World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Klipspringer

Article Id: WHEBN0000492951
Reproduction Date:

Title: Klipspringer  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bovidae, Neotragini, Wildlife of Zimbabwe, Cabela's African Safari, Himalayan tahr
Collection: Afrikaans Words and Phrases, Animals Described in 1834, Dwarf Antelopes, Fauna of East Africa, Mammals of Africa, Mammals of Angola, Mammals of Botswana, Mammals of Djibouti, Mammals of Eritrea, Mammals of Ethiopia, Mammals of Kenya, Mammals of Malawi, Mammals of Mozambique, Mammals of Namibia, Mammals of Nigeria, Mammals of Rwanda, Mammals of Somalia, Mammals of South Africa, Mammals of South Sudan, Mammals of Sudan, Mammals of Swaziland, Mammals of Tanzania, Mammals of the Central African Republic, Mammals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mammals of Uganda, Mammals of Zambia, Mammals of Zimbabwe
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Klipspringer

Klipspringer
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Antilopinae
Genus: Oreotragus
A. Smith, 1834
Species: O. oreotragus
Binomial name
Oreotragus oreotragus
(Zimmerman, 1783)
Klipspringer range.[2]

The klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus) is a small species of African antelope.

Contents

  • Name 1
  • Distribution and habitat 2
  • Description 3
  • Predators 4
  • Diet 5
  • Behavior 6
  • References 7

Name

The word klipspringer literally means "rock jumper" in Afrikaans. The klipspringer is also known colloquially as a mvundla (from the Xhosa umvundla, meaning "rabbit").

Distribution and habitat

The klipspringer lives from the Cape of Good Hope, where it is found in mountain fynbos, through the rest of Southern Africa, where it is found in rocky koppies in woodland and savanna, north to East Africa and into the highly mountainous highlands of Ethiopia.

Description

A pair of klipspringers

Reaching approximately 58 cm (23 in) at the shoulder, klipspringers are smaller than most other antelopes. They stand on the tips of their hooves and can fit all four hooves on a piece of cliff the size of a Canadian dollar coin (Loonie), roughly 30 mm in diameter. Male klipspringer horns are usually about 10–15 cm (3.9–5.9 in) long. Female klipspringers in eastern African populations also have horns.

With a thick and dense, speckled "salt and pepper" patterned coat of an almost olive shade, klipspringers blend in well with the koppies (rock outcrops) on which they can usually be found. Additionally, their hair is hollow, which aids them in regulating their temperature.[3] However, their agility on rocks and crags is so extreme that their most dangerous enemies are eagles and humans, so camouflage is not as important to them as to most other antelope.


Predators

Klipspringers are preyed upon by leopards, caracals, eagles and humans.

Diet

Klipspringers are herbivores, eating plants growing in mountainous habitats and rocky terrain. They never need to drink, since the succulents they consume provide them with enough water to survive.

Behavior

Klipspringers form breeding pairs rather than herds. The pairs mate for life and will spend most of their lives in close proximity to each other. When one klipspringer is eating, the other will assume lookout duty, helping to keep the pair aware of any predators.

The mating season for klipspringers is from September through January. The gestation period is about 214 days.

References

  1. ^ IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). Oreotragus oreotragus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  2. ^ IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) 2008. Oreotragus oreotragus. In: IUCN 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. http://www.iucnredlist.org Downloaded on 18 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Trophy Klipspringer Hunting In South Africa". Big Game Hunting Adventures. 
  • IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). Oreotragus oreotragus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  • Klipspringer at Animal Diversity Web
  • Klipspringer at WildInfo


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.