Internet sex addiction

Internet sex addiction, also known as cybersex addiction, has been proposed as a sexual addiction characterized by virtual Internet sexual activity that causes serious negative consequences to one's physical, mental, social, and/or financial well-being.[1][2] It may also be considered a subset of the theorized Internet addiction disorder.[3] Internet sex addiction manifests various behaviours: reading erotic stories;viewing, downloading or trading online pornography; online activity in adult fantasy chat rooms; cybersex relationships; masturbation while engaged in online activity that contributes to one's sexual arousal; the search for offline sexual partners and information about sexual activity.[3][4][5][6]

Contents

  • General 1
  • DSM classification 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6

General

Cybersex addiction is a form of sexual addiction and Internet addiction disorder.[3] As a form of a compulsive behavior, it can be identified by three criteria: the failure of making a decision about engagement in the behavior, obsession with the behavior, and the inability to stop the behavior despite negative consequences.[5]

Adults with this type of addiction, engage in at least one of the relevant behaviors. The majority of reasons why individuals experiment with such forms of sexual expression are diverse, and can be associated with an individual's psychological disorders or issues. Individuals who suffer from low self-esteem, severely distorted body image, untreated sexual dysfunction, social isolation, depression, or are in recovery from a prior sexual addiction are more vulnerable to cybersexual addictions .[3][4][7] Other psychological issues that may arise with this addiction include struggles for intimacy, self-worth, self-identity, self-understanding.[5]

DSM classification

Internet sex addiction is not listed in the DSM-5,[8] which is commonly used by psychiatrists in the United States.

See also

References

  1. ^ Stein, Dan J.; Hollander, Eric; Rothbaum, Barbara Olasov (31 August 2009). Textbook of Anxiety Disorders. American Psychiatric Pub. pp. 359–.  
  2. ^ Parashar A, Varma A (April 2007). "Behavior and substance addictions: is the world ready for a new category in the DSM-V?". CNS Spectr 12 (4): 257; author reply 258–9.  
  3. ^ a b c d Griffiths, Mark (November 2001). "Sex on the internet: Observations and implications for internet sex addiction.". The Journal of Sex Research 38 (4): 333–342.  
  4. ^ a b Young, Kimberly S. (September 2008). "Internet sex addiction: Risk factors, stages of development, and treatment.". American Behavioral Scientist 52 (1): 21–37.  
  5. ^ a b c Daneback, Kristian; Michael W. Ross; Sven-Axel Månsson (2006). "Characteristics and behaviors of sexual compulsives who use the internet for sexual purposes". Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 13 (1): 53–67.  
  6. ^ Laier, C.; Pawlikowski, M.; Pekal, J.; Schulte, F. P.; Brand, M. (2013). "Cybersex addiction: Experienced sexual arousal when watching pornography and not real-life sexual contacts makes the difference" (PDF). Journal of Behavioral Addictions 2 (2): 100.  
  7. ^ Cooper, Alvin; Coralie R. Scherer; Sylvain C. Boies; Barry L. Gordon (April 1999). "Sexuality on the Internet: From Sexual Exploration to Pathological Expression.". Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 30 (1): 154–164.  
  8. ^ American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. pp. 797–798.  

Further reading

  • Delmonico, David L.; Griffin, Elizabeth J. (2010). "Cybersex Addiction and Compulsivity". In Young, Kimberly S.; de Abreu, Cristiano Nabuco. Internet Addiction: A Handbook and Guide to Evaluation and Treatment. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 113–134.  
  • Delmonico, David L. (2002). "Sex on the superhighway: Understanding and treating cybersex addiction". In Carnes, P. J.; Adams, K. M. Clinical Management of Sex Addiction. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis. pp. 239–254. 
  • Delmonico, David L.; Griffin, Elizabeth J.; Carnes, P. J. (2002). "Treating online compulsive sexual behavior: When cybersex becomes the drug of choice.". In Cooper, A. Sex and the Internet: A Guidebook for Clinicians. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis. pp. 147–167. 
  • Schwartz, Mark F.; Southern, Stephen (2000). "Compulsive Cybersex: The New Tea Room". Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention 7 (1–2): 127–144.  
  • Schneider, Jennifer P. (2000). "Effects of cybersex addiction on the family: Results of a survey". Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention 7 (1–2): 31–58.  
  • Orzack, Maressa Hecht; Rossb, Carol J. (2000). "Should Virtual Sex Be Treated Like Other Sex Addictions?". Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention 7 (1–2): 113–125.  
  • Delmonico, David L. (1997). "Cybersex: High tech sex addiction". Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention 4 (2): 159–167.  

External links

  • Cybersexual Addiction Quiz
  • Internet Pornography and Sex Addiction Help through Supplementation
  • Internet Pornography and Masturbation Addiction Help
  • Using Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) to break away from pornography and masturbation addiction


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