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Hawaiian Braille

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Title: Hawaiian Braille  
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Subject: Braille, Hawaiian language, Māori Braille, Korean Braille, Hawaiian alphabet
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Hawaiian Braille

Hawaiian Braille
Languages Hawaiian
Parent systems
Print basis
Hawaiian alphabet

Hawaiian Braille is the braille alphabet of the Hawaiian language. It is a subset of the basic braille alphabet,

⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456)
a e h i k l m n o p u w

supplemented by an additional letter to mark long vowels:

⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136)
ā ē ī ō ū

(Māori Braille uses the same convention for long vowels.)[1]

Unlike print Hawaiian, which has a special letter ʻokina for the glottal stop, Hawaiian Braille uses the apostrophe , which behaves as punctuation rather than as a consonant:


That is, the order to write ʻĀ is apostrophe, cap sign, length sign, A.

Punctuation is as in English Braille.


  1. ^ UNESCO (2013) World Braille Usage, 3rd edition.
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