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Kosmos 1375

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Kosmos 1375

Kosmos 1375 (Russian: Космос 1375 meaning Cosmos 1375) was a target satellite which was used by the Soviet Union in the 1980s for tests of anti-satellite weapons as part of the Istrebitel Sputnik programme.[1] It was launched in 1982, and was itself part of the Dnipropetrovsk Sputnik programme.[2] It was a target for Kosmos 1379.

It was launched at 17:10 UTC on 6 June 1982,[3] using a Kosmos-3M carrier rocket,[4] flying from Site 132/2 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Northwest Russia. This was the final launch of a satellite as part of the Dnipropetrovsk Sputnik programme. The first DS launch, DS-1 #1, occurred in 1961, and the first successful launch was Kosmos 1 in 1962.

Kosmos 1375 was placed into a low Earth orbit with a perigee of 986 kilometres (613 mi), an apogee of 1,003 kilometres (623 mi), 65.8 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 105 minutes.[2] On 18 June 1982, it was successfully intercepted and destroyed by Kosmos 1379 in the final Soviet anti-satellite weapons test to be conducted. As of 2009, debris is still in orbit.[1][5]

Kosmos 1375 was the last of ten Lira satellites to be launched,[2] of which all but the first were successful. Lira was derived from the earlier DS-P1-M satellite, which it replaced.

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