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Title: Genderqueer  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Androgyny, Third gender, Gender identity, List of transgender-related topics, Pangender
Collection: Gender Identity, Genderqueer, Lgbt, Neologisms, Postmodern Theory, Queer, Third Gender, Transgender Identities
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Genderqueer (GQ; alternatively non-binary) is a catch-all category for gender identities that are not exclusively masculine or feminine—identities which are thus outside of the gender binary and cisnormativity.[1] Genderqueer people may identify as one or more of the following:

  • having an overlap of, or indefinite lines between, gender identity;[2]
  • having two or more genders (being bigender, trigender, or pangender);
  • having no gender (being agender, nongendered, genderless, genderfree or neutrois);
  • moving between genders or having a fluctuating gender identity (genderfluid);[3] or
  • being third-gender or other-gendered, a category which includes those who do not place a name to their gender.[4]

Some genderqueer people[5][6] also desire physical modification or hormones to suit their preferred expression. Many genderqueer people see gender and sex as separable aspects of a person and sometimes identify as a male woman or a female man, or combine genderqueer with another gender option.[7] It can be helpful for some people to consider gender and sex as two separate things.[8] Genders can include, but are in no way limited to, man/woman, bigender, agender, non-binary, etc. Gender identity is defined as one's internal sense of being a woman, man, both, or neither, while sexual orientation refers to an individual's enduring physical, romantic, and/or emotional attraction to others.[6] As such, genderqueer people have a variety of sexual orientations, just like transgender and cisgender people do.[9]

In addition to being an umbrella term, genderqueer has been used as an adjective to refer to any people who transgress distinctions of gender, regardless of their self-defined gender identity, i.e. those who "queer" gender, expressing it non-normatively.[10] Androgynous is frequently used as a descriptive term for people in this category, though genderqueer people may express a combination of masculinity and femininity, or neither, in their gender expression, and not all identify as androgynous. However, the term has been applied by those describing what they see as a gender ambiguity.[11] Some references use the term transgender broadly, in such a way that it includes genderqueer.[12][13][14]

A flag with lavender on top, white in the middle and dark chartreuse green on the bottom.
Genderqueer pride flag


  • Gender terms 1
    • General 1.1
    • Agender 1.2
  • Gender neutrality 2
  • Discrimination 3
    • United States 3.1
  • Notable people with non-binary gender identities 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7

Gender terms


Some genderqueer people prefer to use gender-neutral pronouns such as one, ze, sie, hir, co, ey or singular "they", "their" and "them", while others prefer the conventional binary pronouns "her" or "him". Some genderqueer people prefer to be referred to alternately as he and she, and some prefer to use only their name and not use pronouns at all.[15]

Many genderqueer people prefer additional neutral language, such as the title "Mx" instead of Mr. or Ms.[16]

Genderqueer was one of 56 gender identity options added to Facebook in February 2014.[17]


Agender (from 'a-', meaning "without", and 'gender') people, also called genderless, genderfree, non-gendered, or ungendered people[18][19] are those who identify as having no gender or being without any gender identity.[20] This category includes a very broad range of identities which do not conform to traditional gender norms. However, Enke notes that people who identify with any of these positions may not necessarily self-identify as transgender.[21]

Neutrois and agender were two of 50 available "custom" genders on Facebook, which were added on February 13, 2014.[22] Agender is also available as a gender option on OkCupid since 17 November 2014.[23]

Gender neutrality

Gender neutrality is the movement to end discrimination of gender altogether in society through means of gender-neutral language, the end of sex segregation, and other means.


Asia's first Genderqueer Pride Parade at Madurai with Anjali Gopalan[24]

United States

The majority of respondents to the National Transgender Discrimination Survey chose "A gender not listed here." The Q3GNLH (Question 3 Gender Not Listed Here) respondents reported being 9 percentage-points (33%) more likely to forgo healthcare due to fear of discrimination than the general sample (36% compared to 27%). 90% reported experiencing anti-trans bias at work and 43% reported having attempted suicide.[25]

Notable people with non-binary gender identities

See also


  1. ^ Usher, Raven, ed. (2006). North American Lexicon of Transgender Terms.  
  2. ^ Brill, Stephanie A.; Pepper, Rachel (28 June 2008). The Transgender Child: A Handbook for Families and Professionals.  
  3. ^ Winter, Claire Ruth (2010). Understanding Transgender Diversity: A Sensible Explanation of Sexual and Gender Identities. CreateSpace.  
  4. ^ Beemyn, Brett Genny (2008). "Genderqueer". glbtq: An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture.  
  5. ^ "Transgender (adj.)". Stylebook Supplement on LGBT Terminology.  
  6. ^ a b "Transgender Glossary of Terms". GLAAD Media Reference Guide.  
  7. ^ Walsh, Reuben (December 2010). "More T, vicar? My experiences as a genderqueer person of faith". All God's Children ( 
  8. ^ "WHO – World Health Organization". 
  9. ^  
  10. ^ Dahir, Mubarak (25 May 1999). "Whose Movement Is It?".  
  11. ^ Girshick, Lori B. (2008). Transgender Voices: Beyond Women and Men.  
  12. ^ Johanna Schorn. "Taking the "Sex" out of Transsexual: Representations of Trans Identities in Popular Media" (PDF). Inter-Disciplinary.Net. Universität zu Köln. p. 1. Retrieved 23 October 2014. The term transgender is an umbrella term "and generally refers to any and all kinds of variation from gender norms and expectations" (Stryker 19). Most often, the term transgender is used for someone who feels that the sex assigned to them at birth does not reflect their own gender identity. They may identify as the gender ‘opposite’ to their assigned gender, or they may feel that their gender identity is fluid, or they may reject all gender categorizations and identify as agender or genderqueer. 
  13. ^ Marc E. Vargo (30 Nov 2011). """A Review of " Please select your gender: From the invention of hysteria to the democratizing of transgenderism (PDF). Journal of GLBT Family Studies (New York/London: Routledge) 7 (5): 2 (493).  
  14. ^ Kirstin Cronn-Mills (2014). "IV. Trans*spectrum. Identities". Transgender Lives: Complex Stories, Complex Voices. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 24.  
  15. ^  
  16. ^ Ruth Pearce (July 21, 2011). "Non-gendered titles see increased recognition". Lesbilicious. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  17. ^ Weber, Peter (February 21, 2014). "Confused by All the New Facebook Genders? Here's What They Mean.". Slate. Retrieved March 2, 2014. 
  18. ^ "LGBTQ Needs Assessment" (PDF). Encompass Network. April 2013. pp. 52–53. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  19. ^ "Gender alphabet" (PDF). Safe Homes. p. 1. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  20. ^ A. Stiffler (23 April 2014). "Five Things You Should Know About Your Agender Acquaintance". 
  21. ^ Enke, Anne (2012). "Note on terms and concepts". In Enke, Anne. Transfeminist Perspectives In and Beyond Transgender and Gender Studies.  
  22. ^ Facebook sex changes: which one of 50 genders are you?. The Daily Telegraph. February 14, 2014.
  23. ^ "OkCupid expands gender and sexuality options". PBS NewsHour. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  24. ^ "One Who Fights For an Other". The New Indian Express. 
  25. ^ Harrison, Jack; Grant, Jaime; Herman, Jody L. "A Gender Not Listed Here: Genderqueers, Gender Rebels, and OtherWise in the National Transgender Discrimination Survey" (PDF). 

Further reading

  • Fine, Cordelia (2011). Delusions of Gender: How Our Minds, Society, and Neurosexism Create Difference (Reprint ed.). New York:  
  • Hines, Melissa (2005). Brain Gender.  
  • Peterson, Tim Trace; Tolbert, T. C., eds. (2013). Troubling the Line: Trans and Genderqueer Poetry and Poetics.  
  • Scout, Ph.D. (23 July 2013). "(A) Male, (B) Female, (C) Both, (D) Neither".  
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