World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ibrahim ibn Muhammad

Article Id: WHEBN0005590943
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ibrahim ibn Muhammad  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Al-Baqi', Destruction of early Islamic heritage sites in Saudi Arabia, Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad, 630 births, Qasim ibn Muhammad
Collection: 630 Births, 632 Deaths, Family of Muhammad, Male Sahabah
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ibrahim ibn Muhammad

Ibrahim ibn Muhammad (Arabic script إبرهيم بن محمد) was the male child of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and [1][2] Maria al-Qibtiyya. He was born in the last month of the year 8 AH, equivalent of ca 630 AD[3] His mother was a Coptic Egyptian slave who accepted Islam; sent as a gift from Muqawqis, a Byzantine official, to Muhammad in 628. The child was named after Abraham, the common ancestor of Muslims, Jews, and Christians. The child was placed in the care of a wet nurse called Umm Sayf, wife of Abu Sayf, the blacksmith, in the tradition of the Arabs of the time, to whom Muhammad gave some goats to complement her milk supply.[4]


  • Illness and death 1
  • Burial 2
  • The eclipse 3
  • Siblings 4
  • See also 5
  • External links 6
  • References 7

Illness and death

Ibrahim fell seriously ill sometime after the Battle of Tabuk, at which time he was reported as being either sixteen or eighteen months old. He was moved to a date orchard near the residence of his mother, under the care of her and her sister Sirin. When it was clear that he would not likely survive Muhammad was informed.[4]

His reaction to the news is reported as:


Grave of Ibrahim at Jannat-ul-Baqi, Medina

Muhammad is also reported as having informed Mariyah and Sirin that Ibrahim would have his own nurse in Paradise. Different accounts relate that the ghusl for Ibrahim was performed by either Umm Burdah, or al-Fadl ibn `Abbas, in preparation for burial. Thereafter, he was carried to the cemetery upon a little bier by the Prophet, his uncle al-`Abbas, and others. Here, after a funeral prayer led by Muhammad, he was interred. Muhammad then filled the grave with sand, sprinkled some water upon it, and placed a landmark on it, saying that "Tombstones do neither good nor ill, but they help appease the living. Anything that man does, God wishes him to do well."[4]

The eclipse

The death of Ibrahim also coincided with a solar eclipse (probably the annular eclipse which occurred in the early morning of 27 January 632, equivalent with the last or the penultimate day of Shawwal, 10 AH),[5][6] a phenomenon the Muslims began to circulate by rumor as a miracle. The word went out saying that the sun was eclipsed in sadness over the death of Ibrahim. Upon hearing this Muhammad is reported as saying "The sun and the moon are signs of God. They are eclipsed neither for the death nor birth of any man. On beholding an eclipse, therefore, remember God and turn to Him in prayer."[4]

Ibrahim died at the age of 16 or 18 months. This may have been at the time of another solar eclipse, which occurred on the afternoon of 3 August 631 (29 Rabi'Akhir 10 AH). However, according to modern astronomical calculations this eclipse was not visible from Mecca or Medina.[7]

Tabari says Ibrahim died at the age of 21 months. If Ibrahim was born in the last month of 8 AH, he would be 21 months in Shawwal 10 AH (January 632). So Ibrahim died on the 29th of Shawwal 10 AH, equivalent with Monday, 27 January 632, the day of solar eclipse.


See also

External links



  1. ^ Tafsir (Exegesis) of Quran by Ibn Kathir for Chapter 66 of Quran verses 1-5
  2. ^ Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/103
  3. ^ Ibn Kathir, quoting Ibn Saad
  4. ^ a b c d e Muhammad Husayn Haykal, Translated by Isma'il Razi A. al-Faruqi, The Life of Muhammad, American Trust Publications, 1976, ISBN 0-89259-002-5 [2]
  5. ^ Solar Eclipses of Historical Interest
  6. ^
  7. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.