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Historians

"Historians" redirects here. For the profession, see Historian.

This is a list of historians.

The names are grouped by order of the historical period in which they were writing, which is not necessarily the same as the period in which they specialize

Chroniclers and annalists, though they are not historians in the true sense, are also listed here for convenience.

See also: List of historians by area of study, List of historians of the French Revolution, English historians in the Middle Ages

Historians and Chroniclers of the Ancient World

Historians and Chroniclers of the Medieval World

Early modern historians (1500–1799)

A

B

C

  • Chang Hsüeh-ch'eng, (1738–1801), Chinese historian, local histories and essays on historiography
  • Thomas Carlyle, (1795–1881), French Revolution; Germany
  • chaudhry Afzal Haq, (1891–1942), Urdu Novelist, writer, Historian, afsana nigaar; Indian Sub-continent
  • Agha Shorish Kashmiri, (1917–1975), Urdu historian, poet; Pakistan
  • Janbaz Mirza, Urdu historian, poet; Pakistan

D

E

F

G

  • Garcilaso de la Vega, (1539–1616), Spanish historian. Inca history, culture, and society.
  • Erik Gustaf Geijer, Swedish nationalist historian
  • Edward Gibbon, (1737–1794), Roman Empire and Byzantium
  • George Grote, (1794–1871), classical Greece
  • Giambattista Vico, (1688-1744), Italian historian. First modern philosopher of history.
  • François Guizot, (1787–1874), French historian of general French, English history

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

  • David Ramsay (1749–1815), American Revolution; South Carolina
  • Leopold von Ranke, (1795–1886), European diplomacy; most influential German historian

S

T

U

V

  • Voltaire, (1694–1778), Europe, France

W

  • Sir James Ware, (1594–1666), Anglo-Irish historian and antiquarian

X

Y

Z

Historians born in the 19th century

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

Mc and Mac

  • Thomas Macaulay, (1800–1859), British
  • J. D. Mackie, (1887–1978) Scottish

M

N

O

P

Q

  • Jules Quicherat, (1814–1882) Middle Ages

R

S

T

V

W

Y

Z

Modern (after 1900)

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

  • Joseph Needham, (1900-1995), history of Chinese science and technology
  • Cynthia Neville, late medieval social, cultural and legal history; Scotland and England; Gaelic culture
  • Leo Niehorster, (born 1947) military
  • Thomas Nipperdey (1927–1992) German history from 1800 to 1918
  • Ernst Nolte, (born 1923) German; fascism and communism

O

P

Q

  • Carroll Quigley, (1910–1977) classical, western history, theorist of civilizations

R

S

T

U

V

W

Y

Z

See also

References

Bibliography

  • The American Historical Association's Guide to Historical Literature, ed. by Mary Beth Norton and Pamela Gerardi (3rd ed. 2 vol, Oxford U.P. 1995) 2064 pages; annotated guide to 27,000 of the most important English language history books in all fields and topics vol 2 online
  • Allison, William Henry. A guide to historical literature (1931) comprehensive bibliography for scholarship to 1930. online edition
  • Barnes, Harry Elmer. A history of historical writing (1962)
  • Barraclough, Geoffrey. History: Main Trends of Research in the Social and Human Sciences, (1978)
  • Bentley, Michael. ed., Companion to Historiography, Routledge, 1997, ISBN 9780415285575; 39 chapters by experts
  • Breisach, Ernst. Historiography: Ancient, Medieval and Modern, 3rd edition, 2007, ISBN 0-226-07278-9
  • Gilderhus, Mark T. History an Historiographical Introduction, 2002, ISBN 0-13-044824-9
  • Iggers, Georg G. Historiography in the 20th Century: From Scientific Objectivity to the Postmodern Challenge (2005)
  • Kramer, Lloyd, and Sarah Maza, eds. A Companion to Western Historical Thought Blackwell 2006. 520pp; ISBN 978-1-4051-4961-7.
  • Momigliano, Arnaldo. The Classical Foundation of Modern Historiography, 1990, ISBN 978-0-226-07283-8
  • Rahman, M. M. ed. Encyclopaedia of Historiography (2006) Excerpt and text search
  • Thompson, James, and Bernard J. Holm. A History of Historical Writing: Volume I: From the Earliest Times to the End of the Seventeenth Century (2nd ed. 1967) 678pp; A History of Historical Writing: Volume II: The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries (2nd ed. 1967), 676pp vol 2 of 1942 first edition; highly detailed coverage of European writers to 1900
  • Woolf D. R. A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities) (2 vol 1998) excerpt and text search
  • Woolf, Daniel, et al. The Oxford History of Historical Writing (5 vol 2011-12), covers all major historians since ancient times to present; see listings
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