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Governorate of New Andalusia

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Title: Governorate of New Andalusia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Governorates of the Spanish Empire, Spanish colonization of the Americas, LGBT history in Paraguay, Colonial Argentina, List of national parks of Paraguay
Collection: 1534 Establishments in South America, 1534 Establishments in the Spanish Empire, 1549 Disestablishments in South America, 1549 Disestablishments in the Spanish Empire, Captaincy General of Chile, Colonial Argentina, Colonial Brazil, Colonial Paraguay, Colonial Peru, Former Colonies in South America, Former Spanish Colonies, Governorates of the Spanish Empire, History of Chile, History of Guyana, History of Paraguay, History of Peru, History of South America, History of Uruguay, Spanish Colonization of the Americas, States and Territories Disestablished in 1549, States and Territories Established in 1534
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Governorate of New Andalusia

The adelantado grants of Charles V prior to the establishment of the Viceroyalty of Peru.

New Andalusia Governorate was one of the governorates of the Spanish Empire.

It was created as one of King Charles V's grants of 1534, establishing the adelantado Pedro de Mendoza as its first governor, captain general, and chief justice. The territory was described as extending 200 leagues down the Pacific coast from Diego de Almagro's grant of New Toledo, but was understood to involve the exploration, pacification, and settlement of the Río de la Plata along the Atlantic.

While this province in theory included all of modern Uruguay and Paraguay and large segments of Chile, Argentina and Brazil, the adelantados were only able to effectively colonize the Paraná River, losing other territories to subsequent grants.

After the establishment of the Viceroyalty of Peru, it was replaced by the Governorate of the Río de la Plata under the supervision of the Audience of Lima.

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