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Historical geography

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Title: Historical geography  
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Subject: Human geography, Tan Qixiang, Outline of geography, Geography, Region
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Historical geography

A 1740 map of Paris.

Historical geography is the study of the human, physical, fictional, theoretical, and "real" geographies of the past. Historical geography studies a wide variety of issues and topics. A common theme is the study of the geographies of the past and how a place or region changes through time. Many historical geographers study geographical patterns through time, including how people have interacted with their environment, and created the cultural landscape.

Historical geography seeks to determine how cultural features of various societies across the planet emerged and evolved, by understanding their interaction with their local environment and surroundings.

In its early days, historical geography was difficult to define as a subject. A textbook from the 1950s cites a previous definition as an 'unsound attempt by geographers to explain history'.[1] Its author, J. B. Mitchell, came down firmly on the side of geography: 'the historical geographer is a geographer first last and all the time' By 1975 the first number of the Journal of Historical Geography [2] had widened the discipline to a broader church: 'the writings of scholars of any disciplinary provenance who have something to say about matters of geographical interest relating to past time'.

For some in the United States of America, the term historical geography has a more specialized meaning: the name given by 1950s crisis in geography, which raised serious questions about geography as an academic discipline in the USA.

This sub-branch of human geography is closely related to history, environmental history, and historical ecology.[3] At many colleges it is a field of study in Historical studies.


  1. ^ Mitchell,J.B. Historical Geography (Hodder and Stoughton educational, 1954)
  2. ^ Journal of Historical Geography Volome 1, Number 1,1975
  3. ^ Balée, William (2006): The Research Program of Historical Ecology. In Annual Review of Anthropology 35 (1), pp. 75–98.

Further reading

  • Catchpole, Brian. A Map History of the Modern World: 1890 to the Present Day. 1972 ed. Agincourt, Ont.: Bellhaven House, 1972. N.B.: First ed. published in 1968; an earlier revision with corrections appeared in 1970; partly an atlas of historical geography, partly an atlas illustrating historical events and trends. ISBN 0-88774-800-7
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