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Health in Portugal

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Title: Health in Portugal  
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Health in Portugal

According to the 2013

  1. ^ years - International Human Development Indicators - UNDP
  2. ^ World Health Organization ranking of health systems
  3. ^
  4. ^ see
  5. ^


See also


  • Unidade Local de Saúde of the Alto Minho (Hospital de Santa Luzia, Hospital Conde Bertiandos) - Viana do Castelo region

Viana do Castelo

  • Centro Hospitalar of the Tâmega and Sousa (Hospital Padre Américo, Hospital São Gonçalo de Amarante) - Penafiel, Amarante

Tâmega (Porto region)

  • Centro Hospitalar of the Médio Tejo (Hospital de Abrantes, Hospital de Torres Novas, Hospital de Tomar) - Abrantes, Tomar, Torres Novas
Hospital of São Teotónio, Viseu.

Médio Tejo (Santarém region)


  • Unidade Local de Saúde of Guarda (Hospital Nossa Senhora da Assunção, Hospital Sousa Martins) - Seia, Guarda, Portugal


Hospital of Santo António, Porto.
  • Hospital da Arrábida

Greater Porto

Hospital of Santa Maria, Lisbon.

Greater Lisbon

Hospitals of the University of Coimbra, Coimbra.


Castelo Branco

  • Centro Hospitalar of the Nordeste (Hospital Distrital of Bragança, Hospital of Macedo de Cavaleiros, Hospital of Mirandela) - Bragança region





This is a list of hospitals in Portugal. It is sorted by city, region or metropolitan agglomeration. Most of the Portuguese Hospitals were inserted into joint centrally-regulated Health Super Units called Centros Hospitalares. The next phase is already being implemented and it consists of including the local Health Centres into the region's Centro Hospitalar; those newly created Mega-Units are defined as Unidade Local de Saúde (Local Health Units).[5]

List of hospitals


  • List of hospitals 1
    • Alentejo 1.1
    • Algarve 1.2
    • Braga 1.3
    • Bragança 1.4
    • Castelo Branco 1.5
    • Coimbra 1.6
    • Greater Lisbon 1.7
    • Greater Porto 1.8
    • Guarda 1.9
    • Leiria 1.10
    • Médio Tejo (Santarém region) 1.11
    • Tâmega (Porto region) 1.12
    • Viana do Castelo 1.13
    • Viseu 1.14
  • See also 2
  • References 3

People are usually well informed about their health status, the positive and negative effects of their behaviour on their health and their use of health care services. Yet their perceptions of their health can differ from what administrative and examination-based data show about levels of illness within populations. Thus, survey results based on self-reporting at the household level complement other data on health status and the use of services. Only one third of adults rated their health as good or very good in Portugal (Kasmel et al., 2004). This is the lowest of the Eur-A countries reporting and reflects the relatively adverse situation of the country in terms of mortality and selected morbidity.[4]

Portugal’s infant mortality rate has dropped sharply since the 1980s, when 24 of 1000 newborns died in the first year of life. It is now around 3 deaths per a 1000 newborns. This improvement was mainly due to the decrease in neonatal mortality, from 15.5 to 3.4 per 1000 live births.

The NHS is predominantly funded through general taxation. Employer (including the state) and employee contributions represent the main funding sources of the health subsystems. In addition, direct payments by the patient and voluntary health insurance premiums account for a large proportion of funding. Similar to the other Eur-A countries, most Portuguese die from noncommunicable diseases. Mortality from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is higher than in the Eurozone, but its two main components, ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease, display inverse trends compared with the Eur-A, with cerebrovascular disease being the single biggest killer in Portugal (17%). Portuguese people die 12% less often from cancer than in the Eur-A, but mortality is not declining as rapidly as in the Eur-A. Cancer is more frequent among children as well as among women younger than 44 years. Although lung cancer (slowly increasing among women) and breast cancer (decreasing rapidly) are scarcer, cancer of the cervix and the prostate are more frequent. Portugal has the highest mortality rate for diabetes in the Eur-A, with a sharp increase since the late 1980s.

The Ministry of Health is responsible for developing health policy as well as managing the NHS. Five regional health administrations are in charge of implementing the national health policy objectives, developing guidelines and protocols and supervising health care delivery. Decentralization efforts have aimed at shifting financial and management responsibility to the regional level. In practice, however, the autonomy of regional health administrations over budget setting and spending has been limited to primary care.

In addition, about 25% of the population is covered by the health subsystems, 10% by private insurance schemes and another 7% by mutual funds.

The Portuguese health system is characterized by three coexisting systems: the National Health Service (NHS), special social health insurance schemes for certain professions (health subsystems) and voluntary private health insurance. The NHS provides universal coverage although they have recently been implemented measures to ensure the sustainability of the service, for example, the implementation of user fees that are paid at the end of the treatments.[3]


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