World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kay Stammers

Article Id: WHEBN0007150126
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kay Stammers  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Simonne Mathieu, List of Wimbledon ladies' doubles champions, British Hard Court Championships, Phoebe Holcroft Watson, Lesley Turner Bowrey
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kay Stammers

Kay Stammers
Full name Katherine Esther Stammers
Country (sports)  United Kingdom
Born (1914-04-03)3 April 1914
St Albans, England
Died 23 December 2005(2005-12-23) (aged 91)
Louisville, USA
Singles
Grand Slam Singles results
French Open QF (1934)
Wimbledon F (1939)
US Open SF (1935, 1936, 1939)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
French Open W (1935)
Wimbledon W (1935, 1936)
US Open F (1939)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
US Open F (1935)

Katherine "Kay" Esther Stammers (3 April 1914[1] – 23 December 2005[2]) was a female tennis player from the United Kingdom.

Contents

  • Career 1
  • Appearance 2
  • Personal life 3
  • Grand Slam tournament finals 4
    • Singles: (1 runner-up) 4.1
    • Doubles: (3 titles, 1 runner-up) 4.2
    • Mixed doubles: (1 runner-up) 4.3
  • Grand Slam singles tournament timeline 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7

Career

Stammers was born in St Albans, United Kingdom where her parents taught her to play tennis on the grass court at their family home.[3] Left-handed and with a good forehand,[3] Stammers played an attacking style of tennis[3] and was trained by Dan Maskell.[4]

Stammers played in an era when the women's game was dominated by Helen Wills Moody, Helen Jacobs, and Alice Marble.[4] But Stammers defeated Jacobs in a 1939 Wimbledon semifinal and in singles matches at the 1935 and 1936 Wightman Cup.[4] At the 1935 Kent championships in Beckenham, England, Stammers became the first British player to beat Moody in 11 years.[4]

According to A. Wallis Myers and John Olliff of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, Stammers was ranked in the world top ten in 1935, 1936, 1938, 1939, and 1946, reaching a career high of World No. 2 in those rankings in 1939.[5]

Stammers won the women's doubles title at Wimbledon in 1935 and 1936 with partner Freda James Hammersley.[6] She also won the women's doubles title at the 1935 French Championships with partner Peggy Scriven. Her best performances in women's doubles at the US Championships were in 1936, 1937, and 1938 when she reached the semifinals and in 1939 when she reached the final. In the 1936 semifinal, she and partner Marble were defeated by Jacobs and Sarah Palfrey Cooke 6–2, 21–19. In the 1939 final, she and partner Hammersley lost to Marble and Cooke 6–1, 6–2.

Appearance

Stammers' physical appearance ensured that she attracted more than the usual interest from the press[4] and public. In 1936, for example, an article in Time magazine described her (somewhat patronisingly) as "pretty Kay Stammers, whom English critics like to describe as the 'typical' British girl tennist, and who likes lacrosse, cricket, lump sugar and planters' punches."[7] Stammers' tennis clothes were much detailed in the newspapers. She designed her own shorts in uncrushable linen cut full to four inches above the knee and wore them with an open-necked shirt.[3] While playing on the west coast of the United States, Stammers visited Hollywood studios and had a screen test.[3] She dated John F. Kennedy and was photographed with him at the Kennedy family's Hyannis Port compound.[3] She said that JFK was "spoilt by women. I think he could snap his fingers and they'd come running. And of course he was terribly attractive and rich and unmarried – a terrific catch really ... I thought he was divine."[3]

Personal life

In 1939, Stammers married Michael Menzies, then in the Welsh Guards.[3] During World War II, Stammers played exhibition matches on behalf of the Red Cross and served as an ambulance driver.[4] When the war ended, she captained Britain's Wightman Cup team for a couple of years.[4] In 1949, she and her husband moved to South Africa, where Menzies set up Hill Samuel's South African operation.[4] They remained there for nearly 20 years, until he was transferred to New York City to head the office there.[4] She had two sons and a daughter with him.[4]

After her divorce from Menzies in 1974, she married lawyer Thomas Walker Bullitt, whom she had met on the American tennis circuit.[3] Bullitt had been educated in England, came from one of Kentucky's oldest families, and had been an aide to Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery during World War II.[3] The couple lived at Oxmoor Farm, near Louisville, Kentucky, which had been in the Bullitt family for ten generations.[3] Stammers laid out and maintained an English garden and indulged her passion for racehorses.[3] She helped run the annual steeplechases on the estate course in aid of a children's charity and, under the Oxmoor Charities Corporation, helped to plan schooling for event riders and summer concerts.[3]

Stammers continued to be interested in tennis throughout her life and attended Wimbledon annually until late in her life when she was no longer able to travel.[4] She died at her home in Louisville and was buried in the family cemetery on 28 December 2005.

Grand Slam tournament finals

Singles: (1 runner-up)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1939 Wimbledon Championships Grass Alice Marble 2–6, 0–6

Doubles: (3 titles, 1 runner-up)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1935 French Championships Clay Margaret Scriven Ida Adamoff
Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling
6–4, 6–0
Winner 1935 Wimbledon Championships Grass Freda James Hammersley Simonne Mathieu
Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling
6–1, 6–4
Winner 1936 Wimbledon Championships Grass Freda James Hammersley Helen Jacobs
Sarah Palfrey Cooke
6–2, 6–1
Runner-up 1939 U.S. Championships Grass Freda James Hammersley Sarah Palfrey
Alice Marble
5–7, 6–8

Mixed doubles: (1 runner-up)

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1935 U.S. Championships Grass Roderich Menzel Sarah Palfrey
Enrique Maier
4–6, 6–4, 3–6

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline

Tournament 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 – 1944 1945 19461 19471 Career SR
Australia A A A A A A A A A A NH NH A A 0 / 0
France A A 3R QF 1R A A A A NH R A A A 0 / 3
Wimbledon 2R 4R 4R 3R QF QF 4R QF F NH NH NH QF QF 0 / 11
United States A A A QF SF SF QF QF SF A A A 3R A 0 / 7
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 21

NH = tournament not held.

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.

A = did not participate in the tournament.

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

See also

References

  1. ^ Birthday
  2. ^ Obituary
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Kay Stammers obituary
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Kay Stammers obituary
  5. ^ Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 702.  
  6. ^ "Wimbledon player archive – Kay Menzies (Stammers)". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC. 
  7. ^ Favorite at Forest Hills
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.