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Julis

Julis
  • ג'וּלִס, ג'וליס
  • جولس
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Ǧúlis
Julis is located in Israel
Julis
Coordinates:
Grid position 167/260 PAL
District Northern
Government
 • Type Local council (from 1967)
 • Head of Municipality Salman Amer
Area
 • Total 3,970 dunams (3.97 km2 or 1.53 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 5,400

Julis (Arabic: جولس‎, Hebrew: ג'וּלִס)[1] is a Druze village and local council in the Northern District of Israel.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
    • British rule 2.1
    • 1948, and aftermath 2.2
  • Landmarks 3
  • Notable residents 4
  • References 5
  • Bibliography 6
  • External links 7

Etymology

According to local legend, the name is derived from "Julius," the name of a Roman commander who camped in the area. Others say it is from the Arabic word for "sitting" - "jalis", as it is located on lower hills than the surrounding villages, and thus seems to be sitting.

History

According to the 1596 Ottoman tax records Julis had a predominantly Muslim (Druze?) population, with a total of 79 households. The taxable produce comprised wheat, barley, "summer crops", fruit trees, and "goats and bees". Julis also had a press for olive oil or grape syrup.[2] During the 16th century there was also a small Jewish population.[3]

In the early part of the 18th century Julis was one of the major cotton producing villages in the area.[4] Later in the same century it was one of five villages in nahiya ("subdistrict") Sahil Akka (Acre coast), which were owned directly by the governor of Acre, and were exempt from the usual Ottoman taxes.[5]

A map by Pierre Jacotin from Napoleon's invasion of 1799 showed the place, named as Gioules.[6]

In 1875, the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, which he called Djoules.[7] He noted that "before arriving at Julis I came upon a small plateau pierced by many cisterns. The cisterns and the cut stones which are built up in the modern houses show that the place is the site of an ancient town or village. On a neighbouring hill a waly is consecrated to the Sheikh Aly.'"[8] In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Julis as "a village built of stone containing about 200 Druzes, surrounded by olives and arable land."[9]

British rule

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jules had a total population of 446; 442 Druzes, 3 Christians and 1 Muslim.[10] All the Christians were Orthodox.[11]

In the 1931 census it had increased to a population of 614; 586 Druse, 26 Christians, and 2 Muslims, in a total of 123 houses.[12]

In 1945 the population of Julis was 820, all Arabs, and the total land area was 14,708 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 1,347 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 6,568 used for cereals,[14] while 63 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[15]

1948, and aftermath

Grave of Sheikh Ali Fares, Julis

Julis was captured by the Israeli army during Operation Dekel, 8-14 July 1948. Unlike many of the neighbouring villages the inhabitants were allowed to remain in their homes.[16]

Julis was declared a local council in 1967. The head of the local council is Salman Hino. The population was estimated at 5,400 residents at the end of 2007.[17] The annual population growth rate was 1.8%. All of the residents adhere to the Druze faith.

In 2000, a high percentage (72.1%, compared to 60.3% in Tel Aviv) of all high school students received a matriculation certificate. The mean income was NIS 5,067 per month (over the year 2007), compared to a national average of NIS 6,743.

Landmarks

  • Druze Center House[18]
  • Maqam Shaykh al-Farsi - This is located to the south of the old village, consisting of two older buildings and a domed one. In an open area there are two cenotaphs with inscriptions which record the life of Shaykh al-Farsi. His date of death is given as 1167 H (1753-1754 C.E.).[19]
  • Sheik Ali Faris cave - Located about 2 kilometers North-East of Julis. In this cave Sheik Ali Faris resided and did his contemplation.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.43
  2. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 191. Quoted in Petersen, 2001, p. 191
  3. ^ Alex Carmel, Peter Schäfer and Yossi Ben-Artzi (1990). The Jewish Settlement in Palestine, 634–1881. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients : Reihe B, Geisteswissenschaften; Nr. 88. Wiesbaden: Reichert. p. 94. 
  4. ^ Cohen, 1973, p. 12. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.191
  5. ^ Cohen, 1973, pp. 126, 133. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 191
  6. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 162
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 8
  8. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 8, as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 169
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 146. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 191
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Acre, p. 36
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 50
  12. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 101
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 40
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 80
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 130
  16. ^ Morris, 1987, p. 198
  17. ^ "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF).  
  18. ^ The Druze Center House - Hebrew Website
  19. ^ Petersen, 2001, p.191

Bibliography

  • Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine. 
  • Cohen, Amnon (1973). Palestine in the Eighteenth Century: Patterns of Government and Administration. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, Cited in Petersen, (2001)  
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  •  
  •  
  • Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. Cited in Petersen, 2001.  
  • Karmon, Y. (1960). "An Analysis of Jacotin's Map of Palestine" (PDF). Israel Exploration Journal 10 (3,4): 155–173; 244–253. 
  • Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. 
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  • Petersen, Andrew (2001). A Gazetteer of Buildings in Muslim Palestine (British Academy Monographs in Archaeology) 1.  

External links

  • News website of Julis
  • Welcome To Julis
  • Survey of Western Palestine, Map 3: IAA,
  • Map, 1946
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