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Title: Koryu  
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For the professional sumo wrestler, see Kōryū Tadaharu. For the fictional ship Koryu, see Sky Girls.
Centuries of feudal warfare in Japan, and the desire to perfect the skills for war, led to the creation of the traditional schools of Japanese martial arts.
Japanese name
Kanji: 古流 (Koryū) or
古武道 (Kobudō)
Hiragana: こりゅう

Koryū (古流 old style?) and kobudō (古武道 ancient martial arts[1]?) are Japanese terms that are used to describe Japanese martial arts that predate the Meiji restoration (1868). The term is contrasted with shinbudo "new martial way",[2][3] or Gendai budo "modern martial arts", both terms used for Japanese schools developed after the Meiji Restoration.[2][3]


In Japanese, kobudō 古武道 and ko-ryū 古流 are normally treated as synonyms (for example, All Japan Kendo Federation,[4]). The International Hoplology Society, makes a distinction between kobudō and ko-ryū concerned the origin and the difference between the ranking of priorities concerning combat, morals, discipline and/or aesthetic form.[5]

Description of Koryū

This term literally translates as "old school" (ko—old, ryū—school) or "traditional school". Koryū is also a general term for Japanese schools of martial arts that predate the Meiji Restoration (1868) which sparked major socio-political changes and led to the modernization of Japan.[6]

The system of koryū is considered in following priorities order: 1) combat, 2) discipline 3) morals.[7][8]

Description of Kobudō

Kobudō (古武道 kobudō?) is a Japanese term for a system that can be translated as (old) (martial) (way) "old martial way"; the term appeared in the first half of the seventeenth century.[9] Kobudō marks the beginning of the Tokugawa period (1603-1868) also called the Edo period, when the total power was consolidated by the ruling Tokugawa clan.[10]

The system of kobudō is considered in following priorities order: 1) morals, 2) discipline 3) aesthetic form.[11][12]

Okinawan kobudō

Kobudō must not to be confused with Okinawan kobudō which may be used to describe collectively all Okinawan combative systems. These are entirely different and basically unrelated systems. The use of the term kobudō should not be limited, as it popularly is, to the describing of the ancient weapons systems of Okinawa.[13][14]

Examples of skills taught in koryū or kobudō

See also


External links

  • What is Koryu?
  • in English. Provides articles and links to books.
  • KoryuWeb in French and English.

Template:Japanese martial arts

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