World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kiryat Gat

Kiryat Gat
  • קִרְיַת גַּת
  • كريات جات
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Qiryat Gat
Flag of Kiryat Gat
Official logo of Kiryat Gat
Coat of arms
Kiryat Gat is located in Israel
Kiryat Gat
Kiryat Gat
Location of Kiryat Gat in Israel
District Southern
Founded 1972
 • Type City
 • Mayor Aviram Dahari
 • Total 17,102 dunams (17.102 km2 or 6.603 sq mi)
Population (Dec 2013)[1]
 • Total 49,352

Kiryat Gat (Hebrew: קִרְיַת גַּת), is a city in the Southern District of Israel. It lies 56 kilometres (35 mi) south of Tel Aviv, 43 kilometres (27 mi) north of Beersheba, 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Gaza, and 68 kilometres (42 mi) from Jerusalem. At the end of 2012, the city had a total population of 48,275.[1]


  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Economy 4
  • Transportation 5
  • Schools and education 6
  • Twin towns — Sister cities 7
  • Notable people 8
  • References 9
  • Bibliography 10
  • External links 11


Kiryat Gat is named for Gath, one of the five major cities of the Philistines. In Hebrew, "gat" means "winepress". In the 1950s, archaeologists found ruins at a nearby tell which were mistaken for the Philistine city of Gath. The location most favored for Gath now is Tel es-Safi, thirteen kilometers (8.1 miles) to the northeast.[2]


Historical setting of Kiryat Gat

Kiryat Gat was established in 1955 as a development town by 18 families from Morocco.[3] It was founded just west of the ruins of the Palestinian village Iraq al-Manshiyya, which was depopulated in 1949 after the 1948 Palestine war.[4][5] The former location of Iraq al-Manshiyya is now within the built-up area of Kiryat Gat.[5][6] By 1992, Kiryat Gat had grown and spread also on to the land formerly belonged to the village of Al-Faluja.[7]

The population rose from 4,400 inhabitants in 1958 to 17,000 in 1969, mostly Jewish immigrants from North Africa. The economy was initially based on processing the agricultural produce of the Lachish region, such as cotton and wool. In December 1972, Kiryat Gat's municipal status was upgraded and it became Israel's 31st city.[8]

During the 1990s, the mass immigration of Soviet Jews to Israel brought many new residents to the town and its population grew to 42,500 by 1995.[9] The development of the Rabin industrial zone on the eastern edge of the city, and the opening of Highway 6 further improved the economy of the city.


In 2012, the ethnic makeup of the city was 93.8 percent Jewish.[10] In its early years, Kiryat Gat was populated mainly by Jews of Sephardi/Mizrahi origin. Since the mass immigration of Soviet Jews, approximately one third of the inhabitants hail from the former Soviet Union.[11]


The Polgat textile factory was the main employer in the town until it closed in the 1990s. In 1999, Intel opened a chip fabrication plant, known as Fab 18, to produce Pentium 4 chips and flash memories. Intel received a grant of $525 million from the Israeli government to build the plant. In February 2006, the cornerstone was laid for Intel's second Kiryat Gat plant, Fab 28. Despite this, Kiryat Gat has one of Israel's highest unemployment rates.[11][12]


Kiryat Gat residential towers and park

Kiryat Gat is served by the Kiryat Gat Railway Station on the Tel Aviv - Be'er Sheva inter-city line of Israel Railways. Kiryat Gat is situated between two major highways, Highway 40 to the west of the town and Highway 6.

Schools and education

Kiryat Gat has 25 schools with an enrollment of 10,676. Of these schools, 18 are elementary schools with a student population of 5,498, and 13 are high schools with a student population of 5,178. In 2001, 54.7% of Kiryat Gat's 12th grade students graduated with a matriculation certificate. Kiryat Gat has a Pedagogic Center, science centers, a computerized library and a center devoted to industry, art and technology.[3] In 2012, a high school student from Kiryat Gat won first prize in the First Step to Nobel Prize in Physics competition.[13]

Twin towns — Sister cities

Kiryat Gat is twinned with:

Notable people


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 108
  5. ^ a b Sheet Hebron of 100,000 topological map series, Survey of Israel, 1956.
  6. ^ Google maps.
  7. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 97
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ (Hebrew)
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^
  13. ^ Kiryat Gat teen wins first prize in international physics competition, Haaretz
  14. ^
  15. ^


External links

  • Official website (Hebrew)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.