World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kilingi-Nõmme

Article Id: WHEBN0010889065
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kilingi-Nõmme  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Saarde Parish, Ants Laaneots, Transport in Estonia, Velle Kadalipp, Tihemetsa
Collection: Cities and Towns in Estonia, Former Municipalities of Estonia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kilingi-Nõmme

Kilingi-Nõmme
Town
The main street in Kilingi-Nõmme
The main street in Kilingi-Nõmme
Flag of Kilingi-Nõmme
Flag
Coat of arms of Kilingi-Nõmme
Coat of arms
Kilingi-Nõmme is located in Estonia
Kilingi-Nõmme
Kilingi-Nõmme
Location in Estonia
Coordinates:
Country Estonia
County Pärnu County
Municipality Saarde Parish
First mentioned 1560
Borough rights 1919
Town rights 1 May 1938
Area
 • Total 4.26 km2 (1.64 sq mi)
Population (2011 Census[1])
 • Total 1,763
 • Density 410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 86301 to 86305
Area code(s) (+372) 44
Vehicle registration F

Kilingi-Nõmme is a town in Pärnu County, southwestern Estonia. It is the administrative centre of Saarde Parish. It's located on the intersection of ValgaUulu (Valga–Pärnu, nr 6) and TartuViljandi–Kilingi-Nõmme (nr 92) roads, about 11 km (7 mi) from the Estonian border with Latvia.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Population 2
  • Notable people 3
  • References 4

History

The settlement was first mentioned in 1560 when a manor named Ovelgunne (also Kurkund) belonging to the Schilling family was established. In 1789 a tavern was opened in the nearby Nõmme farmstead. Hence the name "Kilingi-Nõmme", Kilingi derived from the Schilling surname. In the 1870s when most of the manor's land was handed out to Orthodox believers, the settlement started to develop faster. Local congregation was established in 1845, and a parish school three years later. Kilingi-Nõmme was then the centre of the surrounding Saarde Parish.[2][3]

After the establishment of sawmill, flour mill and spinning factory, Kilingi-Nõmme gained the borough rights in 1919 and eventually the town rights on 1 May 1938.[2]

In 1896, a PärnuMõisakülaRūjienaValga narrow gauge railway (750 mm (2 ft 5 12 in)) was built, the station in Kilingi-Nõmme was opened in 1917, before that the nearest station was Woltveti 1.7 km (1.1 mi) southeast in Tihemetsa. In 1975 the narrow gauge railway was closed and a new 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) Russian gauge railway (1,524 mm (5 ft)) was opened in 1981 as part of the TallinnPärnuRiga railway. Eventually this was also closed in 2000 and dismantled in 2008.

After the reindependence of Estonia in 1991, Kilingi-Nõmme served as a sovereign municipality, but merged with neighbouring Saarde and Tali parishes in 2005, and became the centre of the new Saarde Parish.[2]

Population

As of 2011 Census, the town's population was 1,763.[1]

Population development[2]
Year 1900 1928 1934 1959 1970 1979 1989 2000 2003 2006 2008 2010
Population ca 500 1422 1663 2141 2319 2507 2504 2223 2207 2144 2106 2082

Notable people

  • Reio Avaste (born 1976), architect
  • Liisi Koikson (born 1983), singer
  • Neeme Kuningas (born 1955), actor and stage director
  • Ants Laaneots (born 1948), military commander
  • Lauri Laasi (born 1974), politician
  • Paul Lilleleht (1893–1955), military commander
  • Marie Reisik (1887–1941), politician and women's rights activist
  • Mart Siimann (born 1946), politician
  • Helene Vannari (born 1948), actress
  • Toomas Voll (born 1958), composer and choral conductor

References

  1. ^ a b "Population by place of residence (settlement), sex and age".  
  2. ^ a b c d "Kilingi-Nõmme" (in Estonian). Eesti Entsüklopeedia. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  3. ^ "Kiling-Nõmme" (in Estonian). eestigiid.ee. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.