World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Julio González (sculptor)

Article Id: WHEBN0003044122
Reproduction Date:

Title: Julio González (sculptor)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pablo Picasso, Modern sculpture, Modern art, Sculpture, Els Quatre Gats
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Julio González (sculptor)

Julio González
Julio González, Monsieur Cactus, 1939
Born (1876-09-21)21 September 1876
Died 27 March 1942(1942-03-27) (aged 65)
Nationality Spanish
Education Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc
Known for Painting, Sculpture
Movement Cubism

Juli González i Pellicer (21 September 1876 - 27 March 1942) was a Spanish sculptor and painter who developed the expressive use of iron as a medium for modern sculpture.


Born in Barcelona, as a young man he worked with his older brother, Joan, in his father's metal smith workshop. Both brothers took evening art lessons at Barcelona's Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc, and in the late 1890s Julio introduced himself into Barcelona's artistic life, visiting Els Quatre Gats, a café which was the meeting point of many artists, especially those related with modernisme.[1] There he first met Pablo Picasso. After his father's death in 1896 and closing the family jewelry workshop, both brothers settled in Paris in 1900 after several temporary visits, but still traveled periodically to Barcelona for work reasons.[1]


Julio González, Visage criant a la grande main, 1941.

In Paris he associated with the Spanish circle of artists of Constantin Brâncuși's plasters.[2] In the winter of 1927-28, he showed Picasso how to use oxy-fuel welding and cutting.[2] From October 1928 till 1932, both men worked together—and in 1932, González was the only artist with whom Picasso shared his own personal art carnet.[2] Influenced by Picasso, the fifty-year-old González deeply changed his style, exchanging bronze for iron, and volumes for lines.[2]

In 1937 he contributed to the Spanish Pavilion at the World Fair in Paris (La Montserrat, standing near Guernica), and to Cubism and Abstract Art at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. That same year he moved to Arcueil, near Paris, where he died in 1942.

Public collections

The Art Institute of Chicago, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (Washington D.C.), the Honolulu Museum of Art, the Kröller-Müller Museum (Otterlo, Netherlands), the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Luís Ángel Arango Library (Bogotá, Colombia), the Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art (Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois), Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rennes (France), Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (Madrid) Museo Patio Herreriano de Valladolid (Spain), Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya (Barcelona, Spain), the Museum of Modern Art (New York City), the Nasher Sculpture Center (Dallas, Texas), the National Gallery of Scotland (Edinburgh), the Peggy Guggenheim Collection (Venice), the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Pompidou Center (Paris), the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (New York City), and the Tate Gallery (London) are among the public collections holding work by Julio González. The biggest collection of this artist's work is held by the IVAM (Valencia’s Institute of Modern Art), in the city of Valencia, Spain, with close to 400 pieces.[3]



  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b c d Le Monde, Julio Gonzalez, la révolution du fer, 4 July 2007 (French)
  3. ^

Further reading

  • Nancy Marmer, "Julio Gonzalez: Sculpture in Iron," Art in America, November/December 1978, pp. 23–24.

External links

  • Guggenheim Museum biography
  • The Legacy Project, Visual Arts Library
  • Spanish Painters, biographies
  • IVAM (Valencia’s Institute of Modern Art)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.