World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Health in Portugal

Article Id: WHEBN0021591176
Reproduction Date:

Title: Health in Portugal  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Architecture of Portugal, Portuguese Renaissance, Portugal, Health in Portugal, Community health center
Collection: Health in Portugal
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Health in Portugal

According to the 2013

  1. ^ years - International Human Development Indicators - UNDP
  2. ^ World Health Organization ranking of health systems
  3. ^ http://www.npr.org/2012/04/13/150580358/tough-cuts-in-portugal-may-be-exacting-high-toll
  4. ^ see http://www.euro.who.int/document/chh/por_highlights.pdf
  5. ^ http://www.hospitaisepe.min-saude.pt/Hospitais_EPE/Mapa_Hospitais/

References

See also

Viseu

  • Unidade Local de Saúde of the Alto Minho (Hospital de Santa Luzia, Hospital Conde Bertiandos) - Viana do Castelo region

Viana do Castelo

  • Centro Hospitalar of the Tâmega and Sousa (Hospital Padre Américo, Hospital São Gonçalo de Amarante) - Penafiel, Amarante

Tâmega (Porto region)

  • Centro Hospitalar of the Médio Tejo (Hospital de Abrantes, Hospital de Torres Novas, Hospital de Tomar) - Abrantes, Tomar, Torres Novas
Hospital of São Teotónio, Viseu.

Médio Tejo (Santarém region)

Leiria

  • Unidade Local de Saúde of Guarda (Hospital Nossa Senhora da Assunção, Hospital Sousa Martins) - Seia, Guarda, Portugal

Guarda

Hospital of Santo António, Porto.
  • Hospital da Arrábida

Greater Porto

Hospital of Santa Maria, Lisbon.

Greater Lisbon

Hospitals of the University of Coimbra, Coimbra.

Coimbra

Castelo Branco

  • Centro Hospitalar of the Nordeste (Hospital Distrital of Bragança, Hospital of Macedo de Cavaleiros, Hospital of Mirandela) - Bragança region

Bragança

Braga

Algarve

Alentejo

This is a list of hospitals in Portugal. It is sorted by city, region or metropolitan agglomeration. Most of the Portuguese Hospitals were inserted into joint centrally-regulated Health Super Units called Centros Hospitalares. The next phase is already being implemented and it consists of including the local Health Centres into the region's Centro Hospitalar; those newly created Mega-Units are defined as Unidade Local de Saúde (Local Health Units).[5]

List of hospitals

Contents

  • List of hospitals 1
    • Alentejo 1.1
    • Algarve 1.2
    • Braga 1.3
    • Bragança 1.4
    • Castelo Branco 1.5
    • Coimbra 1.6
    • Greater Lisbon 1.7
    • Greater Porto 1.8
    • Guarda 1.9
    • Leiria 1.10
    • Médio Tejo (Santarém region) 1.11
    • Tâmega (Porto region) 1.12
    • Viana do Castelo 1.13
    • Viseu 1.14
  • See also 2
  • References 3

People are usually well informed about their health status, the positive and negative effects of their behaviour on their health and their use of health care services. Yet their perceptions of their health can differ from what administrative and examination-based data show about levels of illness within populations. Thus, survey results based on self-reporting at the household level complement other data on health status and the use of services. Only one third of adults rated their health as good or very good in Portugal (Kasmel et al., 2004). This is the lowest of the Eur-A countries reporting and reflects the relatively adverse situation of the country in terms of mortality and selected morbidity.[4]

Portugal’s infant mortality rate has dropped sharply since the 1980s, when 24 of 1000 newborns died in the first year of life. It is now around 3 deaths per a 1000 newborns. This improvement was mainly due to the decrease in neonatal mortality, from 15.5 to 3.4 per 1000 live births.

The NHS is predominantly funded through general taxation. Employer (including the state) and employee contributions represent the main funding sources of the health subsystems. In addition, direct payments by the patient and voluntary health insurance premiums account for a large proportion of funding. Similar to the other Eur-A countries, most Portuguese die from noncommunicable diseases. Mortality from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is higher than in the Eurozone, but its two main components, ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease, display inverse trends compared with the Eur-A, with cerebrovascular disease being the single biggest killer in Portugal (17%). Portuguese people die 12% less often from cancer than in the Eur-A, but mortality is not declining as rapidly as in the Eur-A. Cancer is more frequent among children as well as among women younger than 44 years. Although lung cancer (slowly increasing among women) and breast cancer (decreasing rapidly) are scarcer, cancer of the cervix and the prostate are more frequent. Portugal has the highest mortality rate for diabetes in the Eur-A, with a sharp increase since the late 1980s.

The Ministry of Health is responsible for developing health policy as well as managing the NHS. Five regional health administrations are in charge of implementing the national health policy objectives, developing guidelines and protocols and supervising health care delivery. Decentralization efforts have aimed at shifting financial and management responsibility to the regional level. In practice, however, the autonomy of regional health administrations over budget setting and spending has been limited to primary care.

In addition, about 25% of the population is covered by the health subsystems, 10% by private insurance schemes and another 7% by mutual funds.

The Portuguese health system is characterized by three coexisting systems: the National Health Service (NHS), special social health insurance schemes for certain professions (health subsystems) and voluntary private health insurance. The NHS provides universal coverage although they have recently been implemented measures to ensure the sustainability of the service, for example, the implementation of user fees that are paid at the end of the treatments.[3]

[2]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.