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Je languages

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Title: Je languages  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Indigenous languages of the Americas, Macro-Jê languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Je languages

Jê–Kaingang, Gê, Ye
Ethnicity: Gê peoples
Linguistic classification: Macro-Jê
  • Central Jê
  • Northwest Jê
  • Kaingáng
Ethnologue code: 17-3712

Jê languages proper (clear yellow) and other Macro-Jê languages (dark yellow) in modern times. Shadowed area represent approximately extension in the past.

The Jê languages (also spelled , Jean, Ye, Gean), or Jê–Kaingang languages, are spoken by the , a group of indigenous peoples in Brazil.

Family division

The language family is as follows:

  • Jaikó (†) (Northern Jê)
  • Central Jê
  • Northwest Jê
    • Apinayé
    • Mẽbengokre (Kayapó)
    • Panará (Kreen Akarore)
    • Suyá
    • Timbira (Canela-Krayô, with the Canela and Kreye dialects)
  • Kaingáng (Southern Jê)
    • Kaingáng
    • Xokleng
    • São Paulo Kaingáng (†)
    • Ingain (†)
    • Guayana (†)

Genetic relations

The Jê family forms the core of the Macro-Jê family. Kaufman (1990) finds the proposal convincing.

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