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Henry E. Garrett

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Henry E. Garrett

Professor
Henry Garrett
Ph.D.
Born Henry Edward Garrett
(1894-01-27)January 27, 1894
Virginia
Died June 26, 1973(1973-06-26) (aged 79)
Charlottesville, Virginia
Education Template:Plainlist
Spouse(s) Mildred Burch (m. until 1973)
Notes
Henry Edward Garrett (27 January 1894 – 26 June 1973) was an American psychologist and segregationist. Garrett was President of the American Psychological Association in 1946 and Chair of Psychology at Columbia University from 1941 to 1955. After he left Columbia, he taught at the University of Virginia, where his racial ideas were supported by the dominant state political leadership represented by U.S. Senator Harry F. Byrd, who promoted Massive Resistance to school integration.

Life and career

A.S. Winston chronicles, Garrett's involvement in the International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology and Eugenics (IAAEE), the journal Mankind Quarterly, the neofascist Northern League, and the ultra-right wing political group, the Liberty Lobby.

In the 1950s Garrett helped organize an international group of scholars dedicated to preventing race mixing, preserving segregation, and promoting the principles of early 20th century eugenics and "race hygiene." Garrett was a strong opponent of the 1954 United States Supreme Court's desegregation decision in Brown v. Board of Education, which he predicted would lead to "total demoralization and then disorganization in that order." He had given testimony favoring secondary school segregation in the Virginia case that was combined into Brown.[2]

He is credited with coining the term equalitarian dogma in 1961 to describe the by then mainstream view that there were no race differences in intelligence, or if there were, they were purely the result of environmental factors. He accused the Jews of spreading the dogma, and wrote that most Jewish organizations "belligerently support the equalitarian dogma which they accept as having been 'scientifically' proven" (Garrett, 1961).[3]

He wrote in the White Citizens' Council monthly journal The Citizen, "Despite glamorized accounts to the contrary, the history of Black Africa over the past 5,000 years is largely a blank," and, "The crime record of the Negro in the United States is little short of scandalous" (Garrett 1968).

Garrett served as a Director of the Pioneer Fund in 1972–1973.

Bibliography

Notes

References

  • Garrett, H.E. (1980). I.Q. and Racial Differences. Newport Beach, CA: Noontide Press, 1980.
  • Garrett, H.E. (1961). "The equalitarian dogma." Mankind Quarterly, 1. p. 256.
  • Garrett, H.E. (1968) "Scientist Explains Race Differences," The Citizen, January, pp. 14–19.
  • Winston, A. S. (1998). Science in the service of the far right: Henry E. Garrett, the IAAEE, and the Liberty Lobby. Journal of Social Issues, 54, no. 1, pp. 179–209.


Educational offices
Preceded by
Edwin Ray Guthrie
54th President of the American Psychological Association
1946-47
Succeeded by
Carl Ransom Rogers

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