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Title: Hwandudaedo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Korean sword, Korean swords, Korean swordsmanship, Bonguk geom, Migration Period sword
Collection: Korean Swords
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Hangul 환두대도
Hanja 環頭大刀 / 環頭把頭
Revised Romanization Hwandudaedo
McCune–Reischauer Hwantudaedo

Hwandudaedo ("ring-pommel sword") is the modern Korean term for the earliest type of Korean sword, appearing in the Proto-Three Kingdoms of Korea. These swords were at first symbols of a ruler's power, but their availability in the 5th century, and it became a more widespread symbol of military or political rank. The frequency of finds declines in the 6th century.

The hwandudaedo were large military swords made for battle, as it had a thick back and sharpened blade. This sword's name was given because of the round shape of the pommel (daedo 대도把頭). They were richly decorated, with inlay work and especially by elaborate pommel shapes. Subtypes are distinguished based on their decoration, including Sohwandudaedo (no decoration on the pommel rings), Samyeophwandudaedo (pommel ring with three opened leaves), Samruhwandudaedo (three pommel rings forming a triangle), Yonghwandudaedo (pommel with dragon), Bonghwandudaedo (pommel with phoenix), Bonghwangmun (peacock pattern), Indongdangchomun, Samyeopmun, Wondudaedo, Gyududaedo, Samruhwandudaedo, Bangdudaedo, Duchudaedo.


History and characteristics of Korean Swords by Park Je Gwang – Curator War Memorial of Korea

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