World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

LAN Airlines

LAN Airlines
IATA ICAO Callsign
LA LAN LAN CHILE
Founded March 5, 1929 (as Línea Aeropostal Santiago-Arica)
June 17, 2005 (as LAN Airlines)
Hubs Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport
Secondary hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program LANPASS
Airport lounge VIP Lounge Neruda / Mistral
Alliance Oneworld
Subsidiaries
Fleet size 150 (mainline only)
Destinations 66 (mainline only)
Company slogan El encanto de volar
(The charm of flying)
Parent company LATAM Airlines Group
Headquarters Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
Key people
Revenue Increase US$ 5.7 billion (2011)
Net income Decrease US$ 320.2 million (2011)
Website .com.lanwww

LAN Airlines S.A. is a group of South American airlines based in Buenos Aires) airports.

LAN Airlines is the flag carrier of Chile, the predominant airline in Chile and Peru, and the second largest carrier in Argentina, Colombia and Ecuador, through its local subsidiaries. LAN is one of the largest airlines in Latin America, serving Latin America, North America, the Caribbean, Oceania, and Europe. The carrier has been a member of the Oneworld airline alliance since 2000. It is the 49th oldest air carrier in the world from its foundation date, and the 10th oldest airline in operation today.

LATAM Airlines Group was formed after the takeover by LAN of Brazilian TAM Airlines which was completed on June 22, 2012.[1] In August 2015, it was announced that the two airlines would fully rebrand as LATAM, with one livery to be applied on all aircraft by 2018.[2][3] Currently, LAN and TAM continue to work as a different companies.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Early years 1.1
    • Post-War and international service expansion 1.2
    • Privatization and internationalization 1.3
    • LATAM Airlines Group 1.4
  • Corporate affairs 2
    • Subsidiaries 2.1
    • Cargo branches 2.2
    • Former subsidiaries 2.3
  • Destinations 3
    • Codeshare agreements 3.1
  • Fleet 4
    • Retired fleet 4.1
  • LANPASS 5
  • Lounges 6
  • South America AirPass 7
  • Incidents and accidents 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

Early years

DH 60G Gipsy Moths in service with LAN-Chile, 1933

The airline was founded by Chilean Air Force Commodore Arturo Merino Benitez (after whom Santiago International Airport is named), and began operations on March 5, 1929 as Línea Aeropostal Santiago-Arica (English: Postal Air Line Santiago-Arica), under the government of President Carlos Ibáñez del Campo. In 1932 It was rebranded as Línea Aérea Nacional de Chile (In English: National Air Line of Chile), using the acronym LAN-Chile as commercial name. LAN-Chile's first fleet consisted of de Havilland Moth planes.[4]

Merino Benitez was a strong defender of Chilean carriers exclusivity on domestic routes, differing from most Latin American countries which easily granted authorization on domestic flights to US-based Panagra, influenced by the propaganda made by Charles Lindbergh's Atlantic crossing.[5] Also because of this reason, US-built airplanes became more difficult to incorporate to LAN's fleet until the beginning of WWII. In 1936, 2 French Potez 56 airplanes were purchased while in 1938, 4 German Junkers Ju 86 were incorporated to the fleet. During that same year, a joint cooperation agreement was established with Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano and the Peruvian carrier Faucett. Another agreement with Lufthansa was signed for flights to & from Europe and America's Atlantic coast. [5]

LAN-Chile Douglas DC-3 added to the fleet in 1945

In 1940, given the restrictions imposed during WWII on access to spare parts for the Junker's BMW engines, LAN-Chile had to replace them for Lockheed Electra A-10 planes, adding in 1941 further Lockheed Lodestar C-60 and Douglas DC-3 in 1945.

Post-War and international service expansion

On August 23, 1945, LAN-Chile became a member of the newly formed IATA. In October 1946, it started international service to Buenos Aires at Morón Airport and in 1947 to Punta Arenas, Chile's most distant continental destination.[6]

In December 1954, LAN-Chile made its first commercial flight to Lima, Perú. On December 22, 1956 a LAN-Chile Douglas DC-6 made the world's first commercial flight over Antarctica. Since then, all LAN's DC-6 fleet had painted on their fuselage "Primeros sobre la Antártica (First over Antarctica)", using this same aircraft type for its first commercial service to Miami International Airport in 1958.[7]

LAN-Chile entered the jet era in 1963, purchasing three French Sud Aviation Caravelle VI-R, which initially flew to Miami, Guayaquil, Lima, Panama City and within Chile to Punta Arenas, Puerto Montt and Antofagasta.[8]

A LAN-Chile Boeing 707 at Paris-Orly Airport in 1981

In 1966, LAN-Chile purchased from

  • Official website (Mobile)
  • LAN Airlines inflight magazine

External links

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ "LAN and TAM to operate as LATAM with a new livery" retrieved 9 August 2015
  3. ^ "LATAM's entire fleet to have new livery by 2018" retrieved 9 August 2015
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b
  10. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 26, 1970. 487. "Head Office: Los Cerrillos Airport, Santiago, Chile."
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ "Annual Report 2010." (Archive) LAN Airlines. p. 7. Retrieved on January 25, 2013. "Corporate Headquarters Avenida Presidente Riesco 5711 20th Floor Las Condes, Santiago, Chile"
  19. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 27-April 2, 1991. 99. "Head Office: Estado 10, Santiago, Chile."
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^ http://www.airfleets.net/flottecie/LAN%20Chile-history-b757.htm
  29. ^
  30. ^ Terms and Conditions Of the LANPASS frequent flyer program
  31. ^ a b c
  32. ^
  33. ^ Aviation Safety Network CC-CLD accident synopsis retrieved September 8, 2011.]
  34. ^ Aviation Safety Network CC-CCG accident synopsis retrieved May 28, 2010.
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^ Accident Database: Accident Synopsis 02201991
  42. ^

References

  • On February 19, 1991, a chartered BAe 146–200 operating LAN Chile Flight 1069, overran the runway on landing at Puerto Williams in southern Chile and sank in the nearby waters. Of the 73 people aboard, 20 perished.[40][41][42]
  • On August 4, 1987, a Boeing 737-200, while on the approach at El Loa Airport, landed short of the displaced threshold of runway 27. The nosegear collapsed and the aircraft broke in two. A fire broke out 30 minutes later and destroyed the aircraft. The threshold was displaced by 880m due to construction work. There was one fatality.[39]
  • On August 3, 1978, a Boeing 707 registered as CC-CCX was approaching Ministro Pistarini International Airport in thick fog when it struck trees in a gentle descent, some 2500 metres short of the runway threshold and 300 metres out of line with the runway centreline. All 63 people on board the aircraft survived the accident.[38]
  • On December 5, 1969, a Douglas C-47A registration CC-CBY, crashed shortly after takeoff from El Tepual Airport, Puerto Montt. The aircraft was operating a cargo flight; all three people on board survived.[36]
  • On February 6, 1965 a Douglas DC-6, operating LAN Chile Flight 107 from Santiago to Ezeiza, Argentina, flew into a mountain near the San José Volcano in the Las Melosas area of the Andes shortly after takeoff. All of the 87 passengers and crew on board died in what is as of 2012 the worst aircraft accident in Chile.[34]
  • On April 3, 1961, LAN Chile Flight 210, a Douglas C-47A registered as CC-CLD, on a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Temuco Airport (now Maquehue Airport, later La Araucania Airport) to Santiago, crashed into a hillside due to inclement weather near La Gotera Hill, Chile. On board were many members of the Chilean association football club C.D. Green Cross. All four crew members and all twenty passengers on board were killed.[33]

Incidents and accidents

The purchase of the AirPass coupons must be made at the time intercontinental travel is purchased and outside South America.

  1. Whether the passenger reaches South America with LAN or with another Oneworld alliance member.
  2. The distance between the point of departure and the destination.

The "South America AirPass" describes an airfare that allows passengers residing outside of South America to purchase individual, one-way coupon for flights between any of the South American destinations that make up LAN's at a price determined by two factors:

South America AirPass

The new and renovated LATAM Airlines Passenger lounges are designed by Chilean architect Mathias Klotz and Parisian Studio Putman Olivia Putman.

These lounges are accessible by passengers traveling onboard LAN and TAM First Class, Premium Business, Business and Premium Economy, as well as senior members of the LANPASS program (Comodoro, Premium Silver levels), TAM Fidelidade program (Black, Vermelho Plus, Vermelho) and oneworld respective categories (Emerald, Sapphire).

LAN Airlines operates VIP passenger lounges, in cooperation with TAM Airlines, at the following airports:[32]

LAN/TAM lounge in Santiago de Chile.

Lounges

  • Premium (Oneworld Ruby)[31]
  • Premium Silver (Oneworld Sapphire)[31]
  • Comodoro (Oneworld Emerald)[31]
  • Comodoro Black

The LANPASS Program has four Elite membership categories:[30]

LAN Airlines created the LANPASS frequent flyer program to reward customer loyalty. There are currently over four million members. Every year, over 250,000 LANPASS members fly for free. LANPASS members earn kilometres every time they fly with LAN, a Oneworld alliance member, a LANPASS-affiliated airline or by using the services of any LANPASS-associated business around the world.:[29]

LANPASS

LAN Airlines had also operated these following aircraft since it started services on the Santiago-Ovalle, Copiapó-Antofagasta-Iquique-Arica Route with the de Havilland Gipsy Moth carrying mail and 2 passengers, 1929.

Retired fleet

LAN Airlines Mainline Fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
J Y Total
Airbus A319-100 26 144 144
Airbus A320-200 72 [26] 174 174 Operated for Various LAN Brands.
12 138 150 Operate for LAN
Airbus A320neo 20 TBA Deliveries January 2016 – 2020
Airbus A321-200 6 4 212 212 Deliveries November 2014 – 2016
Boeing 767-300ER 23 18 220 238 Domestic Version
30 191 221 International Version
Boeing 787-8 10 12 30 217 247 Deliveries until 2018.
Boeing 787-9 6 4 36 256 292 12 firm orders plus 6 to be leased from ILFC[27]
Deliveries from 2015
Total 143 40

The LAN Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft (as of Septembero 2015):[25]

In 2012, LAN Airlines became the launch customer in the Americas of the Boeing 787 Dreamliner.

In May 2008, LAN Airlines retired its last 737-200 from service; the 737-200 was replaced by the Airbus A318. In addition to its A320's family aircraft and Boeing 767 family, LAN will buy the new Boeing 787 for its long haul routes such as Auckland, Sydney and European routes, replacing its Airbus A340-300s. With this new aircraft it plans to open new routes like London-Heathrow and Rome-Fiumicino. In 2011, LAN ordered 10 A318s but has since sold these to Avianca Brasil, to purchase another 128 airliners from the A320 family and 1 more order of A340-300. LAN Airlines is the American launch customer for the Sharklets for its A320 fleet.[24]

LAN became the launch customer for the Pratt & Whitney PW6000 engine on the Airbus A318.[22] Its Airbus A319s and Airbus A320s are equipped with International Aero Engines V2500s. Lan Airlines has recently renovated its Boeing 767s, adding amenities like flat bed seats in Premium Business class, which offers 180 degrees of recline, and new touch screen personal TVs with on-demand content.[23]

A LAN Airlines Airbus A340-300, used only on Australasia services. LAN retired this type from its fleet in spring 2015; Dreamliners were its replacement.
A LAN Airlines Airbus A320-200 taking off from Commodore Benitez International Airport in 2011.
A LAN Airlines Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner at John F. Kennedy International Airport in 2015.
LAN Airlines Boeing 767-300ER with 80 years logo.
A LAN Airlines Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner at Frankfurt Airport in 2014.

Fleet

LAN Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines as of January 2013:[21]

Codeshare agreements

LAN Airlines operates in 31 international, 17 domestic (Chile), 5 seasonal and 4 marketed destinations in 21 countries. When the airline takes delivery of the Boeing 787 Dreamliner it will start flights to Washington D.C. and London-Heathrow. It is also considering starting flights to Dallas/Fort Worth, Houston, Atlanta, Barcelona, Milan, Zurich, Shanghai, Tokyo and Hong Kong. With the delivery of more Airbus A319s, Airbus A320s and new deliveries of the Airbus A321, it will start new destinations in South America; it has considered Panama, San Jose de Costa Rica, Curitiba, Asunción, Manaus, Rosario, Cuzco and others. LAN Airlines has also become a popular choice for surfers traveling to South America because of their policy of not charging extra baggage fees for those passengers transporting a surfboard.[20]

LAN Airlines destinations.
  LAN Hubs
  LAN Airlines Destinations

Destinations

Former subsidiaries

Cargo branches

Subsidiaries

The airline has its headquarters on the 20th floor of the 5711 Avenida Presidente Riesco Building in Las Condes, Santiago Province.[18] Previously its headquarters were in Estado 10 in downtown Santiago de Chile.[19]

LAN Airlines Company headquarters in Las Condes, Santiago

Corporate affairs

On August 13, 2010, LAN signed a non-binding agreement with Brazilian airline TAM Airlines to merge,[15] and form the LATAM Airlines Group.[16] The merger was completed on June 22, 2012.[1] The Administrative Council of Economic Defense of Brazil (“CADE”) and the Tribunal de Defensa de la Libre Competencia (Chilean Court at Law for Antitrust) (“TDLC”) approved the merger subject to mitigation measures. The airlines have to surrender four daily São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport slot pairs to other airlines willing to fly the Santiago-São Paulo route, to give up membership in either Star Alliance (of which TAM Airlines was a member) or Oneworld, and to interline deals with other airlines that operate selected routes, among other provisions. [17]

LATAM Airlines Group

On October 28, 2010, LAN acquired 98% ot the shares of AIRES, the second largest air carrier in Colombia. On December 3, 2011, AIRES started operating as LAN Colombia under the unified LAN livery.

As of August 1, 2006, LAN Airlines merged first and business classes of service into a single class, named Premium Business.

In mid-2005, LAN opened its subsidiary LAN Argentina in Argentina and operates national and international flights from Buenos Aires, and is the third largest local operator behind Aerolíneas Argentinas and Austral. This subsidiary is also under the single LAN brand.

In March 2004, Lan Chile and its subsidiaries, LAN Perú, LAN Ecuador, LAN Dominicana and LAN Express, became unified under the unique LAN brand and livery, eliminating each airline country name on the brands. On June 17, 2004, LAN Chile changed its formal name to LAN Airlines (which was said to mean Latin American Network Airlines, even though the airline says LAN is no longer an acronym) as part of this re-branding and internationalization process; although, when founded in 1929, LAN originally meant "Línea Aérea Nacional" (National Airline).

In 2002, LAN Chile started its internationalization process through LAN Perú and LAN Ecuador.

In 2000, LAN Cargo opened up a major operations base at Miami International Airport and currently operates one of its largest cargo facilities there.

In 1998 LAN Airlines established a joint venture with Lufthansa called LLTT (Lufthansa-LAN Technical Training S.A.) with the aim to satisfy the needs for aircraft maintenance training in Latin America. LLTT is based at LAN's hangars in Comodoro Arturo Merino Benitez Airport.[13] LLTT is the only A320 Maintenance Simulator (CMOS) training provider in Latin America.[14]

The approval from the Chilean Anti-Trust Authority resulted in the acquisition of the country's second largest airline Ladeco on August 11, 1995. In October 1998, Lan Chile merged its cargo subsidiary Fast Air with Ladeco, forming LAN Express.

In September 1989, the Chilean government privatized the carrier, selling a majority stake in the company to Icarosan and Scandinavian Airlines (49%), which subsequently sold its stake a few years later to local investors. Since 1994, major shareholders have been the Cueto Family and businessman Sebastián Piñera (Until 2010), who sold his shares when taking office as President of the Republic of Chile.

Privatization and internationalization

In June 1986, Boeing 767-200ERs replaced the DC-10 fleet, with a new route to Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport. In 1988, LAN Chile started construction of its Maintenance Center at Santiago Airport and added a Boeing 747-100 on lease from Aer Lingus to its fleet during the summer season for its US flights.

Lan Chile's Boeing 767 at Frankfurt (1994)

In 1985, LAN-Chile implemented a program of flights around the world called Cruceros del Aire (“Air Cruises”), pioneers and unique in Latin America. The initial version included two flights per year (April 26 and September 26) on a Boeing 707 named Three Oceans because it crossed the Atlantic, Indian and South Pacific oceans, visiting 18 different places. The aircraft was specially prepared for these flights. It had 80 seats in first class, thus providing passengers with ample room for their comfort. Eighty tourists were selected for a 31-day tour that included visits to the main cities of Africa, Asia and Oceania. Such flights were made until 1989, marketed according to their route under various names such as "Around the World", "Three Oceans", "Three Continents," Mediterranean "," East-West China "etc.[12]

In 1980, the company replaced its Boeing 727s with 737-200 Advanced on its domestic routes. In addition, the McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, LAN Chile's first wide body jets, were added for use on routes to Los Angeles, Miami and New York. That same year, the maintenance facilitites were relocated from Los Cerrillos to Arturo Merino Benitez Airport.

On February 10, 1974, A LAN Chile Boeing 707 made the world's first transpolar non-stop flight between South America (Punta Arenas Airport) and Australia (Sydney Kingsford-Smith Airport).[11]

LAN Chile Boeing 727 at Pudahuel Airport Santiago in 1972

Since its inception and until 1970 the airline had its headquarters, main hub and maintenance center at Los Cerrillos Airport (ICAO: SCTI; IATA: ULC), in South-West Santiago.[10] The restrictions imposed by the growing metropolitan area of Santiago and the need for modern, jet-era airport facilities that could safely accommodate both domestic and intercontinental flights, drove the need to relocate the Chilean capital's principal airport from Los Cerrillos in the denser southwest metropolitan region of Santiago to the more rural northwest metropolitan area. For this reason, Santiago International Airport in Pudahuel was built between 1961 and 1967, fully moving LAN-Chile's flights to this new airport in 1970.

In 1969, LAN-Chile expanded its destinations to Rio de Janeiro, Asunción and Cali with new Boeing 727s.[9] In 1970, with Boeing 707s LAN-Chile opened its first transatlantic routes to Madrid–Barajas Airport, Frankfurt Airport and Paris-Orly.

. On September 4, 1974, this route was extended to Fiji. French Polynesia, Tahiti, in Papeete-Faa'a International Airport On January 16, 1968, the Santiago-Easter Island flight was extended to [9]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.