World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

HAZMAT Class 3 Flammable Liquids

Article Id: WHEBN0013268481
Reproduction Date:

Title: HAZMAT Class 3 Flammable Liquids  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Essential oil
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

HAZMAT Class 3 Flammable Liquids

A flammable liquid is a liquid with flash point of not more than 60.5°C (141°F), or any material in a liquid phase with a flash point at or above 37.8°C (100°F).

Divisions

Class 3: Flammable Liquids

A flammable liquid is a liquid having a flash point of not more than 60.5°C (141°F), or any material in a liquid phase with a flash point at or above 37.8°C (100°F) that is intentionally heated and offered for transportation or transported at or above its flash point in a bulk packaging. The following exceptions apply:

  1. Any liquid meeting one of the definitions specified in 49CFR 173.115.
  2. Any mixture having one or more components with a flash point of 60.5°C (141°F) or higher, that make up at least 99 percent of the total volume of the mixture, if the mixture is not offered for transportation or transported at or above its flash point.
  3. Any liquid with a flash point greater than 35°C (95°F) which does not sustain combustion according to ASTM 4206 or the procedure in Appendix H of this part.
  4. Any liquid with a flash point greater than 35°C (95°F) and with a fire point greater than 100°C (212°F) according to ISO 2592.
  5. Any liquid with a flash point greater than 35°C (95°F) which is in a water-miscible solution with a water content of more than 90 percent by mass.

Flash Point: The flash point is the minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor within a test vessel in sufficient concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air near the surface of the liquid.

A list of Class 3 hazardous materials is available online.[1]

Placards

Hazardous Materials
Class 3: Flammable Liquids
Hazardous Materials
Class 3: Combustible (Alternate Placard)
Hazardous Materials
Class 3: Fuel Oil (Alternate Placard)
 
Hazardous Materials
Class 3: Gasoline (Alternate Placard)
 

Alternate Placards and Labeling

  • Combustible Liquids:
    • A combustible liquid means any liquid that does not meet the definition of any other hazard class specified in this subchapter and has a flash point above 60.5°C (141°F) and below 93°C (200°F).
    • A flammable liquid with a flash point at or above 38°C (100°F) that does not meet the definition of any other hazard class may be reclassed as a combustible liquid. This provision does not apply to transportation by vessel or aircraft, except where other means of transportation is impracticable. An elevated temperature material that meets the definition of a Class 3 material because it is intentionally heated and offered for transportation or transported at or above its flash point may not be reclassed as a combustible liquid.
    • A combustible liquid which does not sustain combustion is not subject to the requirements of this subchapter as a combustible liquid. Either the test method specified in ASTM 4206 or the procedure in Appendix H of this part may be used to determine if a material sustains combustion when heated under test conditions and exposed to an external source of flame.
  • Gasoline: This placard is an alternative placard, which may be used for gasoline in non-bulk quantities.
  • Fuel Oil: This placard is an alternative placard, which may be used for fuel oil in non-bulk quantities.

Compatibility Table

Load and Segregation Chart
  Weight 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 3 4.1 4.2 4.3 5.1 5.2 6.1 7 8
A B A
3 1001 lb X X X O X         X O         O   X    
Key
The absence of any hazard class or division or a blank space in the table indicates that no restrictions apply.
  • *: This indicates that segregation among different Class 1 materials is governed by the compatibility table in 49CFR 177.848(f)
  • X: These materials may not be loaded, transported, or stored together in the same transport vehicle or storage facility during the course of transportation.
  • O: Indicates that these materials may not be loaded, transported or stored together in the same transport vehicle or storage facility during the course of transportation, unless separated in a manner that, in the event of leakage from packages under conditions normally incident to transportation, commingling of hazardous materials would not occur.
  • A: This note means that, notwithstanding the requirements of the letter 'X', ammonium nitrate fertilizer may be loaded or stored with Division 1.1 or Division 1.5 materials.

Packing Groups

Class 3 Packing Groups
Packing Group Flash Point
(Closed-Cup)
Initial
Boiling Point
I   <=35°C (95°F)
II <23°C (73°F) >35°C (95°F)
III >=23°C, <=60°C (140°F) >35°C (95°F)

References

  • 49 CFR 173.120 (U.S. Code)
  • 49 CFR 173.120(a) (U.S. Code)
  • 49 CFR 173.120(b)(1) (U.S. Code)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.