World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Highlands of Iceland

Article Id: WHEBN0000671766
Reproduction Date:

Title: Highlands of Iceland  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Frostastaðavatn, Vatnsfell Power Station, Geography of Iceland, List of first ascents, List of deserts
Collection: Deserts of Europe, Highlands of Iceland
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Highlands of Iceland

  Icelandic Highlands
Desert dominates the central highlands, through which the Kjölur road winds its way

The Highlands of Iceland (Icelandic: hálendið) cover most of the interior of Iceland. They are situated above 400–500 metres and are mostly an uninhabitable volcanic desert, because the water precipitating as rain or snow infiltrates so quickly into the ground that it is unavailable for plant growth. This results largely in a surface of grey, black or brown earth, lava and volcanic ashes. A few oasis-like areas, such as Herðubreiðarlindir near Askja, are found only in proximity to rivers.

Icelanders categorise the Highlands as:

  • "Háls", meaning a broad mountain ridge between valleys, such as the one near Langavatn north of Borgarnes; or
  • "Heiði", meaning the real highlands, such as those alongside the Sprengisandur road.

Most of the numerous glaciers, such as Vatnajökull, Langjökull and Hofsjökull, are also part of the Icelandic Highlands. Vegetation is only found on the shores of the glacier rivers. There is also the danger of glacier runs.

Some of the most interesting parts of Iceland with volcanic activity are to be found in the Highlands, such as Landmannalaugar and the region around Askja and Herðubreið.

Contents

  • Interior routes 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Interior routes

Land Rover 109 stuck in a Highland river

The Highlands can be crossed only during the Icelandic summer[1]). For the rest of the year the highland roads are closed. The best known highland roads are Kaldidalur, Kjölur and Sprengisandur. Most highland roads require four-wheel drive vehicles, because it is necessary to ford rivers. However, the Kjölur route can easily be traversed in an ordinary sedan and is therefore one of the more popular highland roads. Off-road driving ("road" in this context meaning tracks that are already present) is forbidden entirely in Iceland where there is no snow, including the Highlands, to protect the environment.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mountain Roads" (PDF). Environment Agency of Iceland. 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2012. 

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Photos from www.islandsmyndir.is
  • Photos and information
  • Actual road conditions
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.