World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Kamboj

Kamboj
Regions with significant populations
India • Pakistan
Languages
PunjabiDogriHindiUrdu
Religion
HindusimIslamSikhism
Related ethnic groups
Muslim Kamboh

The Kambojs (Hindi: कम्बोज Kamboj, Urdu: کمبوہALA-LC: Kamboh, Punjabi: ਕੰਬੋਜ Kamboj), also Kamboh, is a community mainly in the Northern India and eastern Pakistan.

Contents

  • During Muslim rule 1
  • Present day 2
    • Traditions 2.1
    • Agriculturists 2.2
  • Notable people 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

During Muslim rule

During the early years of Islam in India, one of the groups of this clan embraced Islam at the instance of Shaikh Bahauddin Zakariya Suhrawardi (of Multan) and his son Shaikh Sadruddin.[1]

Some Kamboj, such as Shahbaz Khan Kamboh,[1] occupied key military and civil positions during the Turkic and the Moghul reign in northern India.[2] The historian M. Athar Ali said that "The Sayyids and the Kambohs among the Indian Muslims were specially favoured for high military and civil positions during Moghul rule".[3]

Muhammad Umar writes:

The (Muslim) Kamboh distinguished themselves by their courage, generosity and high spirits. They were famous for their excellent manners and were particularly gifted with wisdom and nobility....In terms of social stratification, the Kambohs were counted among the Shaikhs ... Among the Indian Muslims, the Kambohs were regarded as the noblest of all. However, perhaps with a view to maintaining the purity of their descent, or because of pride of nobility, they confined their matrimonial relationships within their own groups and did not establish marriage connections with other Muslim groups including even the Saiyids and the Mughals. Some members of this clan like Shahbaz Khan Kamboh, Nawab Abu Muhammad Khan, Bahadur Khan and Nawab Khair Andesh Khan rose to high positions during the reign of Mughals.They were also considered as Jatts due to their traditional activities. [1]

Present day

The Kambojs/Kambohs practiced weapon-worship in the past but the practice is now going out of vogue.[4]

Traditions

Hindu Kambohs claim to be related to the Rajputs or Kshatriyas .They came in the period of Mahabharat to the regions where they live now.[5]

Agriculturists

Numerous foreign and Indian writers have described the modern Kambojs/Kambohs as one of the finest class of agriculturists of India.[6]

The majority of Krishi Pandit awards in Rajasthan/India have been won by the Kamboj agriculturists.[7] Col Lal Singh Kamboj, a landlord from Uttar Pradesh, was the first Indian farmer to win the Padma Shri award for progressive farming in 1968.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Muslim Society in Northern India During the Eighteenth Century, 1998, pp 24, 25 Muhammad Umar
  2. ^ See: The composition of the Mughal nobility, The New Encyclopædia Britannica, 1993, p 70, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., Robert McHenry; See also: Concise Encyclopædia Britannica, Online.
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Jatt Tribes of Zira, p 138
  5. ^ Encyclopedia of Sikh Religion & Culture, 1997, p 24, Gobind Singh Mansukhani, Romesh Chander Dogra.
  6. ^ India and World War 1, 1978, p 218, DeWitt C. Ellinwood, S. D. Pradhan; The Transformation of Sikh Society, 1974, p 132, Ethne K. Marenco
  7. ^ Origin of names of Castes and Clans, 2004,Principal Sewa Singh.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.