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Kabaddi in India

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Kabaddi in India

Kabaddi in India
Country India
National team India

Kabaddi(Devnagari : कबड्डी) It is one of the most popular sports in India, played mainly among people in villages.It is regarded as a team-contact sport as a recreational form of combat training. Two teams occupy opposite halves of a small field and take turns sending a raider into the other half, in order to win points by tagging/wrestling members of the opposing team; the raider then tries to return to his own half while holding his breath and chanting "kabaddi, kabaddi, kabaddi" during the whole raid. India has taken part in four Asian Games in kabaddi, and won gold in all of them. There are 4 forms of kabaddi played in India are Amar, Suranjeevi, Huttuttoo, and Gaminee. Amar is generally played in Punjab, Haryana, America, Canada, and other parts of the world, mostly by Punjabi sportsmen. Suranjeevi is the most played form of kabaddi in India and the world. This is the form used in international matches generally and played in Asian Games. Huttuttoo was played by men in Maharashtra State.

India won the Kabaddi World Championship in 2007, beating Iran 29-19.[1]

India is also the host to World's first Kabaddi League. The league follows the Formula 1 touring sports format and will be played across four continents starting from August to December 2014.[2] The word Kabaddi has actually originated from Sanskrit roots (Kar-badhi). The origin of the word could be confused with several other Indian languages as all most all North Indian languages have originated from Sanskrit. It is the state game of Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu in India where a related game of Sadugudu is played, and Maharashtra in India. It is played by the British Army for fun, to keep fit and as an enticement to recruit soldiers from the British Asian community. The game is also played extensively in the small town of Peebles in the Scottish Borders, mainly in the local primary school playground, where it is favoured to more traditional childhood past-times such as 'British bulldogs' and 'Kiss, Cuddle and Torture'.

India won the 2013 Kabaddi World Cup held at Guru Nanak Stadium, Ludhiana, (Punjab) India.

History and development

Women playing Kabaddi/Sadugudu in Tamil Nadu

Modern Kabaddi is a synthesis of the game played in various forms under different names.[3] Kabaddi received international exposure during the 1936 Berlin Olympics, demonstrated by Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal, Amaravati, Maharashtra. The game was introduced in the Indian Olympic Games at Calcutta in 1938. In 1950 the All India Kabaddi Federation came into existence and compiled standard rules. The Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI) was founded in 1973. After formation of the Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India, the first men's nationals were held in Madras (renamed Chennai), while the women's were in Calcutta (renamed Kolkata) in 1955.The AKFI has given new shape to the rules and has the right to modify them. The Asian Kabaddi Federation (AKF) was founded under the chairmanship of Mr. Janardan Singh Gehlot.

Kabaddi was introduced and popularised in Japan in 1979. The Asian Amateur Kabaddi Federation sent Professor Sundar Ram of India to tour Japan for two months to introduce the game.

In 1979, a return test between Bangladesh and India was held at different places of India including Mumbai, Hyderabad, and Punjab. The Asian Kabaddi Championship was arranged in 1980 and India emerged as champion and Bangladesh runner-up. Bangladesh became runner-up again in 1985 in the Asian Kabaddi Championship held in Jaipur, India. The other teams in the tournament were Nepal, Malaysia and Japan. The game was included for the first time in the Asian Games in Beijing in 1990. India, China, Japan, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh took part. India won the gold medal and has also won gold at the following six Asian Games in Hiroshima in 1994, Bangkok in 1998, Busan in 2002, Doha in 2006 and Guangzhou in 2010.

An attempt to popularise kabaddi in Great Britain was carried out by Channel 4, who commissioned a programme dedicated to the sport. The programme, Kabaddi in the early 1990s, however, failed to capture viewer attention despite fixtures such as West Bengal Police versus the Punjab. Kabaddi was axed in 1992, but not before its presenter Krishnan Guru-Murthy suffered a collapsed lung while participating in the sport.[4] Alt-rock band The Cooper Temple Clause formed a kabbadi team in 2001 and were, at one stage, ranked seventh in the British domestic standings.[4]

In the 1998 Asian games held at Bangkok (Thailand), the Indian Kabaddi team clinched the gold medal. The chief coach of the team was former kabaddi player and coach Flt. Lt. S P Singh. [5]

India national Kabaddi team

India national kabaddi team represents India in international kabaddi India national kabaddi team competitions.[6] India won Gold medals Asian Games in 1990, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010.

India's performance in World Cup

India has won all five Kabaddi world cups played till now. In all the five world cups, India remained unbeaten throughout the tournament. Iran is the two times runner-up of world cups.All the world cups were held in India.[7][8]
Year India's Position Last Match played by India Winner Runner-up
2013
Details
Winner India vs.
Pakistan (Final match)
48 – 39

India
 Pakistan
2011
Details
Winner India vs.
Canada (Final match)
59 – 25

India
 Canada
2010
Details
Winner India vs.
Pakistan (Final match)
58 – 24

India
 Pakistan
2007
Details
Winner India vs.
Iran (Final match)
29 – 19

India

Iran
2004
Details
Winner India vs.
Iran (Final match)
55 – 27

India
 Iran

India's performance in Asian Games

Year Host Final Third place match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd place Score 4th place
1990
Details
Beijing
India

Bangladesh

Pakistan

Japan
1994
Details
Hiroshima
India

Bangladesh

Pakistan

Japan
1998
Details
Bangkok
No playoffs
Pakistan

Bangladesh
No playoffs
Sri Lanka
2002
Details
Busan
India
No playoffs
Bangladesh

Pakistan
No playoffs
Japan
2006
Details
Doha
India
35–23
Pakistan

Bangladesh
37–26
Iran
2010
Details
Guangzhou
India
37–20
Iran

Pakistan
No playoffs
Japan

India's performance in Asian Indoor games

Year Host Final Third place
Gold Score Silver Bronze Bronze
2007
Details
Macau
India
35–17
Pakistan

Bangladesh

Iran
2009
Details
Hanoi
India
57–33
Iran

Bangladesh

Sri Lanka

India's performance at SAF Games

India is very strong in Kabaddi as these results show. India won 7 gold medals out of a possible 8 until the 2006 SAF games.

Year Winner Runner-up 3rd Place Reference
2010
Details

India

Pakistan
 Bangladesh
   Nepal
2006
Details

India

Pakistan

Bangladesh
2004
Details

India

Pakistan

Bangladesh
1999
Details

India

Pakistan

Sri Lanka
1995
Details

India

Bangladesh

Pakistan
1993
Details

Pakistan

India

Bangladesh
1989
Details

India

Pakistan

Bangladesh
1987
Details

India

Bangladesh

Pakistan
1985
Details

India

Bangladesh

Pakistan

India women's national kabaddi team

India women's national kabaddi team represents India in international women's kabaddi events.[9]

World Cup

Year India's position Last match played by India Winner Runner-up
2013
Details
Winner India vs. New Zealand (Final match)
49 – 21

India

New Zealand
2012
Details
Winner India vs. Iran (Final match)
25 – 19

India

Iran

Asian Games

Year Host Final Third place
Winner Score Runner-up
2010
Details
Guangzhou
India
28–14
Thailand

Iran

Bangladesh

South Asian Games

Year Winner Runner-up 3rd Place Reference
2010
Details

India

Bangladesh

Nepal



Sri Lanka

International competitions

Kabaddi World Cup

The 2010 Kabaddi World Cup from 3 to 12 April 2010. On 12 April 2010 Indian team emerged as the winner after beating Pakistan in the finals. The opening match of the tournament was held in Patiala while the closing ceremony took place in Ludhiana. India won the first edition of the Circle Style Kabaddi World Cup, Beating rival Pakistan in a 58–24 victory. The final of this 10-day tournament was played at Guru Nanak Stadium.

Pro kabaddi league

Pro kabaddi league was introduced in 2014 in India based on Indian premier league.The first edition of the tournament had begun at 26 July 2014 with eight franchises based at eight different cities in India consisting of players from all over the world.The team jaipur pink panthers based at jaipur is owned by Bollywood star Abhishiek bachchan who said he wants to promote kabaddi. The other teams are namely U mumba based at mumbai,bengaluru bulls based ato bengaluru,delhi dabbangs based at delhi,puneri paltans based at pune,Telugu titans based at vizag,Bengal warriors based at kolkata and patna pirates based at patna.

The opening match was held at mumbai where Amitabh bachchan was found cheering for his son's team.Aishwarya rai was also present with Abhishek bachchan.Together with them Bollywood stars Shahrukh khan, Aamir khan, Suniel shetty, Sonali bendre, Farah khan, Boman irani and producer Ronnie screwvala cheering for his team Jaipur Pink Panthers were present at the stadium.

Indian star cricketer Sachin Tendulkar was present with his wife and daughter who said he enjoyed the speed,agility and strength of the players of the sport very much.

Rakesh kumar the captain of the Indian kabaddi team who has received an Arjuna award and also the captain of patna pirates was also present at the inaugural matches who said it is a pleasure to see kabaddi getting recognition through the tournament.

Rakesh kumar was the highest bought player in the auction by patna pirates for 12.80 lakhs held before the tournament.

The broadcast rights were bagged by the star sports network .The matches start at 7:45 pm through the month of august on star sports 2 channel in English and star gold channel in Hindi.

World Kabaddi League

World Kabaddi League has been introduced in 2014. The First Season of the League would be played in August–December 2014. The league follows the Formula 1 touring sports format and will be played across four continents.[10] The first season will be played from August 2014 to December 2014.[11] Indian rapper Yo Yo Honey Singh bought a team and named in Yo Yo Tigers.Bollywood actors and actress Akshay Kumar and Sonakshi Sinha also bought a team in WKL United Singh's is a team of Bollywood actress Sonakshi Sinha[12]

Federations

India

The Kabaddi Federation of India (KFI) was founded in 1950, and it compiled a standard set of rules. The Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI) was founded in 1973. The AKFI has given new shape to the rules and it has also the rights of modification in the rules. The Asian Kabaddi Federation was founded under the chairmanship of Sharad Pawar.

The Governing body of Kabaddi in Asia is Asian Kabaddi Federation (AKF) headed by Mr. Janardan Singh Gehlot. AKF is affiliated to Olympic Council of Asia. Parent body to regulate the game at international level is International Kabaddi Federation (IKF). India won the world cup in December 2013 by defeating Pakistan in finals at Punjab

In 1979, a return test between Bangladesh and India was held at different places of India including Mumbai, Hyderabad, and Punjab. The Asian Kabaddi Championship was successfully arranged in 1980 and India emerged as the champion and Bangladesh as the runners-up. Bangladesh became runners-up again in 1985 in Asian Kabaddi Championship held in Jaipur, India. The other teams included in the tournament were Nepal, Malaysia and Japan. Kabaddi was played as a demonstration sport at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. The game was included for the first time in Asian Games held in Beijing in 1990. Eight countries took part including India, China, Japan, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh. India won the gold medal and has since won gold at the following three Asian Games in Hiroshima in 1994, Bangkok in 1998, Busan in 2002, and in Doha 2006.

In 2014, India introduced the Pro Kabaddi League, an eight-city league with games to be played on a caravan basis with each team playing each other twice in July and August, 2014. In a significant value addition to Kabaddi, these were carried live on prime time TV by the international broadcaster, Star Sports for millions to view across India and the world.

Asia Kabaddi Cup

The Asia Kabaddi Cup has been held twice in consecutive years. The Inaugural tournament was held in the year 2011 in Iran. In 2012, the Asia Kabaddi Cup was held in Lahore, Punjab from 1 to 5 November. It is considered one of the biggest events for circle style kabaddi.

In 2012 ASIA Kabaddi Cup held in Lahore, Pakistan in 2012 was won by Pakistan against India with a technical win with score 37–31 after Indian team rejected to play further.

UK Kabaddi Cup

The UK Kabaddi has been happening for many years, but received major recognition during the 2013 UK Kabaddi Cup. It will be one of the biggest international level kabaddi tournaments to happen in England. It featured the national Kabaddi teams from, India, England, Pakistan, USA, Canada and a local club team, Golden Temple (SGPC).

Kabaddi World Cup

Men World Cup

The Kabaddi World Cup was first played in 2004 and then in 2007 and 2010. So far India is the unbeaten champion in Kabaddi World Cup. Pakistan and Iran are the next most successful nations, with the former being runners-up thrice and the latter twice. Note that Pakistan did not play the first two editions of the Kabaddi World-Cup (2004 and 2007) due to political tensions with the host nation India.

Results of Kabaddi World Cup to date:

Year Final match
2004 India 69 – 0 Iran
2007 India 69 – 0 Iran
2010 India 69 – 0 Pakistan
2011 India 69 – 0 Canada
2012 India 69 – 0 Pakistan
2013 India 69 – 0 Pakistan
Women World Cup

The Women's Kabaddi World Cup was first played in 2012 in Punjab , India. India won the championship defeating Iran in the finals.India retained the title in 2013 by defeating the debutants New Zealand in the finals. [13]

Results of Kabaddi World Cup to date:

Year Final match
2012 India 25 – 19 Iran
2013 India 49 - 21 New Zealand

2ND WORLD CUP KABADDI FOR WOMEN 2013 held in India. The Indian women's kabaddi team successfully defended their title. They defeated the New Zealand women's kabaddi team in the finals.

1ST WORLD CUP KABADDI FOR WOMEN 2012 Final Match PLAYERWISE DETAIL SCORE CARD OF INDIA VERSUS I.R OF IRAN

Toss won by Team I.R. OF IRAN, Choice = Court
1 Point 2 Bonus 3 Other 4 Catch 1+2+3+4 Total Lona point Total point Player Name and Chest No.
1 1 1 Suvarna Bartakhe
Krishna (India)
3 3 3 Abhilasha Mhatre (India)
2 1 3 3 Priyanka Negi (India)
Rashamita Sahoo (India)
7 1 8 8 Mamatha Poojari – Captain (India)
Deepika Henary Joseph – Vice Captain (India)
Vindyavasini Sinha (India)
Promila (India)
3 3 3 Kavita Devi (India)
R. Nagalakshmi (India)
5 5 5 Priyanka (India)
13 2 0 8 23 2 25 INDIA Team Total
2 1 1 4 4 Salimeh Abdollahbakhsh (Iran)
1 1 1 Farideh Zarif Doost (Iran)
1 1 1 Zohreh Tributinezhad (Iran)
2 2 2 Zahra Masoumabadi (Iran)
1 1 1 3 3 Sedigheh Jafarikalokan (Iran)
4 3 1 8 8 Ghazal Khalaj (Iran)
Roghayeh Abdollahi (Iran)
Mona Norouzianfar (Iran)
Hajar Shahin Kamal Aghaei (Iran)
Nirouyar Fatema (Iran)
Zahra Raitiminejad ( Manager ) (Iran)
Azam Maghsodlou ( Head coach ) (Iran)
7 6 0 6 19 0 19 I.R OF IRAN Team Total

1st Women World Cup -LudhianaPunjab

Women's teams

Women's kabaddi was first introduced in the 2010 Guangzhou Asian Games. India won gold and Thailand were runner-up with silver. Bangladesh and Iran were knocked out in the semi-finals and shared bronze.

India

Domestic competitions

Pro Kabaddi League: The Pro Kabaddi League (PKL) is a professional kabaddi league in India, based on the format of the Indian Premier League.[1] The first edition of the tournament started on 26 July 2014 with eight franchises consisting of players from around the world.It is currently supervised by Mashal Sports Managing Director Charu Sharma.[2]

See also

Films about kabaddi

Pop culture references In the 1993 movie Little Buddha in which Keanu Reeves plays the Siddhartha Gautama, a game of kabbadi is depicted.

References

  1. ^ "Welcome to International Kabaddi Federation". Kabaddiikf.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  2. ^ "World kabaddi league to be launched in India in mid-June". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 7 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Origin, History and Development of Kabaddi". Retrieved 20 April 2008. 
  4. ^ a b http://www.scribd.com/doc/13255740/Siddhi-TimesMarch-2009-DrCommander-Selvam
  5. ^ "India Take Kabaddi Gold". rediff.com. Retrieved 15 September 2012. 
  6. ^ India national kabaddi team
  7. ^ http://www.kabaddiikf.com/results2007.htm | World Cup 2007
  8. ^ http://www.kabaddiikf.com/worldcup.htm | World Cup 2004
  9. ^ India women's national kabaddi team
  10. ^ http://www.worldkabaddileague.net
  11. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/sports/more-sports/others/Worlds-first-kabaddi-league-launched-in-India/articleshow/34743552.cms
  12. ^ http://ibnlive.in.com/news/rapper-honey-singh-buys-team-in-world-kabaddi-league-names-it-yo-yo-tigers/485294-5-23.html
  13. ^ "India win first women's Kabaddi World Cup". Hindustan Times. 4 March 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
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