World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam

Article Id: WHEBN0002275564
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Afghanistan, Ahmad Shah Massoud, History of Afghanistan, Kabul, Politics of Pakistan, Taliban, Deobandi, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, Durand Line, Social conservatism
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Pakistan
Constitution

Politics portal

The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (also Jamiat-ul-Ulema-i-Islam, Urdu: جمیعت علمائے اسلام‎; JUI; lit. Assembly of Islamic Clergy), is a religious conservative political party or political bloc in Pakistan. It has been described as one the two largest and most influential religious parties in Pakistan (the other being Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan), as "orthodox" rather than "revivalist", and as Deobandi[1] in doctrinal orientation.[2] The bloc is described as "uncompromisingly rigid", insisting on strict enforcement of traditional Islamic law in the country.[3]

The JUI has three different political factions or parties:

  • JUI(S) led by Sami-ul-Haq;
  • Jamiat Ulama-e-Islam Nazryati (JUI(N)) led by Maulana Asmatullah Khan ;
  • "JUI(F)", led by Fazal-ur-Rehman is the largest and most influential faction. It is traditionally a strong proponent and ally of leftist PPP, and has been part of the leftist alliance led by PPP since 1988. Its rigidity notwithstanding, JUI(F) has been described as remaining politically "relevant" due to its "relative internal coherence" and "committed hardcore base", including youth recruited through the many traditional Islamic boarding schools in Pakistan known as madrasas.[2]

Background

As a Deobandi organization, JUI reflects reformist and scripturalist Islam with an emphasis on individual moral responsibility, education, and opposition to the practices of Sufi and Shia Islam.[4] The JUI formed when a minority of members led by Allamah Shabbir Ahmad Usmani broke from the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind in November 1945 after that organization backed the Indian National Congress against the Muslim League's lobby for a separate Pakistan.[5]

SInce independence the JUI has developed strong roots in Balochistan and the Frontier. It formed a coalition government with the NAP in both provinces, which were dismissed by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. Ideologically, JUI is described as uncompromisingly rigid, insisting on strict enforcement of traditional Islamic law.[3] JUI helped establish thousands of madrasahs in Pakistan, more than any other religious movement.[6]

Two leaders of factions -- Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman and Maulana Asmatullah Khan -- were members of the National Assembly of Pakistan as of 2008.[7]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Rashid, Haroon (2002-11-06). "Profile: Maulana Fazlur Rahman". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  2. ^ a b "Islamic Parties in Pakistan, Asia Report no.216, EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS". International Crisis Group. 12 Dec 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Schmidle, Nicholas (2008-01-06). "Next-Gen Taliban". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  4. ^ Talbot, Ian (1998). Pakistan, a Modern History. St Martin's Press. p. 408. 
  5. ^ Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam Assembly of Islamic Clergy Global Serurity.org
  6. ^ Rashid, Haroon (2002-11-06). "Profile: Maulana Fazlur Rahman". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  7. ^ Esposito, John L., Oxford Dictionary of Islam, OUP, (2008)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.