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Integrated library system

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Title: Integrated library system  
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Subject: Dynix (software), NewGenLib, Library portal, The Library Corporation, CONSORT Colleges
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Integrated library system

An integrated library system (ILS), also known as a library management system (LMS),[1][2] is an enterprise resource planning system for a library, used to track items owned, orders made, bills paid, and patrons who have borrowed.

An ILS usually comprises a relational database, software to interact with that database, and two graphical user interfaces (one for patrons, one for staff). Most ILSes separate software functions into discrete programs called modules, each of them integrated with a unified interface. Examples of modules might include:

  • acquisitions (ordering, receiving, and invoicing materials)
  • cataloging (classifying and indexing materials)
  • circulation (lending materials to patrons and receiving them back)
  • serials (tracking magazine and newspaper holdings)
  • the OPAC (public interface for users)

Each patron and item has a unique ID in the database that allows the ILS to track its activity.

Larger libraries use an ILS to order and acquire, receive and invoice, catalog, circulate, track and shelve materials. Smaller libraries, such as those in private homes or library computer system.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Pre-computerization 1.1
    • 1960s: the influence of computer technologies 1.2
    • 1970s–1980s: the early integrated library system 1.3
    • 1990s–2000s: the growth of the Internet 1.4
    • Mid 2000s–Present: increasing costs and customer dissatisfaction 1.5
    • 2010s–Present: the rise of cloud based solutions 1.6
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5

History

Pre-computerization

Prior to computerization, library tasks were performed manually and independently from one another. Selectors ordered materials with ordering slips, cataloguers manually catalogued items and indexed them with the card catalog system (in which all bibliographic data was kept on a single index card), fines were collected by local bailiffs, and users signed books out manually, indicating their name on cue cards which were then kept at the circulation desk. Early mechanization came in 1936, when the University of Texas began using a punch card system to manage library circulation.[3] While the punch card system allowed for more efficient tracking of loans, library services were far from being integrated, and no other library task was affected by this change.

1960s: the influence of computer technologies

Following this, the next big innovation came with the advent of MARC standards in the 1960s which coincided with the growth of computer technologies – library automation was born.[3] From this point onwards, libraries began experimenting with computers, and, starting in the late 1960s and continuing into the 1970s, bibliographic services utilizing new online technology and the shared MARC vocabulary entered the market; these included OCLC (1967), Research Libraries Group (which has since merged with OCLC), and Washington Library Network (which became Western Library Network and is also now part of OCLC).[4]

1970s–1980s: the early integrated library system

Screenshot of a Dynix menu

The 1970s can be characterized by improvements in computer storage as well as in telecommunications.[4] As a result of these advances, ‘turnkey systems on microcomputers,’[4] known more commonly as integrated library systems (ILS) finally appeared. These systems included necessary hardware and software which allowed the connection of major circulation tasks, including circulation control and overdue notices.[5] As the technology developed, other library tasks could be accomplished through ILS as well, including acquisition, cataloguing, reservation of titles, and monitoring of serials.[6]

1990s–2000s: the growth of the Internet

With the evolution of the Internet throughout the 1990s and into the 2000s, ILSs began allowing users to more actively engage with their libraries through OPACs and online web-based portals. Users could log into their library accounts to reserve or renew books, as well as authenticate themselves for access to library-subscribed online databases. Inevitably, during this time, the ILS market grew exponentially. By 2002, the ILS industry averaged sales of approximately US$500 million annually, compared to just US$50 million in 1982.[5]

Mid 2000s–Present: increasing costs and customer dissatisfaction

By the mid to late 2000s, ILS vendors had increased not only the number of services offered but also their prices, leading to some dissatisfaction among many smaller libraries. At the same time, open source ILS was in its early stages of testing. Some libraries began turning to such

  • MARC Records, Systems and Tools : Network Development and MARC Standards Office, Library of Congress
  • Higher Education Library Technology,(HELibTech) a wiki supported by SCONUL (Society of College National and University Libraries) that covers many aspects of library technology and lists technologies in use in UK Higher Education
  • Key resources in the field of Library Automation

External links

  • Olson, N. (2010). Taken for Granted - The Construction of Order in the Process of Library Management System Decision Making (Vol. 45). Göteborg / Borås: Valfrid publishing. [1]
  • Rubin, Richard E. Foundations of Library and Information Science. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc., 2004.

Further reading

  1. ^ Adamson, Veronica, et al. (2008). JISC & SCONUL Library Management Systems Study PDF (1 MB). Sheffield, UK: Sero Consulting. p. 51. Retrieved on 21 January 2009. "... a Library Management System (LMS or ILS 'Integrated Library System' in US parlance)." Some useful library automation software are: KOHA ,Grennstone .LIBsis, and granthlaya.
  2. ^ Tennant, Roy (16 April 2008). "Picking When to Jump, Part 2".  
  3. ^ a b Wallace, Patricia M. (1991). Gary M. Pitkin, ed. Library Systems Migration: An Introduction. Westport, CT: Meckler. pp. 1–7 [3].  
  4. ^ a b c Wallace, Patricia M. (1991). Gary M. Pitkin, ed. Library Systems Migration: An Introduction. Westport, CT: Meckler. pp. 1–7 [4].  
  5. ^ a b Kochtanek, Thomas R. (2002). "1 - The Evolution of LIS and Enabling Technologies". Library Information Systems: From Library Automation to Distributed Information Access Solutions. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited. p. 4.  
  6. ^ Kochtanek, Thomas R. (2002). "1 - The Evolution of LIS and Enabling Technologies". Library Information Systems: From Library Automation to Distributed Information Access Solutions. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited. p. 5.  
  7. ^ a b c Hamby, R.; McBride, R.; Lundberg, M. (Oct 2011). "South Carolina’s SCLENDS optimizing libraries, transforming lending". Computers in Libraries. 8 31: 6–10. 
  8. ^ Perceptions 2008: an International Survey of Library Automation. Librarytechnology.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
  9. ^ Perceptions 2009: an International Survey of Library Automation. Librarytechnology.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
  10. ^ Perceptions 2010: an International Survey of Library Automation. Librarytechnology.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
  11. ^ Perceptions 2011: an International Survey of Library Automation. Librarytechnology.org (2012-01-28). Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
  12. ^ Automation Marketplace 2013: The Rush to Innovate. Library Journal on thedigitalshift.com (2013-04-13). Retrieved on 2014-02-03.

References

See also

The use of cloud based library management systems has increased drastically since the rise of "cloud" technology started. Some common management systems include Libramatic, OCLC WorldShare, Alma, Aura Software and Librarika. Many modern cloud based solutions allow automated cataloging by scanning a book's ISBN. This technology was pioneered by Libramatic, although it is currently in use by systems such as Librarika.

2010s–Present: the rise of cloud based solutions

[12] of the libraries polled had adopted open source ILSs. The following year's survey (published in April 2013) reported an increase to 14%, stating that "open source ILS products, including Evergreen and Koha, continue to represent a significant portion of industry activity. Of the 794 contracts reported in the public and academic arena, 113, or 14 percent, were for support services for these open source systems." [11] and in 2011 11%[10] in 2010 12%,[9] of those surveyed used open source ILS, in 2009 the number increased to 8%,[8]

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