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Ibn Sa'd

 

Ibn Sa'd

Muslim historian
Muhammad ibn Sa'd ibn Mani' al-Hashimi
Title Ibn Sad and Katib ul-Waqidi
Born ca. 168AH 784
Died 230AH 845[1]
Era Islamic golden age
Jurisprudence Sunni
Main interest(s) History of Islam
Notable work(s) The book of The Major Classes

Muhammad ibn Sa'd ibn Mani' al-Baghdadi[2] or Ibn Sa'd (Arabic: ابن سعد‎), often called Katib ul-Waqidi, the scribe of Waqidi.

Biography

Ibn Sa'd was born in the year 168AH/784CE)[3] and died in 230AH/845CE.[3] He was a Sunni Muslim scholar of Islam and an Arabian biographer, received his training in the tradition from Al-Waqidi and other celebrated teachers. He lived for the most part in Baghdad, and had the reputation of being both trustworthy and accurate in his writings, which, in consequence, were much used by later writers.

Ibn Sa`d was from Basra, Iraq,[1] then lived in Baghdad in the 9th century. He is said to have died at the age of 62 in Baghdad. and was buried in the cemetery of the Syrian gate.

The Major Classes

The book of The Major Classes (Arabic: Kitab Tabaqat Al-Kubra) was is a compendium of biographical information about famous Islamic personalities. It is eight volumes long. This work contains the lives of Mohammed, his Companions and Helpers, including those who fought at the Battle of Badr as a special class, and of the following generation, the Followers, who received their traditions from the Companions. Ibn Saad's authorship of this work is attested in a postscript to the book added by a later writer. In this notice he is described as a "client of al-Husayn ibn `Abdullah of the `Abbasid family".[4]

Contents

  • Books 1 and 2 contain the sirah (biography) of Muhammad.
  • Books 3 and 4 contain biographic notices of companions of Muhammad.
  • Books 5, 6 and 7 contain biographic notices of later Islamic scholars.
  • Book 8 contains biographic notices of Islamic women.

Published edition

Arabic

  • This work was edited 1904-21 under the superintendence of E. Sachau (Leiden, 1904 sqq.); cf. O. Loth, Das Classenbuch des Ibn Sad (Leipzig, 1869).
  • In 1968, Iḥsân Abbâs edited it (Beirut: Dâr Sâdir).

English

  • Volumes 1 and 2 (of the Sachau edition) were translated in 1967 and 1972, respectively, by S. Moninul Haq, Pakistan Historical Society. Ibn Sa'd's Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir Vols. 1&2. ISBN 81-7151-127-9 [5]
  • Volumes 3, 5, 7 and 8 have been lately translated by Aisha Bewley and published under the titles of Companions of Badr, Men of Madina and Women of Madina.

See also

References

Template:1911

External links

  • Muhammad Ibn Sa'ad
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