World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

KazCosmos


The National Space Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы Ұлттық ғарыш агенттiгi), also known as KazCosmos, or KazKosmos, is Kazakhstan's national space agency, and was officially established on March 27, 2007.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Cosmonaut corps 1.1
    • Satellites 1.2
  • Operations 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

History

Cosmonaut corps

On 7 January 2000, the Kazakhstani government decreed it would form a cosmonaut corps.[2] At that time, two Kazakh cosmonauts had already flown, Toktar Aubakirov in 1991, and Talgat Musabayev (1994, 1998; later 2001).[3] Out of 2000 candidates, two were selected, Aidyn Aimbetov and Mukhtar Aymakhanov, in 2002.[4] They were sent to Star City for training from 2003 until 2009, when the world financial crisis indefinitely postponed the spaceflight. In 2009, they returned to work in KazCosmos.[5] They had originally been projected for a spaceflight in 2005 or 2006.[6] Aymakhanov left Kazakhstan in 2012 to become a Russian citizen to pursue a cosmonaut career.[7] Aimbetov was still ready for spaceflight in April 2015. In June 2015, he was selected as the replacement for Sarah Brightman on Soyuz TMA-18M/Soyuz TMA-16M, who had declined to fly, and her backup Satoshi Takamatsu also declined. Soyuz TMA-18M will launch in September 2015.[8] Aimbetov had originally been projected to fly on a 2017 launch.[9] Aidyn Aimbetov launched from Baikonaur on 2 September 2015 aboard Soyuz TMA-18M, docked with the International Space Station, and returned on 11 September 2015 aboard Soyuz TMA-16M, touching down on the Kazakhstan Steppe, having spent 10 days in space.[10][11]

Satellites

The year prior to establishment, on June 18, 2006, the communications satellite KazSat 1 was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome, marking the beginning of Kazakhstan's independent inflight space operations.[12] In 2008 communications with the satellite ended, and it was declared lost.[13] The next planned satellite, KazSat 2, has experienced a series of delays, but was launched on July 16, 2011 on board a Proton rocket. KazSat 2 was built by Krunichev and Thales Alenia Space Italy.[14] KazCosmos signed also the contract with ISS-Reshetnev and Thales Alenia Space Italy on June 21, 2011 for the third telecommunications satellite, named KazSat 3.

Operations

The head of the agency, Talgat Musabayev, is a veteran of three spaceflights, including two long-duration stays aboard the Russian space station Mir. Musabayev says that the Baikonur Cosmodrome, which is in Kazakhstan, is the main component of the cooperation between the Russian and Kazakh space programs.[12] The Russians still heavily use Baikonur for launches.

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ http://kazcosmos.gov.kz/en/news/140114.html
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b
  13. ^
  14. ^

External links

  • Kazcosmos website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.