–8 cm long, with edges smooth to coarsely toothed or lobed. The pinwheel, daisy-like inflorescences are 4–6 cm in diameter, vividly colored with red, orange and yellow. The central disc florets of the flower head tend to be more red-violet, with the outer ray florets being yellow. In one variety, almost the entire flower is red, with only the barest tips of the petals touched with yellow. It blooms practically year-round in some areas, but more typically in summer to early fall. The fruit is an achene.[9][10]

Characteristics

Gaillardia pulchella is a hardy plant, not picky about soil, though sandy and well-drained are best. It has a high drought tolerance and does best with a dry, hot climate in full sun. Its vibrantly colored flowers can be seen carpeting fields and the sides of highways for miles in the summer to late fall. Favored by honeybees, it produces a dark reddish amber buttery tasting honey. In the garden, the flowers can be removed/deadheaded to promote further blooming. It self-seeds freely.

Cultivars

Blooming Indian blanket

Gaillardia pulchella (with the perennial Gaillardia aristata) is the parent of Gaillardia x grandiflora, a hybrid, from which several cultivars have been created. One of these is 'Sundance Bicolor', a perennial double-form with the flower heads having florets of alternating red and yellow. Because of its bright colors, it is well adapted in the sun. Others are 'Goblin' and 'Tangerine'.[11][12]

Distribution

It is the state wildflower of Oklahoma. The flower has also been introduced to the Penghu Islands in Taiwan, where it is the County Flower of Penghu County. It is called "天人菊" ("Tianren Daisy") in Chinese.[13]

Gaillardia pulchella 'Torch Yellow'

References

  1. ^ Foug.Gaillardia pulchellaThe Plant List,
  2. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  3. ^ Turner, B. L. 2013. The comps of Mexico. A systematic account of the family Asteraceae (chapter 11: tribe Helenieae). Phytologia Memoirs 16: 1–100
  4. ^ Jørgensen, P. M., M. H. Nee & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 2014. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia, Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127(1–2): i–viii, 1–1744
  5. ^ Nelson, C. H. 2008. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Honduras 1–1576. Secretaria de Recursos Naturales y Ambiente, Tegucigalpa
  6. ^ Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  7. ^ tian ren ju天人菊 Fougeroux, 1788. Gaillardia pulchellaFlora of China,
  8. ^ Gaillardia pulchellaUnited States Department of Agriculture Plant Profile:
  9. ^ Fougeroux, 1788. Firewheel, Indian blanketGaillardia pulchellaFlora of North America:
  10. ^ Gaillardia pulchellaGermplasm Resources Information Network:
  11. ^ 'Sundance Bicolor'Gaillardia pulchellaColorado State University:
  12. ^ 'Sundance Bicolor'GaillardiaSeeds and More:
  13. ^ "Penghu County Flower". 

External links

  • Image Archive of Central Texas Plants
  • Ajilvsgi, Geyata. Wildflowers of Texas. Shearer Publishing, revised edition 2003. ISBN 0-940672-73-1
  • Gaillardia pulchellaFloridata:
  • Gaillardia pulchellaKansas Wildflower Series, Brief article with High-res photography of
  • Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Indian Blanket
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