World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies


Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

Established 1927[1]
Type Semi-private
Director Philippe Burrin
Academic staff 59 professors, 9 lecturers, 25 visiting[2]
Students 785 (83% international)[2]
Location Geneva, Switzerland
Campus Urban
Former names The Graduate Institute of International Studies (1927–2007)
Working languages English and French
Nickname The Graduate Institute, IHEID, HEI
Affiliations Europaeum, APSIA, EUA, ECUR, EADI, AUF

The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (French: Institut de hautes études internationales et du développement, abbreviated to IHEID) is a postgraduate university located in Geneva, Switzerland. In academic and professional circles, the Graduate Institute is considered one of Europe's most prestigious institutions.[3][4][5] The Institute's alumni and current/former faculty include ambassadors, foreign ministers, heads of state, former Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan, seven Nobel prize recipients, and one Pulitzer prize winner. It specializes in the fields of political science, international relations, international law, international economics, international history, anthropology and development studies.[6]

The school has a diverse student body and cosmopolitan character due to its 80 percent intake of international students, of over 100 nationalities.[2] It is located blocks from the World Health Organization.

It is a full member of the Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs, a group of the world's top schools in international affairs, and accredited by the Swiss government as an independent academic institution.

The Graduate Institute is continental Europe's oldest school of international relations (Aberystwyth University in Wales was founded in 1919) and was the first university dedicated solely to the study of international affairs. It offered one of the first doctoral programs in international relations in the world. In 2008, the Graduate Institute of International Studies absorbed the Graduate Institute of Development Studies, a smaller post-graduate institution also based in Geneva. The merger resulted in the current Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies.[7]

In 2013, the school inaugurated its new campus, the Maison de la paix.[8]


  • History 1
  • Degree programs 2
    • Master of Arts in International Affairs (MIA) 2.1
    • Master of Arts in Development Studies (MDEV) 2.2
    • Disciplinary Master of Arts (MA) 2.3
    • Master of Law in International Law (LL.M.) 2.4
    • Joint master programs 2.5
    • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2.6
    • Executive masters 2.7
  • Campus 3
    • Maison de la paix 3.1
    • Historic villas 3.2
    • Campus expansion 3.3
  • Research 4
    • Programs and Research Centers 4.1
    • Affiliated Programs and Initiatives 4.2
  • Accreditation and Academic Partners 5
  • Publications 6
  • Organization 7
    • Legal status 7.1
    • Foundation Board 7.2
    • Administration 7.3
  • Alumni 8
    • Nobel Laureates 8.1
    • Heads of State 8.2
    • Cabinet and Government Members 8.3
    • Diplomats 8.4
    • Law 8.5
    • United Nations and International Organizations 8.6
    • Public Policy 8.7
    • Members of Parliament and Public Servants 8.8
    • Academia 8.9
    • Private sector 8.10
    • Writers and Journalists 8.11
    • Miscellaneous 8.12
  • Prominent faculty 9
    • Former 9.1
    • Current 9.2
  • Notes and references 10
  • Bibliography 11
  • See also 12
  • External links 13


The Villa Barton campus on the shores of Lake Geneva.

The Graduate Institute of International Studies was co-founded in 1927 by two scholar–diplomats working for the

  • The Graduate Institute website
  • Map of the campus
  • Globe -- The Graduate Institute Review
  • Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies on Twitter
  • Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies on Facebook
  • Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies's channel on YouTube

External links

See also

  • The Graduate Institute of International Studies Geneva: 75 years of service towards peace through learning and research in the field of international relations, The Graduate Institute, 2002.


  1. ^ "Mission Statement". Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Factsheet: The Institute in 2012" (PDF). Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "The Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva". Study iHub. September 13, 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  4. ^ "Kendra Magraw ('10) Accepted at Geneva's Prestigious IHEID". University of Minnesota. September 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  5. ^ 
  6. ^ "Academic Departments". Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Fondation pour l’étude des relations internationales et du développement, Genève: Statuts de la fondation et composition du premier conseil de fondation". (in French). Département fédéral de l'intérieur. 16 May 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  8. ^ Dufour, Nicolas (26 September 2013). """La Maison de la paix, "une effervescence pour Genève. Le Temps. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c Peter, Ania (1938). "William E. Rappard and the League of Nations: A Swiss contribution to international organization". The League of Nations in Retrospect: Proceedings of the Symposium. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 221–222.  
  10. ^ a b c "Still Generating the Geneve Internationale". The European Review. Volume 5, Issue 2. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Gunnar Myrdal". Encyclopædia Britannica Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  12. ^
  13. ^ "Rentrée académique". Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  14. ^ "Diplomas". Retrieved February 2014. 
  15. ^ a b Sophie Davaris (December 3, 2008). "IHEID dévoile son campus et la future Maison de la paix". Tribune de Genève (in French). Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  16. ^ Philippe Burrin (Spring 2009). "A US$ 10 Million Grant from Mrs Kathryn Davis". Globe No. 3. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  17. ^ "La Fondation Pictet pour le développement donne 25 millions à la Genève internationale". Le Temps (in French). Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  18. ^ IHEID (2013). "Domaine de Penthes". Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  19. ^ "The Foundation". IHEID. 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  20. ^ "Bund finanziert Genf neue Hochschule". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). 28 May 2006. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  21. ^ Roderic Ai Camp, Mexican Political Biographies, 1935-1993, Austin, University of Texas Press, 1995.
  22. ^ "Hans Joachim Morgenthau". Encyclopædia Britannica Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 

Notes and references

  • Jean-Louis Arcand — Professor of International Economics, Director of the Centre for Finance and Development
  • Richard Baldwin — Professor of International Economics.
  • Thomas J. Biersteker — Curt Gasteyger Professor of International Security, Council on Foreign Relations scholar and former director of the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University.
  • Andrew Clapham — Professor of International Law, former Representative of Amnesty International at the United Nations, and former Adviser on International Humanitarian Law to the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General in Iraq.
  • Pierre-Marie Dupuy — Professor of International Law, whose Droit international public is "one of the best known French international law textbooks" according to the European Society of International Law.
  • Faisal Devji — Yves Oltramar Chair of Religion and Politics, noted historian of Islam.
  • Keith Krause — Professor of International Relations, director of the Small Arms Survey.
  • Jussi Hanhimäki — Professor of International History, recipient of the 2002 Bernath Prize for his book The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy.
  • Ilona Kickbusch — Adjunct Professor, leading thinker in the fields of health promotion and global health.
  • Giacomo Luciani — Leading scholar on the geopolitics of energy.
  • Joost Pauwelyn — Professor of International Law, famous scholar in WTO law and public international law.
  • Jakob Kellenberger — former president of the ICRC, professor of humanitarian action.
  • Marcelo Kohen — Professor of International Law, scholar with experience practicing before the International Court of Justice.
  • Nico Krisch — Professor of International Law specializing in constitutional theory, and global governance.
  • Nicolas Michel — Professor of International Law, former Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and United Nations Legal Counsel.
  • Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou — Professor of International History, former Foreign Minister of Mauritania and acclaimed Al Qaeda specialist.
  • Ugo Panizza — Pictet Professor of Development and Finance.
  • Martin Riesebrodt — Yves Oltramar Professor of Religion and Politics.
  • Timothy Swanson — André Hoffmann Professor of Environmental Economics.
  • Charles Wyplosz — Professor of International Economics, regular columnist in the Financial Times, Le Monde, Libération, Le Figaro, Finanz und Wirtschaft, and Handelsblatt.



Prominent faculty


  • Frédéric Bastien (PhD) — Canadian author and historian.
  • Robert Albert Bauer ('31) — anti-Nazi radio broadcaster with Voice of America.
  • René Cruse — French public intellectual, writer.
  • Carlos Fuentes ('50) — Acclaimed Mexican novelist and essayist.
  • Eric Hoesli — Swiss journalist.
  • Michel Jeanneret (Licence) — Editor in chief of L'Illustré.
  • Beat Kappeler (PhD '70) — Swiss journalist.
  • Helen Kirkpatrick (DEA) — American war correspondent during the Second World War.
  • Esther Mamarbachi (DEA '92) — Swiss broadcast journalist.
  • Derek B. Miller (PhD '04) — American novelist.
  • Malika Nedir (Diploma) — Swiss news anchor.
  • Jean-Pierre Péroncel-Hugoz (PhD '74) — French journalist and essayist.
  • Nicolas Rossier ('95) — American filmmaker and reporter.
  • Pierre Ruetschi (Licence '83) — Swiss journalist.
  • Jon Woronoff (Licence '65) — American writer and East Asian specialist.
Carlos Fuentes: alumnus, Mexican novelist and essayist

Writers and Journalists

  • Ralph D. Crosby Jr. (DEA '76) — CEO of Airbus Group Inc. (formerly EADS North America) between 2002 and 2009.
  • Nobuyuki Idei (did not graduate '63) — Founder and CEO of Quantum Leaps Corporation, Chairman and Group CEO of Sony Corporation between 1999 and 2005.
  • Martin Kupka — Chief economist of Československá obchodní banka.
  • Rick Gilmore (PhD '71) — President/CEO of the GIC Group and Council on Foreign Relations scholar.
  • Philipp Hildebrand (DEA '90) — Vice President of BlackRock and former President of the Swiss National Bank.
  • Léon Lambert — Prominent Belgian banker.
  • Lynn Forester de Rothschild (Fellow '78-'79) — CEO of E.L. Rothschild.
  • Frank Melloul (Licence '99) — CEO of i24news.
  • Brad Smith (DEA '84) — Senior Vice President and General Counsel, Microsoft Corporation.
  • Rafael Tiago Juk Benke — Global Head of Corporate Affairs of Brazilian multinational Vale.
  • G. Richard Thoman — American businessman who was President and CEO of Xerox Corporation.

Private sector

  • Georges Abi-Saab (PhD) — preeminent Egyptian international law specialist.
  • Antony Alcock (PhD '68) — Historian expert on European minorities.
  • Laurence Boisson de Chazournes (PhD '91) — Professor of international law at the University of Geneva.
  • Michael Bothe (diploma '66) — Professor of Public Law, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, and Chair of the Commission for International Humanitarian Law.
  • Andrew W. Cordier ('30-'31) — former President of Columbia University (1968–70).
  • Victoria Curzon-Price (PhD) — Economist and former director of the Mont Pelerin Society.
  • Wolfgang F. Danspeckgruber (PhD '94) — Austrian political scientist at Princeton University, expert on self-determination.
  • Marwa Daoudy (PhD) — political scientist specializing in the Middle East.
  • Paul Demeny — Pioneered the concept of Demeny voting.
  • Paul Dembinski — scholar specialized on finance and ethics.
  • Ion Diaconu — Professor of International Law, University of Bucharest.
  • André Donneur (PhD '67) — Canadian political scientist.
  • Rüdiger DornbuschMIT international economist.
  • Willem Thomas Eijsbouts (DEA '71) — Professor of European law at Leiden University.
  • Osita C. Eze (PhD '75) — former director-general of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs.
  • Marcus Fleming — Scottish economist, former deputy director of the research department of the International Monetary Fund.
  • Rickard Forslid — Professor of Economics, Stockholm University.
  • Cary Fraser — Historian of international relations and president of the University of Guyana.
  • Saul Friedländer (PhD '63) — Israeli historian of Germany and Jewish history at UCLA, awarded the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction.
  • Piero Gleijeses (PhD '72) — Italian historian of U.S. foreign relations at the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns Hopkins, best known for his scholarly studies of Cuban foreign policy under Fidel Castro.
  • Robert A. Graham (PhD '52) — World War II historian of the Catholic Church.
  • A.J.R. Groom (PhD) — Professor Emeritus of International Relations, University of Kent at Canterbury.
  • Sieglinde Gstöhl (PhD '88) — Director of Studies at the College of Europe in Bruges.
  • Thierry Hentsch (PhD '67) — Swiss-Canadian political philosopher.
  • John H. Herz (Diploma '38) — American scholar of international relations and law.
  • Asher Hobson (PhD '31) — Leading agricultural economist.
  • Peter Hruby (PhD '78) — Eastern Europe historian.
  • Shireen Hunter (PhD '83) — Scholar on Iran.
  • Urban Jermann (PhD '94) — Professor of International Finance at the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.
  • Karl William Kapp (PhD '36) — Founding father of ecological economics and leading institutional economists.
  • Dimitri Kitsikis ('62) — Noted Greek Turkologist.
  • Robert Kolb (PhD '98) — International law professor.
  • Bahgat Korany — Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and professor at the American University in Cairo.
  • William Lazonick (PhD '75) — Business historian awarded the 2010 Schumpeter Prize.
  • Urs Luterbacher (PhD '74) — Political scientist specialized in game theory.
  • John Joseph Mathews — Historian who became one of the Osage Nation's most important spokespeople and writers.
  • Arno J. Mayer — Luxembourg-born American Marxist historian, Dayton-Stockton Professor of History, Emeritus, at Princeton University.
  • Gerhard Menk ('69) — German historian and honorary professor University of Giessen.
  • Zidane Meriboute (PhD '83) — SOAS scholar specialized on Islam.
  • Miklós Molnár (PhD '63) — Hungarian historian.
  • Kristen Monroe (junior year) — American political scientist, specializing in political psychology and ethics.
  • Boris Mouravieff (PhD '51) — Russian historian.
  • [22]
  • Gianmarco Ireo Paolo Ottaviano (Diploma '94) — Economics professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science.
  • Dina Pomeranz — Professor at the Harvard Business School.
  • Philippe Regnier (PhD '86) — Professor at the School of International Development and Global Studies at the University of Ottawa.
  • André Reszler (Licence '58, PhD '66) — History of ideas scholar.
  • Gilbert Rist (Licence '63, PhD '77) — Thought leader of postdevelopment theory.
  • Philippe C. Schmitter (Licence '61) — Emeritus Professor of the Department of Political and Social Sciences at the European University Institute.
  • Pierre de Senarclens (PhD '73) — International relations theorist.
  • Hsueh Shou-sheng (Licence, PhD '53) — Vice-Chancellor of Nanyang University in Singapore between 1972–75 and founding rector of University of Macau.
  • Lyal S. Sunga (PhD '91) — ex-OHCHR official, Visiting Professor, Raoul Wallenberg Institute, Special Advisor on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, International Development Law Organization, human rights, humanitarian law, international criminal law expert.
  • Lewis Webster Jones — President of the University of Arkansas from 1947 to 1951 and of Rutgers University from 1951 to 1958.
  • Thomas G. Weiss — Scholar of international relations recognized as an authority on the United Nations system.
  • Andrew Williams — British professor of international relations, University of St Andrews.
  • Francis O. Wilcox — Former dean of the Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies.
  • Patricia K. Wouters — Founding Director of the Dundee UNESCO Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science and professor of international law at the University of Dundee.
Saul Friedländer: alumnus and award-winning Israeli historian
Hans Morgenthau: alumnus and noted international relations theorist


  • Shara L. Aranoff (Fulbright '84-'85) — Chairman of the U.S. International Trade Commission.
  • Tennent H. Bagley (PhD '50) — Deputy Chief of the CIA's Soviet Bloc Division during the 1960s and author.
  • Rep. Michael D. Barnes (DEA '66) — US Congressman from 1979 to 1987.
  • Tarcísio Burity — former governor of Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Jacques-Simon Eggly — Swiss member of Parliament.
  • Robert-Jan Smits — Director General for Research at the European Commission.
  • Mauricio Mulder (DEA '85) — member of Peruvian Congress.
  • Jacques Myard (PhD) — member of the National Assembly of France.
  • Hans-Gert Pöttering (PhD) — former President of the European Parliament, 2007-9.
  • Meta Ramsay, Baroness Ramsay of Cartvale — former British intelligence officer and member of House of Lords.
  • Emrys Roberts — President of the British Liberal Party between 1963-1964.
  • Jean-Pierre Roth (PhD '75) — former Chairman of the Swiss National Bank.
  • Alexandra Thein — German politician and member of the European Parliament.
  • Marcelo Zabalaga ('77) — President of the Central Bank of Bolivia.
Hans-Gert Pöttering: alumnus and former European Parliament president (2007–9)

Members of Parliament and Public Servants

Hernando de Soto Polar: alumnus, Peruvian economist and ILD President

Public Policy

Jakob Kellenberger: alumnus, former ICRC President.

United Nations and International Organizations


  • Rubén González Sosa (DEA) — Ambassador (1957-), Under-Secretary of Foreign Affairs (1971-76), and Acting Foreign Minister of Mexico (inter. 1970-75).[21]
  • Walid Abdel Nasser — Ambassador of Egypt to the United Nations Office in Geneva.
  • Ochieng’ Adala — Ambassador of Kenya, Executive Director of the Africa Peace Forum.
  • William M. Bellamy (Certificate) — Ret. US Ambassador.
  • Térence Billeter (DEA) — Ambassador of Switzerland to China.
  • Jean-Marc Boulgaris ('70) — Former Swiss Ambassador to Colombia and Denmark.
  • Linus von Castelmur ('92) — Ambassador of Switzerland to India.
  • Shelby Cullom Davis (PhD '34) — US Ambassador to Switzerland between 1969 and 1975 and philanthropist.
  • Elyes Ghariani — Tunisian Ambassador to Germany.
  • Erwin Hofer ('76) — Swiss Ambassador to Russia.
  • María Teresa Infante (PhD '80) — Chilean Ambassador to the Netherlands.
  • Claude Heller (DEA) — Ambassador of Mexico to the United Nations.
  • Tamara Kunanayakam (DEA '82) — Ambassador of Sri Lanka to the United Nations Office in Geneva.
  • A.H.M. Moniruzzaman (Certificate '89) — Ambassador of Bangladesh to Belgium, Switzerland, and Luxembourg.
  • Robert G. Neumann ('37) — American Ambassador and politician.
  • François Nordmann (DEA '72) — Swiss Ambassador to France.
  • Assad Omer — Ambassador of Afghanistan to France.
  • Marcial Perez Chiriboga (PhD '65) — Former Ambassador of Venezuela to the US.
  • Michael Reiterer ('85) — Ambassador of the European Commission to Switzerland.
  • Oswaldo de Rivero — Permanent Representative of Peru to the United Nations in New York.
  • Zalman Shoval (DEA) — Former Israeli Ambassador to the US.
  • Luis Solari Tudela — Ambassador of Peru to the United Kingdom.
  • Mohamed Ibrahim Shaker (PhD '75) — Egyptian Ambassador.
  • Nikolaos Vamvounakis (Diploma '75) — Greek Ambassador in Bangkok and Non-resident Ambassador to Singapore, Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar.
  • Christian Wenaweser — Ambassador of Liechtenstein to the United Nations.


  • Delia Albert — former Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines.
  • Lourdes Aranda Bezaury — Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs of Mexico.
  • Youssouf Bakayoko (Certificate '71) — Foreign Minister of Côte d'Ivoire and Ambassador.
  • David Bakradze ('98) — Chairman of the Georgian Parliament and former Foreign Affairs Minister.
  • Sibusiso Bengu (PhD '74) — former Minister of Education of South Africa.
  • István Bibó (PhD '35) — former Minister of State of Hungary.
  • Martin Coiteux (PhD) — Minister responsible for Government Administration of Quebec, Chair of the Treasury Board of Quebec.
  • Joseph Cuthbert — Minister of Education, Culture, External Affairs of Trinidad and Tobago (1971–1986).
  • Patricia Espinosa (DEA '87) — Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Mexico.
  • Abul Fateh (Fellow '62-'63) — first Foreign Minister of Bangladesh.
  • He Yafei (DEA '87) — Assistant Foreign Minister of China.
  • Manouchehr Ganji (PhD '60) — Iranian human rights activist and former Education Minister.
  • Bonaya Godana (PhD '82) — Foreign Minister of Kenya between 1998-2001.
  • Parker T. Hart (Certificate '36) — Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs.
  • Jafar Hassan (PhD '00) — Jordanian Minister of Planning and International Cooperation between 2009–2013.
  • Annemarie Huber-Hotz ('75) — Federal Chancellor of Switzerland between 2000 and 2007.
  • Sandra Kalniete ('95) — Minister of Foreign Affairs of Latvia between 2002 and 2004, current member of the European Parliament.
  • Paul Joseph James Martin — Foreign Minister of Canada between 1963 and 1968.
  • Yōichi Masuzoe — Japanese Minister of Health, Labor and Welfare (2007-9) and member of the Japanese House of Councillors.
  • Omer Tshiunza Mbiye (DEA '67) — former Minister of Economy of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Robert McFarlane (Licence) — United States National Security Advisor between 1983 and 1985.
  • Teodor Meleșcanu (PhD '73) — Director of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Romania and former Minister of Defense and Minister of Foreign Affairs.
  • Ram Niwas Mirdha — former Cabinet Minister in India.
  • Kamel Morjane — former Defence Minister and Foreign Minister of Tunisia.
  • Saïd Ben Mustapha — Foreign Minister of Tunisia between 1997–1999.
  • Kristiina Ojuland ('92) — former Foreign Minister of Estonia and current member of the European Parliament.
  • Andrzej Olechowski — former Minister of Finance and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland.
  • Marco Piccinini — Minister of Finance and Economy of Monaco.
  • Francisco Rivadeneira ('95) — Minister of Foreign Trade and Economic Integration of Ecuador.
  • Haroldo Rodas (DEA) — Foreign Minister of Guatemala.
  • Shri Shumsher K. Sheriff — Secretary-General of the upper house of the Parliament of India.
  • André Simonazzi (Licence '92) — Vice Chancellor of the Swiss Federal Council.
  • Albert Tevoedjre — former Minister of Information of Benin.
  • Ton That Thien (PhD '63) — former Cabinet Minister and public intellectual in Vietnam.
  • Omar Touray (DEA '92, PhD '95) — former Secretary of Foreign Affairs of Gambia.
  • Joseph Tsang Mang Kin — former Minister of Arts and Culture of Mauritius and poet.

Cabinet and Government Members

Heads of State

Nobel Laureates

Micheline Calmy-Rey: alumna, former Swiss foreign minister and President of the Swiss Federal Council in 2007 and 2011
Mohamed ElBaradei: alumnus, former IAEA Director-General and Nobel Peace prize recipient
Kofi Annan: alumnus, former UN Secretary-General and Nobel Peace prize recipient


The Institute is headed by Philippe Burrin and his deputy Elisabeth Prügl.


The Foundation Board is the administrative body of the Institute. It assembles academics, politicians, people of public live and practitioners. Jacques Forster (Vice President of the ICRC) is President of the Board. The vice-president is Isabelle Werenfels (senior researcher at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs). The Board includes among others: Carlos Lopes, currently UN Under Secretary General and Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa, Julia Marton-Lefèvre (Director of the International Union for Conservation of Nature), Joëlle Kuntz (journalist), and Yves Mény (president emeritus of the European University Institute in Florence).[7]

Foundation Board

IHEID is constituted as a Swiss private law foundation, Fondation pour les hautes études internationales et du développement, sharing a convention with the University of Geneva.[19] This is a particular organizational form, because IHEID is constituted as a foundation of private law fulfilling a public purpose. In addition, the political responsibility for the Institute shared between the Swiss Confederation and the Canton of Geneva. Usually in Switzerland, it is the responsibility of the Cantons to run public universities, except for the Federal Institutes of Technology (ETHZ and EPFL). IHEID is therefore something like a hybrid institution, in-between the two standard categories.[20]

Historian Philippe Burrin, Director of the Graduate Institute since 2004

Legal status


Relations Internationales
Relations Internationales publishes research on international relations history ranging from the end of the 19th century to recent history.
European Journal of Development Research
The European Journal of Development Research is a co-publication of the Graduate Institute and the European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes with a multi-disciplinary focus.
International Development Policy
A peer-reviewed e-journal that promotes cutting-edge research and policy debates on global development.
Journal of International Dispute Settlement
Established by the Graduate Institute and the University of Geneva in 2010, the JIDS is dedicated to international law with commercial, economic and financial implications. It is published by Oxford University Press.
Refugee Survey Quarterly
Published by Oxford University Press and based at the Graduate Institute, the Refugee Survey Quarterly is a peer-reviewed journal focusing on the challenges of forced migration from multidisciplinary and policy-oriented perspectives.


The school maintains exchange programs with institutions worldwide, including Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, American University, School of International Service in Washington D.C., Sciences Po Paris - Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris, the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin, the Graduate School of International Studies at Seoul National University, the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore, the Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies at Waseda University, University of Hong Kong, Tsinghua University, Fudan University, Peking University, KIMEP University, Gadjah Mada University, the School of International Studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University, University of Malaya, the American University in Cairo, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, El Colegio de México, the University of Ghana, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Stellenbosch University, as well as the University of St. Gallen and ETH Zürich in Switzerland.

  • APSIA - Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs: The world’s main academic institutions specialising in international relations and international public policy are represented among APSIA’s thirty-odd members.
  • European University Association: Represents and supports more than 850 institutions of higher education in 46 countries, providing them with a forum for cooperation and exchange of information on higher education and research policies.
  • Europaeum: Created at the initiative of the University of Oxford, the Europaeum is composed of ten leading European institutions of higher education and research.
  • European Consortium for Political Research: The ECPR is an independent scholarly association that supports the training, research and cross-national cooperation of many thousands of academics and graduate students specialising in political science and all its sub-disciplines.
  • European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes: The EADI is the largest existing network of research and training institutes active in the field of development studies.
  • Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie: The AUF supports the build-up a French-language research area between French-speaking universities. The Institute is one of 536 members belonging to the AUF and takes part in its exchange programmes in the fields of teaching and research.
  • Swiss University Conference: The SUC is a governmental organization tasked with accrediting officially recognized Swiss universities.

The Institute is an active member of the following associations and academic networks:

Accreditation and Academic Partners

Affiliated Programs and Initiatives

  • The Small Arms Survey is an independent research project that serves as the principal international source of public information on all aspects of small arms and armed violence and as a resource for governments, policy-makers, researchers, and activists.
  • The Programme on Gender and Global Change produces cutting-edge research on the workings of gender in development and international relations and serves as a channel for the dissemination of such knowledge in both the anglophone and the francophone worlds.
  • The Global Migration Centre focus on the transnational dimensions of migration and its interdisciplinary orientation. By doing so the GMC seeks to fully grasp the complexities of mobility in a globalized world. To this end, it combines inputs from lawyers, political scientists, economists, historians, anthropologists and sociologists.
  • The Global Health Program's activities focus on two pillars, namely global health governance and global health diplomacy.
  • The Programme for the Study of International Governance provides a forum for scholars of governance and international organisations to interact with practitioners from the policy world in order to analyse global governance arrangements across a variety of issues.
  • The Center for Finance and Development's research deals with finance and development at three levels: international finance, and development finance in particular, including the role played by the international financial institutions such as the IMF and the World Bank; financial development, including banking and financial sector development in emerging and developing countries, both from contemporary and historical perspectives; microeconomics of finance and development.
  • The Center for Trade and Economic Integration brings together the research activities of eminent professors of economics, law and political science in the area of trade, economic integration and globalization. The Centre provides a forum for discussion and dialogue between the global research community, including the Institute's student body and research centres in the developing world, and the international business community, as well as international organisations and NGOs.
  • The Center for International Environmental Studies was established in 2010 for the purpose of developing political, legal and economic discourse on problems related to the global environment. It is dedicated to the better understanding of the social, economic and political facets of global problems related to the environment.
  • The Center on Conflict, Development and Peacekeeping is the Graduate Institute’s focal point for research in the areas of conflict analysis, peacebuilding, and the complex relationships between security and development.

The centres and programmes of the Institute distribute analysis and research that contributes to the analysis of international organisations headquartered in Geneva:

Programs and Research Centers

Furthermore, IHEID is home to the Swiss Chair of Human Rights, the Curt Gasteyger Chair in International Security and Conflict Studies, the André Hoffmann Chair in Environmental Economics, the Pictet Chair in Environmental International Law, the Pictet Chair in Finance and Development, the Yves Oltramare Chair on Politics and Religion, and the Swiss Chair of International Humanitarian Law.

  • Conflict, security, and peacebuilding
  • Development policies and practices
  • Culture, religion, and identity
  • Environment and natural resources
  • Finance and Development
  • Gender
  • Globalisation
  • Governance
  • Migration and refugees
  • Non-state actors and civil society
  • Rural development
  • Trade, regionalism, and integration
  • Dispute settlement
  • Humanitarian action

The Institute's research activities are conducted both at fundamental and applied levels with the objective of bringing analysis to international actors, private or public, of main contemporary issues. These research activities are conducted by the faculty of the Institute, as part of their individual work, or by interdisciplinary teams within centres and programmes whose activity focus on these main fields:


Expansion projects include the construction of the Portail des Nations (or Gate of Nations) near the Palace of Nations. The new building will house a series of conference rooms for students and host exhibitions on the role of Geneva in world affairs.[17] The school has also partnered with the University of Geneva to open a center for international cooperation at the historic Castle of Penthes.[18]

Campus expansion

Another section of the campus are two historic villas situated by Lake Geneva, Villa Barton and Villa Moynier. Villa Barton served as the Institute's main campus for most of the school's history. It now mostly houses administrative staff. Villa Moynier, created in 20017 and which opened in October 2009, houses the Institute-based Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights. The building holds a symbolic significance as it was originally owned by Gustave Moynier, co-founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, and subsequently used by the League of Nations and as the headquarters of the ICRC between 1933 and 1946.

Historic villas

In addition to serving as the Institute's main campus, the Maison de la paix also houses policy centres and advocacy groups with close ties to the Institute such as the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP) the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, Interpeace, the International Institute of Humanitarian Law, the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and the Gulf Research Center.[15]

The Graduate Institute's main campus is the Maison de la paix (House of Peace), which opened in 2013.[15] The Maison de la Paix is a 38,000 meter-square glass building distributed into six connected sections. It contains the Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Library, which holds 350,000 books about social sciences, journals and annual publications, making it one of Europe's richest libraries in the fields of development and international relations. It is named after two Institute alumni—Ambassador Shelby Cullom Davis and his wife Kathryn Davis, following the Davis' $10 million donation to the Institute.[16] The neighboring Edgar de Picciotto Student Residence was completed in 2012 and provides 135 apartments for students and visiting professors.

Maison de la paix

The Campus de la paix is a network of buildings extending from Place des Nations (the United Nations Headquarters in Geneva) to the shores of Lake Geneva, spanning two public parks -- Parc Barton and Parc Moynier.

The Villa Moynier campus
The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Library


Executive education programs include masters in International Negotiation and Policy-Making, Development Policies and Practices, International Oil and Gas Leadership.

Executive masters

Ph.D. students specialize in one disciplinary field. PhD candidates who wish to carry out bi-disciplinary research choose a main discipline (a major) and a second discipline (a minor).

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

The Institute has established joint or dual degree programs with: the MPA program at Thunderbird School of Global Management; and with the University of Geneva's LL.M. program in International Dispute Settlement, LL.M. program in International Humanitarian Law, Master's program of Advanced Studies in Humanitarian Action and Master's in Asian Studies.

Joint master programs

The LL.M. was introduced in 2012. Students have the opportunity to discuss legal problems in tutorials, develop their professional skills in practical workshops and write an LL.M. paper on a topic within their specialty stream. Moreover, LL.M. participants undertake real legal work for a client as part of a law clinic.

Master of Law in International Law (LL.M.)

Each of the Graduate Institute's five academic departments—International Relations & Political Science; International History; International Law; International Economics; and Anthropology & Sociology of Development—offers a disciplinary MA. It is a two-year program and students are expected to write a master's thesis.

Disciplinary Master of Arts (MA)

The Master of Arts in Development Studies is the Institute’s oldest interdisciplinary program. It aims to equip students aspiring to careers in development with the theoretical, policy, and practical skills to tackle the great development challenges of our time. MDEV combines training in quantitative and qualitative methods with disciplinary courses in Anthropology/Sociology, Economics, History, and Law, and a unique interdisciplinary approach to three critical areas: Conflict and Peace-building; Development and Sustainability; and Human and Social Development.

Master of Arts in Development Studies (MDEV)

The MIA program begins with a rigorous foundation in quantitative and qualitative methods and in the disciplines of the Institute. Interdisciplinary courses follow in three thematic tracks: Global and Regional integration; Security and Peace-building; and Civil Society and Transnational Issues. All students undertake independent interdisciplinary research towards a dissertation. Applied Research Seminars expose them to stakeholders beyond academia and develop skills to design and execute research projects in partnership with them. Specialized, interactive, hands-on workshops help enhance professional skills, while internships for credit allow students to develop work skills and experience.

Master of Arts in International Affairs (MIA)

Admission to the Graduate Institute's study programmes is highly competitive, with only 18% of applicants admitted to the Graduate Institute's study programs in 2012.[13] The Institute awards its own degrees.[14] It does not award undergraduate degrees.

Degree programs

In 2008, the Graduate Institute of International Studies absorbed the Graduate Institute of Development Studies to create the current Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID).

The parallel history of the Graduate Institute of Development Studies (French: Institut universitaire d’études du développement, IUED) also involves Freymond, who founded the institution in 1961 as the Institut Africain de Genève, or African Institute of Geneva. The Graduate Institute of Development Studies was among the pioneer institutions in Europe to develop the scholarly field of sustainable development. The school was also known for the critical view of many of its professors on development aid, as well as for its journal, the Cahiers de l'IUED[12] It was at the center of a huge international network.

For a period of almost thirty years (1927–1954) the school was funded predominantly through the support of the Rockefeller Foundation. Since then the Canton of Geneva and the Swiss Federal Council bear most of the costs associated with the Institute. This transfer of financial responsibility coincided with the 1955 arrival of William Rappard's successor as Director of the Institute, Lausanne historian Jacques Freymond. Freymond inaugurated a period of great expansion, increasing the range of subjects taught and the number of both students and faculty, a process that continued well after his retirement in 1978. Under Freymond's tenure, the Graduate Institute hosted many international colloquia that discussed preconditions for east-west negotiations, relations with China and its rising influence in world affairs, European integration, techniques and results of politico-socioeconomic forecasting (the famous early Club of Rome reports, and the Futuribles project led by Bertrand de Jouvenel), the causes and possible antidotes to terrorism, Pugwash Conference concerns and much more. Freymond's term also saw many landmark publications, including the Treatise on international law by Professor Paul Guggenheim and the six-volume compilation of historical documents relating to the Communist International.[10]

Despite its small size, (before the 1980s the faculty never exceeded 25 members), the Institute boasts four faculty members who have received Nobel Prizes for economics - Gunnar Myrdal, Friedrich von Hayek, Maurice Allais, and Robert Mundell. Three alumni have been Nobel laureates.

Another cours temporaire professor, Montagu Burton Professor of International Relations at Oxford University, Sir University of Geneva, 'Zimmern schools', as they became known. The initiative operated in parallel with the early planning for the launch of the Graduate Institute and the experience acquired by the former helped to shape the latter.[10]

IHEID's later logo at Villa Barton's main gate.

After a number of years, the Institute had developed a system whereby cours temporaires were given by prominent intellectuals on a week, semester, or yearlong basis. These cours temporaires were the intellectual showcase of the Institute, attracting such names as Raymond Aron, René Cassin, Luigi Einaudi, John Kenneth Galbraith, G. P. Gooch, Gottfried Haberler, Friedrich von Hayek, Hersch Lauterpacht, Lord McNair, Gunnar Myrdal,[11] Harold Nicolson, Philip Noel Baker, Pierre Renouvin, Lionel Robbins, Jean de Salis, Count Carlo Sforza, and Jacob Viner.

The institute managed to attract a number of eminent faculty and lecturers, particularly from countries mired in oppressive Nazi regimes, e.g., Hans Wehberg and William Rappard had observed, ironically, that the two men to whom the Institute owed its greatest debt were Mussolini and Hitler. Subsequently more noted scholars would join the Institute's faculty. Hans Kelsen, the well-known theorist and philosopher of law, Guglielmo Ferrero, Italian historian, and Carl Burckhardt, scholar and diplomat all called the Graduate Institute home. Other arrivals, similarly seeking refuge from dictatorships, included the eminent free market economy historian, Ludwig von Mises, and another economist, Wilhelm Ropke, who greatly influenced German postwar liberal economic policy as well as the development of the theory of a social market system.[10]

The Institute's original mandate was based on a close working relationship with both the

Earlier logo of the Graduate Institute of International Studies (HEI)

[9] Its co-founder, Rappard, served as Director from 1928 to 1955.[9]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.