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Title: Karuri  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kiambu County, Machakos County, Kajiado County, Local authorities of Kenya, Tala, Kenya, Kiambaa Constituency
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Location of Karuri

Coordinates: 0°44′S 37°03′E / 0.73°S 37.05°E / -0.73; 37.05

Country Kenya
Province Central Province
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Karuri is a town in Kiambu District (Kiambu East), Central Province, Kenya. The town hosts a town council.

The Council borders the city of Nairobi to the South for about 20 km from Nairobi City, Kikuyu Town Council to the West, Limuru Municipal Council to the North and Kiambu Municipal Council to the East. It covers an area of 46 km2. with a population of 105,506 people, of which 19,746 are classified as urban (1999 census[1]).

The Council’s main town, Karuri, was established as a meeting center in the pre-colonial era where Kikuyu paramount Chiefs used to meet for deliberations. The town derived its name from a paramount chief, namely Karuri Wa Gakure who used to travel all the way from Tuthu in the slopes of Aberdare Range to meet his counterparts like Kinyanjui Gathirimu.

Proximity to the city of Nairobi and adequate transportation has attracted many people working in Nairobi and other neighbouring towns to the few urban centres within the Town Council in search of cheaper accommodation. In many circles, the Council has always been referred to as The “Domitories” of Nairobi.

The Town serves as the divisional headquarters for Kiambaa division thereby boosting its growth. It was made Urban Council in 1988 under Kiambu County Council with an area of 44.8 km2. The Town Council was upgraded into a Township in 1997 with an area of 46 km2.

The Council falls in the Hinterland, which has fertile soils that are well drained. The Council enjoys good climatic conditions as most areas in central province. The Council lies in the east highlands of the Rift Valley, enjoying moderate climate, and within a coffee – growing zone even though bordering a tea – growing zone.

Hills, Plateaus and High-level structural plains that make it fairly easy for the development of road network characterize Karuri Town Council. The Council does not have major rivers. The altitude ranges between 1500 and 1800 metres above sea level.

The soils are developed on undifferentiated tertiary volcanic and basic igneous rocks. They are well-drained, shallow, dark reddish brown though in some places they are imperfectly drained, very deep, dark gray to black, with calcareous, slightly saline deep sub-soil. They are of moderately high fertility. The crops that are grown are coffee, maize, horticultural crops, fruits and dairy farming.

Other physical features include steep slopes and valleys that are unsuitable for cultivation.

Rainfall regime around Karuri is bimodal, with long rains occurring between April and May while short rains fall from October to November. Average temperature, which is determined by altitude range from 20.4 degrees in the upper highland to 34 degrees in the lower midland.

The Council consists of Four Electoral wards namely;

The four wards elect one councillor each. The total number of Councillors is six with one nominated councilor and an appointed public officer. All these wards are part of the Kiambaa Constituency.

According to 1979 census the area had a population of 45,000 people. In 1989 census the population had grown to 73,000 people. The population has been growing tremendously as a result of the influx of the working-class people from Nairobi coming to look for cheap and convenient accommodation in this township. Many people working in Nairobi resides in the periphery towns like Gachie, Kihara, Ruaka, Ndenderu and Karuri. Market Centres attract people because it offers business and employment opportunities. This urban population will provide labour and market as we prepare for industrialization take off and kenya metropolitan vision 2030.

Population projection is estimated to be 109,599 people coming year 2005. The population growth rate around Karuri stands at 2.87%. The same growth rate has been used to compute the population projection of this Council.

Population analysis per the LADP 2001 show women are more than men hence a high reproductive capacity. Age between 0-44 comprises 83.6% of the total population. Population in this category is the very needy in terms of social amenities, services and related infrastructure. It’s the same population which contributes to the Council’s revenue thus the Council is embarking on investing adequately in terms of service provision.


Coordinates: 0°42′S 37°11′E / 0.700°S 37.183°E / -0.700; 37.183

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