World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Headless Pyramid

Article Id: WHEBN0034884027
Reproduction Date:

Title: Headless Pyramid  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pyramid of Merikare, Egyptian pyramids, Fifth Dynasty of Egypt, Pyramid G1-a, Mortuary complex of Pepi I
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Headless Pyramid

Headless pyramid
Menkauhor, 5th Dynasty (?)
Coordinates
Base c. 52 m (171 ft)

The Headless Pyramid in Saqqara was most likely built by the Fifth Dynasty pharaoh Menkauhor.

Archaeology

Map of Saqqara. In red, the Headless Pyramid (Lepsius XXIX).

Karl Richard Lepsius, who visited Egypt in 1843 provided a first brief description and catalogued it as number XXIX (29) in his pyramid list. Gaston Maspero entered the underground chambers in 1881. A first, very brief and unsystematic excavation of the ruins was made in 1930 by Cecil M. Firth. Then the ruins were once again covered with sand.
In 1994, Jaromir Malek proposed that the Headless Pyramid should be the long-sought pyramid of Merikare (a pharaoh of the Tenth Dynasty) since it was known that this pyramid had to be somewhere in northern Saqqara near to the pyramid of Teti; the Headless Pyramid was a perfect candidate, also because there were no other pyramids of the Fifth Dynasty in its immediate vicinity.[1] However, most scholars believed that the owner of the pyramid was Menkauhor instead, due to the fact that the priests appointed for the funerary cult of this king were buried to a great extent in northern Saqqara.
A systematic excavation of the substructure in 2008 under Zahi Hawass corroborated the assignment to the Fifth Dynasty on the basis of structure and materials that were typical of that era. Although no inscriptions with the name of a pharaoh were found, Hawass attributed it to Menkauhor because he is the only pharaoh of the Fifth Dynasty whose pyramid has not been identified.[2]

The pyramid

The pyramid had a length of approximately 52 m (171 ft) and was probably, but instead aligned with the Teti's pyramid. Virtually nothing is left of the superstructure, hence its name. On the north side lies the entrance to the underground chamber system, which was sealed by two granite portcullises. A broken sarcophagus lid was found in the burial chamber.

References

  1. ^ Jaromir Malek, King Merykare and his Pyramid, in Hommages à Jean Leclant, Vol. 4. Varia (=Bibliothèque d'étude 106/4), 1994, pp. 203–214.
  2. ^ Reuters: Jonathan Wright: Eroded pyramid attributed to early pharaoh, June 5, 2008

Literature

  • Mark Lehner: The Complete Pyramids. Thames & Hudson, London 1997, p. 165, ISBN 0-500-05084-8.
  • Miroslav Werner: The Pyramids. 1998, ISBN 0-8021-3935-3

External links

  • BBC News: Missing pyramid found, June 5, 2008
  • Associated Press: Missing Pyramid Found in Egypt, June 5, 2008
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.