World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

James Edward Wharton

Article Id: WHEBN0042109687
Reproduction Date:

Title: James Edward Wharton  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Camp Fremont, 112th Infantry Regiment (United States), List of New Mexico State University people, 9th Infantry Division (United States), 28th Infantry Division (United States)
Collection: 1894 Births, 1944 Deaths, American Military Personnel of World War I, American Military Personnel of World War II, Burials at Arlington National Cemetery, Industrial College of the Armed Forces Alumni, New Mexico State University Alumni, Operation Overlord People, People from Chaves County, New Mexico, Recipients of the Distinguished Service Medal (United States), Recipients of the Legion of Merit, Recipients of the Purple Heart Medal, United States Army Command and General Staff College Alumni, United States Army Generals, United States Army War College Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

James Edward Wharton

James Edward Wharton
Brigadier General James E. Wharton, commander of the 28th Infantry Division in World War II.
Born (1894-12-02)December 2, 1894
Elk, Chaves County, New Mexico
Died August 12, 1944(1944-08-12) (aged 49)
Sourdeval, Normandy, France
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1917–1944
Rank Brigadier General
Service number O-7025[1]
Unit 80th Infantry Division
(Assistant Division Commander)
9th Infantry Division
(Assistant Division Commander)
Commands held 1st Engineer Special Brigade

28th Infantry Division
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit
Purple Heart

James Edward Wharton (December 2, 1894—August 12, 1944) was a career United States Army officer who attained the rank of Brigadier General before being killed in action during World War II.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Start of career 2
  • World War II 3
  • Death and burial 4
  • Awards 5
  • Legacy 6
  • Family 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Early life

James E. Wharton was born in Elk, Chaves County, New Mexico on December 2, 1894.[2] He grew up in New Mexico and Arizona, and graduated from the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts at New Mexico State University in 1917.[3] He received his commission as a Second Lieutenant through the Reserve Officer Training Corps.[4]

Start of career

Wharton was an Infantry officer. His World War I and subsequent assignments included the 62nd and 57th Infantry Regiments in the Philippines, and he later served at Camp Fremont, Fort Benning, Fort Lee, and with the 3rd United States Infantry at Fort Snelling.[5][6][7] Wharton also served as an instructor at the United States Army Command and General Staff College.[8][9]

In addition to graduating from the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Wharton was a graduate of the Army Command and General Staff College, United States Army War College, and Army Industrial College.[10][11]

World War II

Wharton (left), escorts Admiral Harold Stark on Utah Beach.

He was Chief of the Officer Branch in the Personnel Division (G-1) of the War Department General Staff when the United States entered the war.[12] In March, 1942, he was promoted to the temporary rank of Brigadier General as Director of the Military Personnel Division in the Army Services of Supply.[13]

In 1943 he served as Assistant Division Commander of the 80th Infantry Division during its creation and initial training.[14]

Wharton commanded the

  • Army Distinguished Service Medal, James E. Wharton at Military Times Hall of Valor
  • James Edward Wharton at Arlington Cemetery.net
  • James Edward Wharton at Find a Grave

External links

  1. ^ U.S. Rosters of World War II Dead, 1939-1945, entry for James E. Wharton, retrieved March 4, 2014
  2. ^ Port of San Francisco, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1882-1957, U.S. Army Transport Thomas, entry for James E Wharton, April 26, 1923, page 107, retrieved February 28, 2014
  3. ^ New Mexico College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Annual Catalogue, 1919, pages 144, 165, 172, 205
  4. ^ U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, entry for James Edward Wharton, retrieved February 28, 2014
  5. ^ New Mexico World War I Records, 1917-1919, entry for James Edward Wharton, retrieved March 4, 2014
  6. ^ Army and Navy Register, The Army, April 23, 1921, page 417
  7. ^ Russell K. Brown, Fallen in Battle: American General Officer Combat Fatalities from 1775, 1988, page 153
  8. ^ Annual Report, 1936, page 3
  9. ^ Virginia Adjutant General, Annual Report, 1921, page 50
  10. ^ Wilson Allen Heefner, Twentieth Century Warrior: The Life and Service of Major General Edwin D. Patrick, 1995, page 61
  11. ^ Army and Navy Journal, Inc., The Army, 1940, Volume 77, Issues 27-52, page 606
  12. ^ John Greenwood, Normandy to Victory.
  13. ^ John Greenwood, editor, Normandy to Victory: The War Diary of General Courtney H. Hodges, 2008, page 429
  14. ^ Associated Press, Brig. Gen. Wharton Killed in Action, August 18, 1944
  15. ^ Joseph Balkoski, Beach: The Amphibious Landing and Airborne Operations on D-Day, page xviii
  16. ^ Alfred M. Beck, Technical Services, the Corps of Engineers, the War Against Germany, 1985, Page 337
  17. ^ United States Department of the Army Historical Division, United States Army in World War II: The War Department, Volume 6, 1961, page 511
  18. ^ Turner Publishing, 28th Infantry (Keystone) Division (Mechanized):125 Years of Service, 2005, page 43
  19. ^ Russell K. Brown, Fallen in Battle
  20. ^ U.S. National Cemetery Interment Control Forms, 1928-1962, entry for James E Wharton, retrieved February 28, 2014
  21. ^ Pennsylvania National Guard Military Museum, Biography, James E. Wharton, 2009
  22. ^ Military Times, Hall of Valor, Award Recipient: James E. Wharton, retrieved February 28, 2014
  23. ^ Arlington Cemetery.net, James E. Wharton, Brigadier General, United States Army, retrieved February 28, 2014
  24. ^ Stars and Stripes, 112th RCT Dedicates Heilbronn Barracks to Gen Wharton, June 25, 2952
  25. ^ Army Navy Register, Married, March 5, 1921, page 233
  26. ^ The News (Frederick Maryland), Obituary, Mrs. James E. Wharton, February 23, 1952
  27. ^ Gettysburg Times, Mount Grad Will Head Department, September 29, 1965
  28. ^ U.S. Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014,entry for Edward B. Wharton, retrieved February 28, 2014
  29. ^ U.S. Army World War II Enlistment Records, 1938-1946, entry for Edward B. Wharton, retrieved February 28, 2014
  30. ^ U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, BIRLS Death File, 1850-2010, entry for Edward B. Wharton, retrieved February 24, 2014

References

In 1921 Wharton married Madelyn Burke of Petersburg, Virginia (1893-1952).[25][26] Their children included sons Edward B. (1927-1991) and Robert H. (born 1929). Robert H. Wharton became a priest in 1954.[27][28][29][30]

Family

In 1952 the 112th Infantry Regiment was stationed in Heilbronn, Germany when the 28th Division was activated for the Korean War. The casern used as its headquarters was christened Wharton Barracks.[24] Wharton Barracks was closed in 1989.

Legacy

He was also awarded the Purple Heart.[23]

He was awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal for his achievements with the 1st Engineer Special Brigade and the 80th and 9th Infantry Divisions.[22]

Wharton received the Legion of Merit for superior service with the Services of Supply.[21]

Awards

Wharton was temporarily interred in France. He was later buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Section 34, Site 1198.[20]

On the same day that Wharton took command, he was visiting his front line units in order to gain an understanding of their current situation. He was shot and killed by a German sniper while at the command post of the 112th Infantry Regiment near Sourdeval, Normandy, France.[19] He was succeeded by Norman Cota.

Death and burial

On August 12, 1944 Wharton succeeded Lloyd D. Brown as commander of the 28th Infantry Division.[18]

After the D-Day invasion he served as Assistant Division Commander of the 9th Infantry Division.[17]

[16]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.