Kosmos 453

Kosmos 453 (Russian: Космос 453 meaning Cosmos 453), known before launch as DS-P1-Yu No.44, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1971 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 325-kilogram (717 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used as a radar calibration target for anti-ballistic missile tests.[1]

Kosmos 453 was successfully launched into low Earth orbit on 19 October 1971, with the rocket lifting off at 12:40:01 UTC.[2] The launch took place from Site 133/1 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome,[3] and used a Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket. Upon reaching orbit, it was assigned its Kosmos designation, and received the International Designator 1971-090A.[4]

Kosmos 453 was the forty-sixth of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched,[1] and the forty-first of seventy two to successfully reach orbit.[5] It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 266 kilometres (165 mi), an apogee of 471 kilometres (293 mi), 70.9 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.9 minutes.[1][6] It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 19 March 1972.[6]

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