World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Great Britain Olympic football team

Great Britain Olympic football team
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Team GB
Association The Football Association (1907–)
Head coach Stuart Pearce (2012)
Captain Ryan Giggs (2012)
Most caps Jim Lewis (11)
Mike Pinner (11)[1]
Top scorer Harry Walden (9)
Jim Lewis (9)[1]
First international
Great Britain and Ireland 12–1 Sweden
(London; 20 October 1908)
Biggest win
Great Britain and Ireland 12–1 Sweden
(London; 20 October 1908)
Biggest defeat
Bulgaria 6–1 Great Britain
(Melbourne, Australia; 30 November 1956)
Olympic Games
Appearances 8[2] (First in 1908)
Best result Gold: 1908,[2] 1912[2]

The Great Britain Olympic football team is the men's Football Association (FA) as the footballing representative of the British Olympic Association. The team only competes in the Olympic Games. In other international football tournaments, the Home Nations of the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) are represented by their own national teams, a situation which pre-dated the establishment of a GB team.

The team first competed at the FA organised tournament for the 1908 Olympics held in London, which was the first games that featured representative teams using players selected nationally (prior games in 1900 and 1904 used club teams). This team and the two that followed in 1912 and 1920 featured only English amateur players, and is seen by some as merely an extension of the English amateur team, set up in 1906 in response to the rise of the professional game.[3] In this period the team won the gold medal at the 1908 and 1912 tournaments, although exited at Round 1 in 1920. A dispute between the FA and FIFA over the inclusion of professionals saw the FA withdraw from Olympic football in 1924 and 1928, and saw no football at the Olympics at all in 1932.[1]

After the creation of the FIFA World Cup, it was agreed that Olympic football would become exclusively amateur,[4] leading to the team competing again in the 1936 Games, this time incorporating players from other Home Nations. After the break caused by World War II, the team then competed in every games from 1948 until 1972, albeit failing to qualify for the main tournament after 1960.[1] In this period the team's best performance was 4th place in 1948 at the second Games hosted in London, under manager Matt Busby.[1]

After the FA abolished the distinction between amateur and professional players in 1974, it stopped entering a team.[3] By the Stuart Pearce appointed manager.[7] A Great Britain women's Olympic football team also competed at the 2012 Games.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Origins 1.1
    • 1908–1936 1.2
    • 1948–1970 1.3
    • 1972–2008 1.4
    • Reformation for London 2012 1.5
      • Pre-tournament preparations 1.5.1
      • Olympic tournament 1.5.2
  • Future prospects 2
  • Colours 3
  • Squads 4
    • Composition 4.1
    • London 2012 squad 4.2
  • Records and statistics 5
    • Olympics record 5.1
    • Olympic finals 5.2
      • 1908 final 5.2.1
      • 1912 final 5.2.2
    • Full Olympic record 5.3
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

Origins

1908 Great Britain and Ireland Olympic Football team

The FA was formed in London 1863, when thirteen teams met to draw up a shared Football Association of Wales was founded in 1876 and a fourth, the Irish Football Association, (IFA), was founded in 1880.

The practice of playing internationals between the four countries of the United Kingdom (also known as the home nations) was thus developed before football associations were developed elsewhere in the world and, no 'United Kingdom football association' was ever formed.[1] Outside of the UK, the first national associations were formed in 1889 (in Denmark and the Netherlands),[1] and these also began to pick their own national teams. When football was included at the 1900 Olympic Games, however, many nations were still struggling to raise a team,[1] and so club teams entered instead. Upton Park represented the UK, winning the gold medal.[3]

1908–1936

1912 Olympic football tournament final match: Great Britain beat Denmark 4–2

For the

  • Official website

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Menary, Steve (2010). Gb United? British Olympic Football and the End of the Amateur Dream. Durington: Gardners Books.  
  2. ^ a b c d In some years, notably 1908, 1912 and 1956, the Great Britain Olympic team was the England national amateur football team playing in the colours of the United Kingdom. Sources differ as to whether this team should be considered a GB team or an England national team.
  3. ^ a b c d e Scoring for Britain Beck, Peter J. 1999; Routledge: 55
  4. ^ a b c d "Olympic Football Tournament (men)". FIFA. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "GB football team to enter Games". BBC Sport (BBC). 30 September 2006. 
  6. ^ a b c "Nations pave way for 2012 GB team". BBC Sport (BBC). 29 May 2009. 
  7. ^ a b "Stuart Pearce and Hope Powell to lead GB Olympic teams". BBC Sport. 20 October 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c "History of The FA". The FA. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  9. ^  
  10. ^ Football at the 1908 London Olympics Sports-Reference.com
  11. ^ Football Tournament of the Olympic Games – Overview RSSF. Retrieved 12–12–08.
  12. ^ The Fourth Olympiad (London), Official Report PDF (14.0 MB) . The British Olympic Council, 1908. Accessed 10–11–11
  13. ^ 1908 Olympic Football: The First World Cup More Than Mind Games. Accessed 10–11–11
  14. ^ I Olympic Football Tournament (London 1908) Linguasport. Accessed 10–11–11
  15. ^ a b "Happy to discuss Olympic team".  
  16. ^ Games of the IV Olympiad. Aarhus, Lars; RSSSF, 15 October 1999. Retrieved on 5 July 2006.
  17. ^ II Olympic Football Tournament (Stockholm 1912) Linguasport. Accessed 10–11–11
  18. ^ "Antwerp, 1920". FIFA. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  19. ^ Beck, Peter J. (1999). Scoring for Britain: International Football and International Politics, 1900–1939. London: Frank Cass Publishers.  
  20. ^ "History of FIFA – The first FIFA World Cup™". FIFA. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  21. ^ a b Arnold, A.J. Tony. 2004. Harnessing the Forces of Commercialism: The Financial Development of the Football Association, 1863–1975 Sport in Society 7 (2) 232–248. Accessed 10–04–10, subscription required
  22. ^ "Olympic Football Tournament Berlin 1936, Match Report, Poland-Great Britain". FIFA. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  23. ^ a b c Dee, Mac (9 July 1948). "Busby Will Get Best Out of Amateurs". Sporting Mirror. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  24. ^ VII Olympic Football Tournament (London 1948) Linguasport. Accessed 10–11–11
  25. ^ a b c Plunkett, Paul. "London 2012: GB team at 1960 Games united by love of football". BBC Sport. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  26. ^ "OTD: Football Olympians – The GB Olympic team played its last ‘home’ fixture on this day in 1971.". The FA. 24 March 2010. Retrieved 26 October 2010. 
  27. ^ Chapman, Mark. "About The Project". England's Amateurs. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  28. ^ Tomlinson, Alan. "The commercialization of the Olympics: Cities, corporations and the Olympic commodity". University of Brighton. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  29. ^ a b McCarthy, David (28 March 1996). "Nat on Your Life; SNP Blasted over Babes Olympic Bid". Daily Record  – via Highbeam (subscription required) . Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  30. ^ Goodbody, John (12 November 2005). "Britain looks to Beijing after Scotland's snub to 2012 Games". The Times. Retrieved 5 July 2006. 
  31. ^ a b "Soccer-Italy win Olympics place after Under-21 play-off". Reuters.com (Thomson Reuters). 21 June 2007. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  32. ^ "Caborn blasts women's Games snub". BBC Sport (BBC). 4 December 2007. 
  33. ^ Lisi, Clemente (20 February 2012). "Team Great Britain' for Olympics a Farce". www.realclearsports.com. Retrieved February 2012. 
  34. ^ a b c "No Scots for GB Olympic football". BBC Sport (BBC). 11 November 2005. 
  35. ^ "Wales oppose GB Olympic football". BBC Sport (BBC). 6 December 2005. 
  36. ^ FIFA Statutes PDF (6.67 MB). FIFA, 12 September 2005. Retrieved on 5 July 2006.
  37. ^ Mackay, Duncan (20 October 2005). "Survey shows Scots back united Olympic team".  
  38. ^ "FANS GROUPS OPPOSE GB OLYMPIC TEAM". www.noteamgb.com. 1 October 2006. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  39. ^ "Brown pays tribute to GB success". BBC Sport (BBC). 24 August 2008. 
  40. ^ "Salmond rejects UK football team". BBC News (BBC). 25 August 2008. 
  41. ^ "Smith 'excited' by Olympic team". BBC Sport (BBC). 2 September 2005. 
  42. ^ a b "Blatter against British 2012 team". BBC Sport (BBC). 9 March 2008. 
  43. ^ a b "Uefa chief warns against GB team". BBC Sport (BBC). 28 August 2008. 
  44. ^ a b "GB football team gets Fifa assent". BBC Sport (BBC). 20 December 2008. 
  45. ^ a b "Dai Greene believes football has 'no place' at Olympics". BBC Sport (BBC). 22 November 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  46. ^ Williams, Dan. "Exclusive – Olympics chief Seb Coe on GB football team". ESPN. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  47. ^ a b "London 2012 Olympics: Gareth Bale and non-English players have 'legal right' to play for Team GB".  
  48. ^ "Great Britain Olympic football team agreement close". BBC Sport (BBC). 19 June 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2011. 
  49. ^ "London 2012: Stuart Pearce and Hope Powell to lead GB teams". BBC Sport. 20 October 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  50. ^ "Bale and Ramsey barracked over team GB after 4–1 win over Norway". Daily Mail (London). 13 November 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  51. ^ a b Edwards, Luke (24 November 2011). "David Beckham on Stuart Pearce's list for London 2012 Olympics football team selection". Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  52. ^ "Team GB selection policy". The FA. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  53. ^ "Ryan Giggs and David Beckham keen to play for Olympic football team". The Press Association (London: The Guardian). 17 January 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  54. ^ "Gareth Bale and Craig Bellamy included in Olympics Team GB shortlist". Wales Online. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  55. ^ "David Beckham in provisional 35-man Team GB squad for London 2012". Press Association. 9 June 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  56. ^ "Olympics Football: Wales' Neil Taylor reveals Team GB call-up". BBC Sport. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  57. ^ "GB Olympic football teams to play in Manchester, London and Cardiff". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  58. ^ Gibson, Owen (24 April 2012). "Team GB draw Uruguay, United Arab Emirates and Senegal for Olympics". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  59. ^ a b "Pearce names Team GB squad with Bellamy and Giggs fronting strong Welsh contingent". Daily Mail (Associated Newspapers). 2 July 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  60. ^ a b "Team GB Edged out in Marbella". The FA. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  61. ^ "London 2012: Stuart Pearce's Team GB to face Brazil in July friendly". The Guardian. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  62. ^ Taylor, Louise (20 July 2012). "Team GB 0-2 Brazil: London 2012 friendly match report". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  63. ^ a b Fletcher, Paul. "London 2012: Great Britain denied by late Senegal strike". BBC Sport. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  64. ^ Taylor, Daniel (4 August 2012). "Olympics: Team GB out after Daniel Sturridge's penalty shootout miss". The Guardian (London). 
  65. ^ Winter, Henry (5 August 2012). "London 2012 Olympics: Team GB players ready for England promotion despite penalty defeat to South Korea". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  66. ^ Toney, James. "LONDON 2012: Team GB football teams could be repeated for Rio and beyond". Sportsbeat. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  67. ^ Fletcher, Paul. "Olympics football: GB beaten by South Korea on penalties". BBC Sport. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  68. ^ Kelso, Paul (14 August 2012). "British Olympic Association chief executive Andy Hunt criticises Football Association for lack of support". London: Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  69. ^ "Kelly Smith laments Rio snub for GB women's football team". BBC Sport (BBC). 14 August 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  70. ^ a b c "Will one of your club's stars be wearing it this summer? Team GB football kit unveiled". Daily Mail. 22 March 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  71. ^ "Team GB Olympic kit launch – in pictures". London: The Guardian. 22 March 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  72. ^ "Team GB 2012 Olympics Adidas Away Football Shirt". Football Shirt Culture. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  73. ^ "London 2012: Stuart Pearce wanted Euro 2012 players". BBC Sport. BBC. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  74. ^ a b "David Beckham not selected for London 2012 football squad". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  75. ^ "Giggs to captain GB". BBC Sport. BBC. 2012. 
  76. ^ Stuart Pearce joins an illustrious list of GB managers When Saturday Comes 18–01–11. Accessed 20–01–11.
  77. ^ EnglandStats.com Retrieved 12 Aug 2012.
  78. ^ Great Britain's Amateur History 1908-71 Full list of Great Britain's internationals, including non-Olympics-related friendlies, as well as a list of warm-up friendlies against British club sides. England Football Online. Retrieved 14 Aug 2012.
  79. ^ Remembering GB's last Olympic match, When Saturday Comes, July 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  80. ^ a b How Britain's footballers earned a reprieve to compete in the 1956 Melbourne Olympics Inside the Games, 1 July 2012, Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  81. ^ The GB Olympic team played its last ‘home’ fixture on this day in 1971 The FA, 24 March 2010. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  82. ^ (Qualifying Stage) – Group 5X Olympic Football Tournament Linguasport.com. Retrieved 14 Aug 2012.
  83. ^ "Great Britain – Senegal".  
  84. ^ "Great Britain – United Arab Emirates". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 29 July 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  85. ^ "Great Britain – Uruguay". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  86. ^ "Great Britain – South Korea". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 4 August 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 

References

See also


London 2012


Rome 1960


Note: Britain lost 5–3 on aggregate, but earned a reprieve to compete in Melbourne. [80]
Melbourne 1956


Helsinki 1952


London 1948


Note: As of 1948, many Eastern Bloc states, such as Yugoslavia and Bulgaria, played with their full national sides in the Olympics, while Britain always competed with an amateur team, as per Olympic requirements. [79][80][81]


Berlin 1936


Antwerp 1920


Stockholm 1912


London 1908

This is a full round-up of Great Britain's performances at the Olympic Games.[77][78]

Full Olympic record

4 July 1912
19:00
Great Britain  4–2  Denmark
Hoare Goal 22'41'
Walden Goal 10'
Berry Goal 43'
Report Olsen Goal 27'81'
Stockholms Stadion, Stockholm
Attendance: 25,000
Referee: Christiaan Groothoff (Netherlands)

1912 final

24 October 1908
15:00
Great Britain  2–0  Denmark
Chapman Goal 20'
Woodward Goal 46'
Report
White City, London
Attendance: 8,000
Referee: John Lewis (Great Britain)

1908 final

Olympic finals

Olympics record
Year Manager[76] Squad Round Position G W D L GF GA +/– Win %
1900 Upton Park F.C. represented GB Gold medal 1
1904 Did not enter
1908 Alfred Davis 1908 squad Gold medal 1 3 3 0 0 18 1 +17 100.000
1912 Adrian Birch 1912 squad Gold medal 1 3 3 0 0 15 2 +13 100.000
1920 George Latham 1920 squad Round 1 1 0 0 1 1 3 -2 00.00
1924 Did not enter
1928
1936 William Voisey 1936 squad Quarter-finals 2 1 0 1 6 5 +1 50.00
1948 Matt Busby 1948 squad Fourth place 4 4 2 0 2 9 11 -2 50.00
1952 Walter Winterbottom 1952 squad Preliminary round 1 0 0 1 3 5 -2 00.00
1956 Norman Creek 1956 squad Quarter-finals 2 1 0 1 10 6 +4 50.00
1960 1960 squad Round 1 3 1 1 1 8 8 +0 33.33
1964 to 1972 Charles Hughes Did not qualify
1976 to 2008 Did not enter
2012 Stuart Pearce[7] 2012 squad Quarter-finals 4 2 2 0 6 3 +3 50.00
Total 9/25 3 medals 23 13 3 7 76 44 +32 56.52

Olympics record

Records and statistics

0#0 Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Jack Butland (1993-03-10) 10 March 1993 5 0 Birmingham City
18 1GK Jason Steele (1990-08-18) 18 August 1990 1 0 Middlesbrough
2 2DF Neil Taylor (1989-02-07) 7 February 1989 5 0 Swansea City
3 2DF Ryan Bertrand (1989-08-05) 5 August 1989 4 0 Chelsea
5 2DF Steven Caulker (1991-12-29) 29 December 1991 5 0 Tottenham Hotspur
6 2DF Craig Dawson (1990-05-06) 6 May 1990 3 0 West Bromwich Albion
12 2DF James Tomkins (1989-03-29) 29 March 1989 2 0 West Ham United
14 2DF Micah Richards* (1988-06-24) 24 June 1988 5 0 Manchester City
4 3MF Danny Rose (1990-07-02) 2 July 1990 4 0 Tottenham Hotspur
7 3MF Tom Cleverley (1989-08-12) 12 August 1989 5 0 Manchester United
8 3MF Joe Allen (1990-03-14) 14 March 1990 5 0 Swansea City
11 3MF Ryan Giggs* (captain) (1973-11-29) 29 November 1973 4 1 Manchester United
13 3MF Jack Cork (1989-06-25) 25 June 1989 4 0 Southampton
15 3MF Aaron Ramsey (1990-12-26) 26 December 1990 5 1 Arsenal
16 3MF Scott Sinclair (1989-03-25) 25 March 1989 4 1 Swansea City
9 4FW Daniel Sturridge (1989-09-01) 1 September 1989 5 2 Chelsea
10 4FW Craig Bellamy* (1979-07-13) 13 July 1979 5 1 Liverpool
17 4FW Marvin Sordell (1991-02-17) 17 February 1991 3 0 Bolton Wanderers
  • The three overage players are denoted with a *.
  • Clubs listed are those which held the player's registration during the Olympics.

The Great Britain squad for the 2012 Olympic Games was announced on 2 July 2012, with Ryan Giggs named as captain.[75]

London 2012 squad

The composition of the team has varied over time. All players in the 1908, 1912, 1920 and 1956 squads were English, while in other years players from Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales were all included.[1] The 2012 squad contained 13 English and 5 Welsh players but no Scottish or Northern Irish players.[59] Jack Butland, the third choice goalkeeper for England, was the only player selected for both the Olympics and the England Euro 2012 squad.[73] Ryan Giggs, Craig Bellamy and Micah Richards were selected as the three overage players.[74] Former England captain David Beckham was shortlisted for the Olympics, but was left out of the final squad.[74]

Composition

Squads

The official kit for the 2012 Olympics, designed by Stella McCartney and manufactured by Adidas, was unveiled alongside the uniform for all Team GB Olympic competitors in March.[70] The front of the shirt is modelled on the right-hand side of a union flag, with the colours consisting of white and various shades of blue in keeping with the design of the uniforms in other sports.[71] The back of the shirt is navy blue, as are the shorts and socks.[70] The kit has a red trim.[70] The change kit is pale blue and white, with varying shades displaying the same union flag design as the home kit.[72] The crest is on the left breast of the shirt, and consists of a white shield with the generic Team GB logo in blue, with the words London 2012 below it.

Colours

During the 2012 tournament some players such as Ryan Giggs[65] and some members of the British Olympic Association[66] expressed a desire to enter a football team in future Olympics. As of Great Britain's elimination from the 2012 Olympics, however, there are currently no public plans to reform the team for future Olympic Games.[67] Alex Horne, in his role as chief-executive of the FA, has stated that the FA would not support a future men's football team at the Olympics.[68] The problem facing any possible future Great Britain team is that there is no mechanism for it to qualify, as the individual home nations compete in the qualifying competition.[69]

Future prospects

In the knockout stage, Great Britain played South Korea in the quarterfinal round. The match went to a penalty shoot-out after the score was 1–1, after extra time. Great Britain lost the shoot-out 4–5 after Sturridge missed Britain's fifth attempt, while South Korea converted all five of their attempts.[64]

Aaron Ramsey missed a penalty kick against South Korea in the 40th minute.

Great Britain's first match was a 1–1 draw with Senegal at Old Trafford in Manchester on 26 July. Craig Bellamy scored for Great Britain in the first half, but Pape Moussa Konaté scored the equaliser for Senegal from a counter-attack in the 82nd minute.[63] Their second match was a 3–1 win against the United Arab Emirates at Wembley. A Ryan Giggs header put Great Britain in the lead, before Ahmad Ali equalised. Scott Sinclair regained the lead with his first touch of the game after coming on as a substitute, and minutes later, fellow substitute Daniel Sturridge chipped the UAE's goalkeeper to make it 3–1.[63] Sturridge scored again in the 1–0 victory against Uruguay in their final group game.

Olympic tournament

Great Britain were placed in group A for the Olympic tournament prior to the draw.[57] The draw was held on 24 April 2012 and added Uruguay, United Arab Emirates and Senegal to Great Britain's group.[58] The final 18 man squad for the Olympic Games was announced on 2 July 2012.[59] A pre-tournament training camp was held in Marbella, Spain.[60] This included a training match against the Mexico squad, which Mexico won 1–0. All players in the squad played for between 45 and 75 minutes.[60] The team then played one official friendly match, against Brazil at the Riverside Stadium in Middlesbrough on 20 July,[61] which was won 2–0 by Brazil.[62]

The FA announced in October 2011 that Stuart Pearce would be the manager. After this announcement, Pearce drew up an initial long-list of players who he wanted to consider for the squad, and wrote to all of these players to inform them of his choice.[51] Pearce said that players who did not want to be included would be able to inform him of their wishes at that stage.[51] It was stated in December 2011 that none of the players selected for the England squad for the 2012 UEFA European Championships would be selected, in order to avoid player fatigue.[52] In January 2012, it was revealed that 191 players had been contacted, with 7 declining to be considered for the team.[53] A further cut was announced in April 2012, with the shortlist of eligible players reduced to around 80.[54] The final pre-tournament cut occurred in early June, when a squad of 35 players was submitted to FIFA.[55][56]

Pre-tournament preparations

A compromise was eventually reached between the four associations, whereby a squad of English players only would represent the United Kingdom.[6] The football associations of Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales sent a joint letter to FIFA stating that they would not participate, but that they would not object to England participating alone.[6] This agreement was challenged by the BOA, who wanted to select players from all four countries and claimed it would be potentially discriminatory to only select English players.[47] Jim Boyce stated that there is no legal restriction on players being selected by the BOA[47] and the SFA admitted that it would have no legal grounds to prevent Scottish players from participating.[48] It was then confirmed that the FA intended to select players from outside England.[49] Eligible non-English players such as Gareth Bale and Aaron Ramsey expressed their desire to play in the squad, having posed for a photo-shoot wearing the replica shirts of the team.[50]

From the world of sport, world 400m hurdles champion Dai Greene said that he felt that there should not be an Olympic football tournament because the Olympics is not the pinnacle of that sport.[45] He also expressed fears that coverage of the football team would overshadow interest in the other competitors.[45] Sebastian Coe, the director of the 2012 Olympics, regularly spoke out in support of the team.[46]

FIFA President Sepp Blatter initially assured each of the British Associations that their status would not be affected by fielding a combined team in 2012.[41] The SFA refused to change its position, arguing that Blatter's personal opinion and permission might not matter once he has left office, and that they did not wish to jeopardise their status.[34] Blatter seemed to change his view in March 2008, when he stated that "they should enter only a team composed of players from England"[42] and he suggested that the independent status of the four British associations could be harmed by a unified team.[42] UEFA chief executive David Taylor, a former chief executive of the SFA, said in August 2008 that a British Olympic team would threaten the existence of the individual home nations.[43] Taylor also said that the unique status of the Home Nations had come under attack before from other FIFA members, and that it was "difficult to see what guarantees could be given" to protect that status.[43] At a conference held in conjunction with the 2008 FIFA Club World Cup in Japan, the prospect of a UK team for the 2012 Olympics was discussed by the FIFA Executive Committee, who gave their approval.[44]

Various fans, politicians and sports-people all gave their opinions with regards to the creation of a team. A 2005 opinion poll published by the BOA claimed that a majority of Scots supported the creation of a British team for the 2012 Olympics.[37] A joint statement issued by the official fan clubs of all four Home Nations voiced their opposition to the plan.[38] Various prominent politicians also offered their opinion as to whether there should be a British team in the 2012 Olympics. Prime Minister Gordon Brown stated during the 2008 Olympics that he wanted a British team and would work towards that happening, although he acknowledged that it could affect the autonomy of the Home Nations.[39] First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond then stated his opposition to a British team, arguing that Brown must be "seriously out of touch with Scotland" to support it.[40]

[36] This would mean the loss of the special status of the Home Nations, established under FIFA's constitution.[34] (England) as the only association willing to take part. The SFA's opposition to the plans were rooted primarily in the fear that the Home Nations would be forced to field a combined team in all competitions.the Football Association (representing Northern Ireland) stated in October 2007 that they would not take part in a unified team, leaving Irish Football Association The [35] (FAW) withdrew from the negotiations.Football Association of Wales and the [34] were to discuss the possibilityHome Nations (SFA) refused even to attend meetings at which the Scottish Football Association but the [5] (BOA) stated it would enter a football team,British Olympic Association The [33][5], the United Kingdom gained the right to enter a team in the football tournament as host nation.London 2012 Olympic bidDue to the success of the

Reformation for London 2012

The British Olympic Association initially refused to rule out the possibility of entry for the 2008 Summer Olympics,[30] England would have qualified for the 2008 Olympics by reaching the semi-finals of the 2007 Under–21 Championship, but a team was not entered.[31] Italy took their vacated place by winning a play-off match against Portugal.[31] The England women's team also qualified for the 2008 Olympics, through their performance in the 2007 World Cup, but they were denied a place at the Olympics because the other three Home Nations refused to give their consent.[32]

In March 1996, the Scottish National Party proposed that the Scotland U21s should compete in the 1996 Summer Olympics football tournament, having finished fourth in the 1996 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship.[29] Scotland would have qualified for the Summer Olympics football tournament twice in succession, having also finished fourth in the 1992 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship. The Scottish Football Association (SFA) opposed the idea of the Scotland team being sent to the Olympics as they would have had to participate as Great Britain, which the SFA considered would have jeopardised the independent status of Scottish national teams.[29]

Since 1992, the UEFA U21 Championship has acted as the qualifying tournament for the UEFA nations, which each of the Home Nations enter. On three occasions, teams from Great Britain have finished in the qualifying positions:

For the 1984 Summer Olympics, professional footballers were allowed to compete at the Olympics for the first time.[4][28] Initially, European and South American teams were banned from playing players who had competed in the FIFA World Cup, but from the 1992 Summer Olympics eligibility for all nations was restricted to players aged under 23, except that three players of any age are allowed in the squad.[4]

1972–2008

In 1974, the Football Association stopped recognising a distinction between professionals and amateurs, with all player subsequently registered simply as 'players', whether paid or unpaid.[27] This ended the existence of the England national amateur football team, which had always been the basis for the British Olympic team. As such, the FA stopped entering a football team into Olympic competition.

After 1948, Great Britain were never a significant threat at the Olympics again. They were eliminated after losing their opening match to Luxembourg in 1952,[1] and qualified for the 1956 only after other teams withdrew, before being beaten by Bulgaria in the quarter-finals.[1] Their final appearance at an Olympic Games came in 1960.[25] The squad was again selected from all of the home nations, with matches between the national amateur sides being used to choose a best 19.[25] Great Britain were eliminated in the first round, losing one, drawing one and winning one of their three matches.[25] After that Great Britain failed to qualify for the next three Olympics, with their final match being a 5–0 qualifying round defeat by Bulgaria[15] in 1971 following a 1–0 victory at Wembley Stadium against the same team.[26]

Following the Second World War, Great Britain competed in all Olympic football tournaments from 1948 through to 1972. The 1948 tournament, which was hosted in London, was the team's most successful. By this time, it was recognised that Britain's amateur players were not of the same quality as they had been in earlier years, due to the rise of the professional game.[23] By contrast, teams in nations which had not yet developed professional leagues were able to field their strongest sides.[23] Manager Matt Busby trained a squad made up of players from all of the 'home nations',[23] and Britain progressed to the semi-final with wins over the Netherlands and France. Having lost the semi-final to Yugoslavia, Britain once again faced Denmark. This time, however, they were defeated 5–3 and missed out on a bronze medal.[24] Wembley Stadium hosted Great Britain's final two matches, though they also played at Craven Cottage and Highbury.

1948–1970

There was no football tournament at the 1932 games, so Britain's return to Olympic football came at the 1936 Summer Olympics. Great Britain were defeated in the quarter-finals, losing 5–4 to Poland.[22]

At the 1920 Summer Games, Britain lost in the first round in a surprise defeat to Norway.[18] Britain had played only amateur players, while other nations selected their team from all available players.[19] The tournament formed part of a rift which developed between the FA, who wanted the Olympics to remain an amateur only competition, and FIFA, who were keen on having a full football world championship.[20] This resulted in the FA leaving FIFA, as well as withdrawing from the 1924 and 1928 football tournaments.[21] Eventually, however, an agreement was reached in which the Olympic football tournament would be for amateur players only, with the FIFA World Cup created to include all players, professional and amateur.[21]

Great Britain won the White City Stadium.[13] Great Britain won all three of their matches, defeating Sweden and Netherlands in the first two rounds. They met Denmark in the final, defeating them 2–0 with goals from Vivian Woodward and Frederick Chapman.[14] The team repeated this success at the 1912 Games.[15][16] Again, Britain won all three matches and defeated Denmark in the final, this time 4–2. Woodward, who scored in the previous final, was captain for this tournament.[17]

An arrangement was reached with the other Home Nations' football associations, under which a Great Britain team consisting of amateur players organised by the FA would enter future tournaments. [12] Although the team competed as the United Kingdom and are listed as such, the official match report refers to "the English team".[11].Great Britain whilst others still simply label all participations as [3],England national amateur football team Some sources continue to refer to this team as the [10] A team, made up entirely of English players, was entered.[3]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.