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Ibn Battuta

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Title: Ibn Battuta  
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Subject: Africa–China relations, Abd al-Aziz of Mogadishu, ‘Aydhab, Joseph's Tomb, Parwan Province
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Ibn Battuta

FOOTNOTEHrbek1962421-425_18-0" class="reference">[19] Elad (1987) has shown that Ibn Battuta's descriptions of most of the sites in Palestine were not original but were copied (without acknowledgement) from the earlier rihla by the traveller Mohammed al-Abdari. Because of these difficulties, it is not possible to determine an accurate chronology of Ibn Battuta's travels in the region.[20]
  • ^ Most of Ibn Battuta's descriptions of the towns along the Tigris are copied from Ibn Jabayr's Rihla from 1184.[29][30]
  • ^ Ibn Battuta states that he stayed in Mecca for the hajj of 1327, 1328, 1329 and 1330 but gives comparatively little information on his stays. After the hajj of 1330 he left for East Africa, arriving back again in Mecca before the 1332 hajj. He states that he then left for India and arrived at the Indus river on 12 September 1333; however, although he does not specify exact dates, the description of his complex itinerary and the clues in the text to the chronology suggest that this journey to India lasted around three years. He must have therefore either left Mecca two years earlier than stated or arrived in India two years later. The issue is discussed by Gibb 1962, pp. 528–537 Vol. 2, Hrbek 1962 and Dunn 2005, pp. 132–133.
  • ^ This is one of several occasions where Ibn Battuta interrupts a journey to branch out on a side trip only to later skip back and resume the original journey. Gibb describes these side trips as "divagations".[57] The divagation through Anatolia is considered credible as Ibn Battuta describes numerous personal experiences and there is sufficient time between leaving Mecca in mid-November 1330 and reaching Eğirdir on the way back from Erzurum at the start of Ramadan (8 June) in 1331.[56] Gibb still admits that he found it difficult to believe that Ibn Battuta actually travelled as far east as Erzurum.[58]
  • ^ Bir al-Ksaib (also Bir Ounane or El Gçaib) is in northern Mali at . The oasis is 265 km (165 mi) south of Taghaza and 470 km (290 mi) north of Oualata.
  • ^ The location of the Malian capital has been the subject of considerable scholarly debate but there is no consensus. The historian, John Hunwick has studied the times given by Ibn Battuta for the various stages of his journey and proposed that the capital is likely to have been on the left side of the Niger River somewhere between Bamako and Nyamina.[105]
  • ^ Neither de Slane's 19th century catalogue[129] nor the modern online equivalent provide any information on the provenance of the manuscripts.[130] Dunn states that all five manuscripts were "found in Algeria"[131] but in their introduction Defrémery and Sanguinetti mention that the BNF had acquired one manuscript (MS Supplément arabe 909/Arabe 2287) from M. Delaporte, a former French consul to Morocco.[132]
  • ^ French: "La version de M. Lee manque quelquefois d'exactitude, même dans des passage fort simples et très-faciles."[136]
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