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Indo-Aryan peoples

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Title: Indo-Aryan peoples  
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Subject: Indo-European migrations, Odia people, Tamils, Sockpuppet investigations/Pebble101, Newar people
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Indo-Aryan peoples

Indo-Aryan peoples
Geographical distribution of the major Indo-Aryan languages.
Total population
approximately 1.21 billion
Regions with significant populations
 India Over 856 mil[1]
 Pakistan Over 164 mil[2]
 Bangladesh Over 150 mil[3]
   Nepal Over 26 mil
 Sri Lanka Over 14 mil
 Burma Over 1 mil
 Maldives Over 300,000
Languages
Indo-Aryan languages
Religion
Indian religions (Mostly Hindu; with Sikh, Buddhist and Jain minorities) and Islam, some non-religious atheist/agnostic and Christians

Indo-Aryan peoples are an Indo-European ethnolinguistic group of peoples who speak Indo-Aryan languages. The Indo-Aryan languages belong to the Indo-European language family. Today, there are over one billion native speakers of Indo-Aryan languages, most of them native to South Asia, where they form the majority.

Contents

  • Indo-Aryan migrations 1
  • List of Indo-Aryan peoples 2
    • Historical 2.1
    • Contemporary 2.2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • Sources 6
  • External links 7

Indo-Aryan migrations

The Indo-European languages were introduced into northern India by Indo-Aryans. The Indo-Aryan migration theory[note 1] explains the introduction of the Indo-Aryan languages in the Indian subcontinent by proposing a migration from the Bactria-Margiana Culture (present-day northern Afghanistan) into the northern Indian Subcontinent (modern day India, Nepal and Pakistan). These migrations started approximately 1,800 BCE, after the invention of the war chariot, and also brought Indo-Aryan languages into the Levant and possibly Inner Asia. It was part of the diffusion of Indo-European languages from the proto-Indo-European homeland at the Pontic steppe, a large area of grasslands in far Eastern Europe, which started in the 5th to 4th millennia BCE, and the Indo-European migrations out of the Eurasian steppes, which started approximately 2,000 BCE.

The theory posits that these Indo-Aryan speaking people may have been a genetically diverse group of people who were united by shared cultural norms and language, referred to as aryā, "noble." Diffusion of this culture and language took place by patron-client systems, which allowed for the absorption and acculturalisation of other groups into this culture, and explains the strong influence on other cultures with which it interacted.The Proto-Indo-Iranians, from which the Indo-Aryans developed, are identified with the Sintashta culture (2100–1800 BCE),[5] and the Andronovo culture,[6] which flourished ca. 1800–1400 BCE in the steppes around the Aral sea, present-day Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. The proto-Indo-Iranians were influenced by the Bactria-Margiana Culture, south of the Andronovo culture, from which they borrowed their distinctive religious beliefs and practices. The Indo-Aryans split off around 1800-1600 BCE from the Iranians,[7] whereafter the Indo-Aryans migrated into the Levant and north-western India.

List of Indo-Aryan peoples

Historical

Contemporary

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The term "invasion" is only being used nowadays by opponents of the Indo-Aryan Migration theory.[4] The term "invasion" does not reflect the contemporary scholarly understanding of the Indo-Aryan migrations,[4] and is merely being used in a polemical and distractive way.

References

  1. ^ "India". The World Factbook. 
  2. ^ "Pakistan". The World Factbook. 
  3. ^ "Bangladesh". The World Factbook. 
  4. ^ a b Witzel 2005, p. 348.
  5. ^ Anthony 2007, p. 390 (fig. 15.9), 405-411.
  6. ^ Anthony 2009, p. 49.
  7. ^ Anthony 2007, p. 408.
  8. ^ a b  
  9. ^ a b  
  10. ^ Jindal, Mangal Sen (1992). History of origin of some clans in India, with special reference to Jats (Original from the University of Michigan). Sarup & Sons. pp. 29–36.  

Sources

  • Anthony, David W. (2007). The Horse The Wheel And Language. How Bronze-Age Riders From the Eurasian Steppes Shaped The Modern World. Princeton University Press. 
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Mallory, JP. 1998. "A European Perspective on Indo-Europeans in Asia". In The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Peoples of Eastern and Central Asia. Ed. Mair. Washington DC: Institute for the Study of Man.
  • Trubachov, Oleg N., 1999: Indoarica, Nauka, Moscow.
  • Witzel, Michael (2005), "Indocentrism", in Bryant, Edwin; Patton, Laurie L., TheE Indo-Aryan Controversy. Evidence and inference in Indian history (PDF), Routledge 

External links

  • Horseplay at Harappa - People Fas Harvard - Harvard University
  • A tale of two horses - Frontline
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